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Nation sets rapid pace with 5G development

2020-1-9 14:43

 

Tech attracts wide variety of industries

 

In a mine in Qingdao, Shandong province, an automatic electric locomotive loaded with gold ore runs smoothly as workers on the surface, about 500 meters above the vehicle, monitor operations via real-time video cameras.

 

This is the first such application of fifth-generation wireless technology in underground mines in China, as part of the nation's broader push to employ technologies to ensure safety in a sprawling industry.

 

Thanks to 5G, mines, which have traditionally struggled with connectivity, are becoming safer and more efficient.

 

Liu Pengnan, a technician at Shandong Gold Mining (Laixi) Co, which runs the Qingdao mine, said: "The superfast 5G allows radio signals to pass through thick walls, ceilings and floors. We can access a peak downloading speed of 800 megabytes per second and an uploading speed of 100 Mb/s, making it possible for us to remotely control underground equipment, a big improvement in safety for frontline workers such as me."

 

The mine, where 5G network coverage was introduced in late November, offers a glimpse of the progress made by China in the past year to commercialize the superfast wireless technology. The nation is pioneering cutting-edge technologies, despite global trade uncertainties and efforts by the United States to contain the rise of tech pioneers such as Huawei Technologies Co.

 

For example, Chinese companies have enabled the world's first 5G-powered remote surgery on a human brain, transmitted ultrahigh-definition television content through 5G networks and piloted the operation of self-driving buses and automobiles in many cities.

 

The country boasts the world's largest 5G deployment, with more than 130,000 base stations constructed.

 

Its telecom carriers provide 5G services in more than 50 cities, securing a total of 3 million subscribers in just two months after the technology was officially commercialized, according to the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology.

 

Wang Zhiqin, deputy head of the China Academy of Information and Communications Technology, a government think tank, said, "China has maintained its 5G deployment momentum in the face of challenges."

 

She said the technology can enable countless devices and equipment to connect to the internet and "talk" to each other, which will make the long-predicted era of the internet of things a reality.

 

"This year, we will see large-scale construction of 5G networks, a kaleidoscope of industrial applications emerging and 5G smartphones rapidly becoming popular in China," Wang added

 

Huawei estimates that some 400,000 new 5G base stations will be built in China by the end of the year, with services available in more than 300 cities.

 

In its latest report, US investment bank Goldman Sachs painted an even more optimistic picture, forecasting that the country would build about 1 million new 5G base stations this year, up from its original prediction of 600,000.

 

Wang Jianzhou, senior consultant with the Global System for Mobile Communications Association, said: "Despite the different estimates, there is a consensus that the rapid deployment of 5G in China will offer a sound digital infrastructure for more efforts to generate concrete benefits for both businesses and consumers. It will inject new vitality into the push for high-quality growth."

 

He said 5G is not a simple technology. It is a platform to link the telecom industry with other sectors-the fundamental difference between 4G and 5G.

 

"The whole world is fascinated with 5G. It is high time to turn this overwhelming enthusiasm toward the new technology into concrete efforts to promote its wider use," Wang Jianzhou added.

 

A wide variety of industries-mining, transportation, education, healthcare, manufacturing, agriculture and others-are scrambling to team up with Chinese tech companies for innovative 5G applications.

 

Significant progress has been made. For example, in March, the world's first 5G-based remote surgery on a human brain was conducted on a patient with Parkinson's disease.

 

With technological support from Huawei and China Mobile Ltd, a doctor in Sanya, Hainan province, remotely operated surgical instruments to implant a deep brain stimulator, known as a "brain pacemaker", into the patient in Beijing, about 2,500 kilometers away.

 

Ling Zhipei, chief physician at the First Medical Center of the Chinese PLA General Hospital, conducted the three-hour surgery. "The 5G network has solved problems like video lag and remote control delay experienced under the 4G network, ensuring a near-real-time operation," Ling said.

 

Hospitals in China have since conducted a string of 5G-enabled remote surgeries, as they strive to tap the latest technologies to solve problems such as insufficient medical resources in poor regions.

 

Derek O'Halloran, head of Shaping the Future of Digital Economy and New Value Creation at World Economic Forum, said China is one of the most active 5G markets in the world. It is at the forefront of applying the technology in manufacturing, healthcare, media and other sectors.

 

Chen Hong, chairman of Hina Group, a Chinese investment company that has recently funded 5G-related startups, said that as the technology deepens integration between digital technologies and traditional sectors, it will also play a new role in spurring China's burgeoning digital economy to a new development stage.

 

"4G has triggered a boom in China's consumer internet applications. But the nation has no star companies that excel in using digital technologies to serve businesses. That is in sharp contrast to the US, where consumer internet companies and enterprise internet companies are thriving in tandem," Chen said.

 

The landscape in China will be reshaped by 5G, which will trigger the use of digital technologies in enterprises, according to Chen.

 

Such optimism is in line with the latest report from the China Academy of Information and Communications Technology. The think tank forecasts that the commercialization of 5G in China is expected to generate direct economic output of 10.6 trillion yuan ($1.5 trillion) from this year to 2025, and indirect economic output of about 24.8 trillion yuan.

 

But whatever gigantic numbers are used to showcase the benefits of 5G, the technology first needs to bring benefits to frontline workers such as Liu, from the gold mine in Shandong.

 

He said that many people are visiting the mine to see how 5G is being used to upgrade the traditional industry.

 

"I have taken many phone calls to answer questions from our peers. They are all eager to embrace the technology, because once properly used, 5G can save our lives in an emergency," Liu said.

 

科技吸引了各种各样的产业


在山东青岛的一个煤矿里,一辆装载着金矿的自动电力机车运行平稳,工人们在机车上方约500米处的地面上,通过实时视频摄像机监控着操作。


这是中国第一次将第五代无线技术应用于地下煤矿,这是中国在这个庞大行业中应用技术以确保安全的更广泛努力的一部分。


多亏了5G,传统上难以连接的地雷变得更安全、更高效。


经营青岛金矿的山东黄金矿业(莱西)有限公司的技术人员刘鹏南说:“超快的5G允许无线电信号穿过厚厚的墙壁、天花板和地板。我们可以达到每秒800兆的峰值下载速度和每秒100兆的上传速度,使我们能够远程控制地下设备,这对像我这样的一线工作者来说是一个很大的安全改进。”


去年11月下旬,中国推出了5G网络覆盖,让人们得以一窥中国在过去一年里将这种超高速无线技术商业化所取得的进展。尽管全球贸易存在不确定性,美国也在努力遏制华为技术有限公司(Huawei technologies Co.,简称:华为)等科技先锋的崛起,但中国仍在引领前沿技术。


例如,中国企业实现了世界上第一个5G远程人脑手术,通过5G网络传输超高清电视内容,在许多城市进行了自动驾驶公交车和汽车的运营试点。


中国拥有世界上最大的5G部署,建设了超过13万个基站。


根据工业和信息化部的数据,中国的电信运营商在50多个城市提供5G服务,在5G技术正式商业化后的短短两个月内,就获得了300万用户。


政府智库中国信息通信技术研究院副院长王志勤表示,“面对挑战,中国保持了5G部署的势头。”


她说,这项技术可以使无数的设备和设备连接到互联网并互相“交谈”,这将使人们长期预测的物联网时代成为现实。


“今年,我们将看到5G网络的大规模建设,各种工业应用层出不穷,5G智能手机在中国迅速普及,”王补充说


华为估计,到今年年底,中国将新建约40万个5G基站,覆盖300多个城市。


美国投资银行高盛(Goldman Sachs)在其最新报告中描绘了更为乐观的前景,预计中国今年将新建约100万个5G基站,高于最初预测的60万个。


全球移动通信协会(Global System for Mobile Communications Association)高级顾问王建宙表示:“尽管有不同的估计,但有一个共识是,5G在中国的快速部署将为更多努力提供一个健全的数字基础设施,为企业和消费者带来切实的利益。”这将为推动高质量增长注入新的活力。”


他说,5G不是一项简单的技术。它是一个连接电信行业和其他行业的平台,这是4G和5G的根本区别。


“整个世界都对5G着迷。现在是时候把这种对新技术的巨大热情转化为具体的努力,以促进其更广泛的应用,”王建宙补充说。


各行各业——采矿、交通、教育、医疗、制造、农业等——都在争相与中国科技公司合作,开发创新的5G应用。


取得了重大进展。例如,今年3月,世界上第一个基于5g的人脑远程手术在一位帕金森氏症患者身上进行。


在华为和海南省三亚市中国移动有限公司的技术支持下,远程操作外科手术器械,将一种被称为“大脑起搏器”的深部大脑刺激器植入2500公里外的北京病人体内。


中国人民解放军总医院第一医疗中心主任医师凌志培进行了三个小时的手术。“5G网络解决了4G网络下的视频延迟和远程控制延迟等问题,确保了近乎实时的运行,”凌说。


自那以后,中国的医院开展了一系列5g远程手术,努力利用最新技术解决贫困地区医疗资源不足等问题。

 

世界经济论坛塑造数字经济未来和新价值创造的负责人德里克·奥哈洛伦(Derek O’halloran)表示,中国是世界上最活跃的5G市场之一。它是在制造业、医疗保健、媒体和其他领域应用该技术的前沿。


中国投资公司海纳集团(Hina Group)董事长陈宏表示,随着数字技术与传统行业的深度融合,它也将在推动中国蓬勃发展的数字经济进入新的发展阶段方面发挥新的作用。


“4G已经引发了中国消费互联网应用的繁荣。但是这个国家还没有在利用数字技术为企业服务方面表现出色的明星公司。这与美国形成了鲜明的对比,美国的消费者互联网公司和企业互联网公司正在蓬勃发展。”


陈表示,5G将重塑中国的格局,这将引发企业使用数字技术。


这种乐观情绪与中国信息通信技术研究院(China Academy of Information and Communications Technology)的最新报告相符。该智库预测,从今年到2025年,中国5G的商业化预计将产生10.6万亿元人民币(1.5万亿美元)的直接经济产出,以及24.8万亿元人民币的间接经济产出。


但是,无论用多么庞大的数字来展示5G的好处,这项技术首先需要给像刘这样来自山东金矿的一线工人带来好处。


他说,很多人来参观这个矿厂,想看看5G如何被用来升级传统产业。


“我接了很多电话来回答同行的问题。他们都渴望拥抱这项技术,因为一旦使用得当,5G可以在紧急情况下拯救我们的生命。”

来自: china daily