找回密码
 立即注册
首页 区块链新闻 查看内容
  • QQ空间

Bitfinex和Tether正在接受会计掩盖调查

2019-12-14 16:31

 

在提交给纽约州最高法院(New York State Supreme Court)上诉部门的一份文件中,纽约州总检察长莱蒂夏·詹姆斯(Letitia James)严厉批评了Bitfinex和Tether试图阻止其办公室对两家公司进行调查的努力。Bitfinex和Tether正在接受会计掩盖调查,Bitfinex被控不当转移6.25亿美元资金,这些资金原本用于支持tefinex的stablecoin,以掩盖Bitfinex的流动性短缺。


在12月12日公布的12月4日的文件中,美国司法部长詹姆斯(James)写道,Bitfinex和Tether试图阻止“司法部长办公室对潜在的证券和大宗商品欺诈正在进行的调查”。


Bitfinex和Tether的律师在今天的一份文件中回应称,NYAG无权调查这些公司,因为“这些公司不是证券或大宗商品”。


尽管如此,总检察长詹姆斯的文件指出,两家公司现在已经两次未能达到“异常高的门槛”,即一旦获得授权,就终止NYAG的调查。当她说:


“当被调查者拒绝披露与他们的责任直接相关的文件和信息时,如果被调查者批评(司法部长办公室的)潜在法律索赔的适当性,这是特别反常的。”


詹姆斯认为,Bitfinex和Tether实际上是在试图驳回NYAG的诉讼,而实际上还没有任何此类诉讼——只有调查,这可能会导致未来的诉讼。

 

Bitfinex和Tether继续逃避法院命令?


詹姆斯继续说,自从法院发布命令迫使Bitfinex和Tether提供与调查相关的文件以来,已经过去了八个多月。


然而,据詹姆斯称,Bitfinex和Tether仍在逃避法庭命令,尚未拿出核心材料来证明他们的责任。詹姆斯补充道:


“任何法律原则或议事规则都不允许调查对象在合法的法庭命令下拒绝遵守调查。”


对此,Bitfinex和Tether回应称,他们已经拿出了7万页的文件,总检察长办公室正在抓紧一切机会证明自己的观点。他们的律师写道:


“鉴于广泛的管辖权发现,OAG无法收集足够的管辖权证据的真正原因是证据不存在。”


Bitfinex和Tether表示,加密客户知道投资的风险


Bitfinex和Tether的律师在文件中也提出了一个颇具争议的论点:由于这两家公司都是私有企业,它们无需告知客户存款的风险,尽管它们声称Tether得到了美元储备的“充分支持”。他们写道:


“选择购买虚拟货币的客户显然很清楚,这样做并不是将资金投入由联邦存款保险公司(fdic)支持的传统银行账户,也不是投资于发布SEC季度报告的上市公司。”


据称有数亿人信息被掩盖


当前的法律之争始于总检察长詹姆斯指控Bitfinex、母公司iFinex和Tether Limited及其关联实体在可能欺诈纽约加密投资者的活动中违反了纽约法律。NYAG称,Bitfinex向Tether借款8.5亿美元,以弥补其从未向投资者披露的损失。


去年10月,纽约南区联邦检察官办公室(United States Attorney 's Office for the Southern District of New York)以三项刑事指控起诉了总部位于巴拿马、备受争议的影子支付处理公司Crypto Capital的负责人。用Bitfinex自己的话说,Crypto Capital“多年来为Bitfinex和代表Bitfinex处理某些资金”。然而,Bitfinex辩称,当Crypto Capital拒绝或无法提供Bitfinex的8.5亿美元存款时,它自己就是欺诈的受害者。

 

In a filing with the New York State Supreme Court’s Appellate Division, New York Attorney General Letitia James roundly criticized the efforts of Bitfinex and Tether to halt her office’s investigation into the companies. Bitfinex and Tether are under investigation for an accounting coverup in which Bitfinex is alleged to have improperly transferred $625 million that had been backing the Tether stablecoin in order to conceal Bitfinex’s liquidity shortfall.

In the filing from Dec. 4 but made public on Dec. 12, Attorney General James wrote that Bitfinex and Tether are attempting to stop the “ongoing investigation by the Office of the Attorney General into potential securities and commodities fraud.”

Lawyers for Bitfinex and Tether responded in a filing today, saying that the NYAG does not have authority to investigate the companies because “tethers are not securities or commodities.”

Nonetheless, Attorney General James’ filing pointed out that both companies have now failed twice to meet the “exceptionally high threshold” to terminate an NYAG investigation once it has been authorized. James did not mince her words when she said:

“It is particularly perverse for respondents to criticize the adequacy of [the Office of the Attorney General’s] potential legal claims when respondents are the ones who have refused to disclose documents and information that would be directly relevant to their liability.”

James argued that the Bitfinex and Tether are effectively attempting to dismiss an NYAG lawsuit when there is in fact not yet any such lawsuit — only an investigation, which may lead to a lawsuit in the future.

Bitfinex and Tether continue to evade court order?

James continued by saying that it has now been more than eight months since the court-issued order compelling the Bitfinex and Tether to produce documents relevant to the investigation.

However, according to James, Bitfinex and Tether continue to evade the court order and have not yet produced the core materials that would either establish or disprove their liability. James added:

“No principle of law or rule of procedure allows a subject of an investigation to refuse to comply with that investigation in the face of a lawful court order.”

To this, Bitfinex and Tether responded that they have already produced 70,000 pages of documents and that the Attorney General’s office is effectively grasping at straws to make its case. Their lawyers wrote:

“Given the extensive jurisdictional discovery, the real reason OAG cannot marshal enough evidence on jurisdiction is that the evidence does not exist.”

Bitfinex and Tether say crypto customers know the risks of investment

In their filing, lawyers for Bitfinex and Tether lawyers also made the provocative argument that, because the companies are private, they do not need to inform customers of risks to their deposits, despite claiming that Tether had been “fully backed” by reserves of US dollars. They wrote:

“Customers who choose to buy virtually currencies are obviously well-aware that, in doing so, they are not placing their money in FDIC-backed traditional bank accounts, or investing in public companies that issue quarterly SEC reports.”

An alleged coverup of hundreds of millions

The current legal battle began when Attorney General James alleged that Bitfinex, parent company iFinex and Tether Limited, and their associated entities violated New York law in connection with activities that may have defrauded New York-based crypto investors. The NYAG said that Bitfinex borrowed $850 million from Tether to cover a loss that it never disclosed to investors.

In October, the United States Attorney’s Office for the Southern District of New York indicted the principal of controversial Panama-based shadow payment processor Crypto Capital on three criminal counts. Crypto Capital had, in Bitfinex’s own words, “processed certain funds for and on behalf of Bitfinex for several years.” However, Bitfinex has argued it was itself a victim of fraud when Crypto Capital either refused to or was unable to make available $850 million of Bitfinex’s deposits.

原作者: Joeri Cant 来自: cointelegraph