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韩国:政府试图对加密交易征收资本利得税

2019-12-10 14:13

韩国政府计划对加密货币交易征收资本利得税。《韩国时报》12月9日的一篇报道显示,韩国经济财政部将在2020年上半年起草一份引入该措施的修订法案。


与此同时,韩国国民议会(Korean National Assembly)正在推进一项相关法案,旨在提高加密货币交易的透明度。如果通过,新规定将在大会全体会议一年后生效。


据报道,政府的资本利得法案将不顾相关立法而继续推进,但《韩国时报》指出,需要对加密货币和数字资产进行更充分的定义,以明确政府的干预。


需要澄清的问题之一是,与密码相关的收益是否应被视为类似于股票交易或房地产交易的收益。


为了实施其税收计划,政府可能因此需要获得加密货币交易所的交易记录——这一做法已经在美国等国家实施。

 

反洗钱措施


据Cointelegraph报道,韩国提议的《报告和使用某些金融交易信息法》(Act on Reporting and Use of Certain Financial Transaction Information)如果获得通过,将规定银行必须向密码交易所发放实名账户。这将确保加密交易所遵守与传统金融机构相同的“了解你的客户”和反洗钱标准。


按照金融行动特别工作组(FATF)的建议,将加密货币交易所置于该国监管机构——金融服务委员会(Financial Services Commission)的直接监管之下,还将引入加密交易所许可制度。


由韩国科技巨头Kakao旗下子公司运营的韩国主要交易所Upbit上月透露,34.2万乙醚(ETH)在其火热的钱包中被盗。


这起盗窃事件发生时,据称该交易所正在冷库和热库之间转移资产,这引发了一些猜测,认为这起事件可能是内部原因,而非外部原因。Upbit承诺将从公司资金中补偿那些受到影响的企业。


之后,在以太坊区块链上发现了非法资产的转移。

 

The South Korean government plans to tax capital gains on cryptocurrency transactions. A Dec. 9 report from The Korea Times reveals that a revised bill to introduce the measure will be drawn up by the country’s Ministry of Economy and Finance by the first half of 2020.

In parallel, the Korean National Assembly is in the process of advancing a related bill aimed at increasing transparency in cryptocurrency trading. If passed, the new regulations would come into effect one year after the Assembly’s plenary session.

While the government’s capital gains bill will reportedly go ahead regardless of related legislation, The Korea Times notes that a more adequate definition of cryptocurrencies and digital assets will be required to provide clarity for the government’s interventions. 

Among the matters to be clarified is the question of whether crypto-related gains are to be deemed similar to gains in stock trading or real estate transactions.

To implement its taxation plans, the government could therefore need to obtain access to trading records on cryptocurrency exchanges — a practice already underway in countries such as the United States.

Anti-Money Laundering measures

As Cointelegraph reported, South Korea’s proposed Act on Reporting and Use of Certain Financial Transaction Information will, if passed, stipulate that banks must issue real-name accounts to crypto exchanges. This would ensure that crypto exchanges adhere to the same Know Your Customer and Anti-Money Laundering standards as traditional financial institutions. 

This move to bring cryptocurrency exchanges under the direct regulation of the country’s watchdog, the Financial Services Commission, will also include introducing a crypto exchange licensing system, as recommended by the Financial Action Task Force (FATF).

Major South Korean exchange Upbit, which is run by a subsidiary of Korean tech giant Kakao, revealed last month that 342,000 Ether (ETH) had been stolen from its hot wallets. 

The thefts happened when the exchange was allegedly moving assets between its hot and cold storage facilities, sparking some speculation that the incident may have been an inside job, rather than an external breach. Upbit has pledged to reimburse those affected from its corporate funds. 

Transfers of the ill-gotten assets have since been detected on the Ethereum blockchain.

原作者: Marie Huillet 来自: cointelegraph