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毕马威负责人预测,物联网和区块链将被用于应对气候变化

2020-1-10 16:34

会计巨头毕马威会计师事务所(KPMG)的美国首席执行官阿伦•高希(Arun Ghosh)预测,到2020年,区块链与物联网(IoT)将被用于应对气候变化。


物联网是一个相关设备系统的术语,这些设备嵌入传感器、软件和网络连接,使它们能够收集和交换数据。根据毕马威与Cointelegraph分享的6条区块链预测,高希指出:


“这些技术的融合使组织能够加快环境治理,区块链的监管链被作为推动可持续发展的核心组成部分。”


数据显示气候变化,但气候管理需要区块链


鉴于毕马威在154个国家的业务,高希解释称,该公司发现,专注于自动空气质量控制机制的新兴经济体的业务正在增长。高希指出,毕马威在印度、乌克兰和中国的公司一直在与主要参与者就未来的空气质量标准进行对话。


虽然高希拒绝透露与毕马威的谈判细节,但大观研究公司(Grand View Research, Inc.)最近的一份报告显示,到2025年,空气质量市场规模预计将达到65亿美元。报告还指出,未来很可能将无线通信网络用于基于碘的空气质量监测系统。


高希指出,随着从基于碘的设备中收集到的有关空气质量的数据越来越多,越来越多的证据支持碳补偿,即减少二氧化碳或其他温室气体的排放。


虽然这可能是,高希解释说,以区块链为基础的协议支持的会计标准正在应用,使气候管理能够确保碳抵消。


启用了iot的设备为各地区提供了限制排放的解决方案。一个固定的传感器网络可以提供关于空气或水污染的历史数据来源。对水资源的点源监测表明,物联网传感器可以安装在特定地点,随着时间的推移监测污水排放或雨水渠。


高希指出,提供智能合同的区块链平台将很快控制物联网网络,以确保运营顺畅。此外,基于区块链的存储平台可以安全地存储物联网设备记录的数据。Ghosh对Cointelegraph说:


“关于一氧化碳会计标准的呼声很高,因为它需要来自物联网设备的可信数据。我们听到了更多关于数据和碳抵消项目的讨论,以及我们如何通过区块链和物联网设备将这些项目合并成更好的会计标准。”


区块链对气候管理的作用,在2020年达沃斯论坛上进行了讨论


高希还指出,区块链在气候管理方面的应用将于本月在瑞士举行的世界经济论坛期间进行讨论。


自2017年以来,世界经济论坛(World Economic Forum)一直在资助世界各地获得认证的碳抵消项目。今年,世界经济论坛指出,区块链将有机会产生社会影响。根据世界经济论坛的一篇博客文章,混合区块链模型的增加将在会议上讨论:


“今年,我们预计将看到混合区块链模型的试验增加,包括在金融部门(例如,分散金融或DeFi和“综合”CBDCs)和公共部门(智能合同的使用增加)。这是一个很好的方式来增加舒适与技术。”


考虑到这一点,高希指出,与毕马威合作伙伴的对话表明,气候管理领域的区块链和物联网将在本月的达沃斯论坛上讨论。他说:


“我希望看到这些对话在今年的达沃斯发生。我们与机构和毕马威的合作伙伴进行了多次对话,表明有迹象表明区块链将如何实现有效的气候管理。”

 

Accounting giant KPMG’s US blockchain lead, Arun Ghosh, predicts that blockchain, combined with the Internet of Things (IoT) will be used to manage climate change in 2020. 

 

IoT is a term for systems of interrelated devices that are embedded with sensors, software and network connectivity that enables them to collect and exchange data. According to a list of 6 blockchain predictions KPMG shared with Cointelegraph, Ghosh noted:

 

“The convergence of these technologies is enabling organizations to accelerate environmental governance, with blockchain’s chain of custody being deployed as a central component to driving sustainability.”

 

Data shows climate change, but blockchain needed for climate management 

 

With KPMG’s presence in 154 countries, Ghosh explained that the firm is seeing an uptick in emerging economies focused on automating air quality control mechanisms. Ghosh noted that KPMG firms in India, Ukraine and China have had ongoing conversations with key players about what future air quality standards may resemble. 

 

While Ghosh refused to go into detail of these discussions with KPMG, a recent report from Grand View Research, Inc., the air quality market size is expected to reach $6.5 billion by 2025. The report also notes the use of wireless communication networks for IoT-based air quality monitoring systems is likely to be the future. 

 

Ghosh pointed out that as more data from IoT-based devices is collected around air quality, there is growing evidence behind carbon offset, which is a reduction in emissions of carbon dioxide or other greenhouse gases. 

 

While this may be, Ghosh explained that accounting standards powered by blockchain-based protocols are being applied to enable climate management to ensure carbon offset. 

 

IoT-enabled devices provide regions with solutions to limit emissions. A network of stationary sensors can provide a source of historical data about air or water pollution. Point source monitoring of water resources demonstrates where IoT sensors can be installed in particular locations to monitor sewage outfalls or storm drains over time.

 

Ghosh notes that blockchain platforms offering smart contracts will soon control IoT networks to ensure that operations run smoothly. In addition, blockchain-based storage platforms can be used to securely store data recorded by IoT devices. Ghosh told Cointelegraph:

 

“There is a lot of momentum around accounting standards of carbon monoxide that requires trusted data coming from IoT enabled devices. We are hearing more conversations around data and carbon offset programs and how we can merge these programs into developing better accounting standards through blockchain and IoT devices.”

 

Blockchain for climate management discussed at Davos 2020

 

Ghosh also noted that blockchain’s application in climate management will be discussed in Switzerland this month during the World Economic Forum, also known as Davos 2020. 

 

The World Economic Forum has been funding certified offsetting projects around the world since 2017. This year, the World Economic Forum has noted that blockchain will have an opportunity to create social impact. According to a blog post from the World Economic Forum, an increase in hybrid blockchain models will be discussed at the event:

 

“This year, we expect to see increased experimentation with hybrid blockchain models, both in the financial sector (for example, decentralized finance or DeFi and “synthetic” CBDCs) and the public sector (increased use of smart contracts). These are a great way to increase comfort with the technology.”

 

This in mind, Ghosh noted that conversations with KPMG partners had indicated that blockchain and IoT in climate management will be discussed at Davos this month. He said:

 

“I hope to see these conversations happening at Davos this year. We’ve had many conversations with institutions and KPMG partners indicating there will be signs of how blockchain will enable effective climate management.”

原作者: Rachel Wolfson 来自: cointelegraph