找回密码
 立即注册
首页 全球财经资讯 查看内容
  • QQ空间

美国对中国取消货币操纵指控

2020-1-14 14:03

华盛顿,1月13日(新华社)——根据美国财政部周一发布的一份报告,美国已经不再将中国列为汇率操纵国。


美国财政部在其关于美国主要贸易伙伴宏观经济和外汇政策的半年度报告中说,目前没有一个美国主要贸易伙伴符合有关操纵货币的立法标准。


美国财政部评估了过去几个月中国及其货币政策的发展,美国财政部长史蒂文·姆钦在一份声明中说,“中国已作出可执行的承诺,在促进透明度和问责制的同时,避免竞争性贬值。”


独立智库官方货币与金融机构论坛(Official Monetary and Financial Institutions Forum)美国主席马克·索贝尔(Mark Sobel)在推特上说,这是“好消息”,称这种定性是“公然的”和“错误的”政治行为。


索贝尔曾任美国驻国际货币基金组织(IMF)代表和美国财政部副助理部长。他指出,中国经常账户盈余占国内生产总值(GDP)的比例很小,而且“干预很少”。


在贸易紧张局势加剧的情况下,美国财政部今年8月决定将中国列为汇率操纵国,招致国内外的强烈批评,许多人认为这种说法毫无根据,不负责任。


就连美国前财政部长、前总统奥巴马的经济顾问劳伦斯·萨默斯(Lawrence Summers)也对这一决定进行了抨击,称此举损害了美国的信誉。


国际货币基金组织(IMF)在结束了对中国经济的年度“第四条”磋商后,发布了一份不支持上述指控的报告,重申了其观点,即中国汇率与经济基本面基本一致。


与此同时,中国人民银行表示,中国对美国财政部将中国列为汇率操纵国深感遗憾。中国指出,美国财政部将中国列为汇率操纵国,并不符合财政部自己设定的量化标准。


央行在最近的一份声明中表示,中国将继续让市场在汇率形成过程中发挥决定性作用,保持人民币汇率在合理均衡水平上的总体稳定。


特朗普政府领导下的美国财政部此前发布了五份关于主要贸易伙伴汇率政策的半年度报告,其中包括2019年5月的一份,但没有一份报告将中国列为汇率操纵国。


在最新发布的报告中,美国财政部将瑞士列入“监控名单”,这意味着瑞士的外汇政策值得密切关注。在2019年5月的报告中,国务院将中国、德国、爱尔兰、意大利、日本、韩国、马来西亚、新加坡和越南列入监控名单。

 

WASHINGTON, Jan. 13 (Xinhua) -- The United States has dropped its designation of China as a currency manipulator, according to a report from the U.S. Treasury Department released Monday.

 

In its semiannual Report on Macroeconomic and Foreign Exchange Policies of Major Trading Partners of the United States, the Treasury Department said no major U.S. trading partner at this time met the relevant legislative criteria for currency manipulation.

 

Noting that the department assessed developments over the last several months with China and its currency practices, U.S. Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin said in a statement that "China has made enforceable commitments to refrain from competitive devaluation, while promoting transparency and accountability."

 

Mark Sobel, U.S. chairman of the Official Monetary and Financial Institutions Forum, an independent think tank, said on Twitter that this is "good news," calling the designation "blatant" and "errant" political act.

 

"China shouldn't have been designated to start with," said Sobel, who was the U.S. representative at the International Monetary Fund (IMF), and served as deputy assistant secretary at the U.S. Treasury Department. He noted China's current account surplus is small as a share of GDP, and there is "scant intervention."

 

Amid heightened trade tensions, the U.S. Treasury Department decided to label China a currency manipulator in August, drawing strong criticism from domestic and abroad, with many calling the designation groundless and irresponsible.

 

Even Lawrence Summers, former U.S. treasury secretary and economic advisor to former President Barack Obama, lashed out at the decision, saying that such a move has damaged U.S. credibility.

 

After concluding the annual Article IV consultation to review the Chinese economy, the IMF released a report which didn't back the accusation, affirming its view that China's exchange rate is broadly in line with economic fundamentals.

 

The People's Bank of China, meanwhile, said China deeply regrets the U.S. Treasury Department's designation, noting that such a label on China does not meet the quantitative criteria for so-called currency manipulators set by the department itself.

 

In a recent statement, the central bank said China will continue to let the market play a decisive role in exchange rate formation and keep the renminbi's exchange rate generally stable at a reasonable and balanced level.

 

The U.S. Treasury Department under the Trump administration previously released five semiannual reports on major trading partners' exchange rate policies -- including one in May 2019 -- none of which labeled China as a currency manipulator.

 

In the newly released report, the Treasury Department added Switzerland on its "monitoring list," which means its foreign exchange policies merit close attention. In the May 2019 report, the department put China, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Japan, South Korea, Malaysia, Singapore and Vietnam on the monitoring list.

来自: xinhua