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欧盟概述了应对气候变化的绿色协议的资金来源

2020-1-16 11:53

私营部门被视为应对气候变化的1万亿欧元计划的关键贡献者


欧盟委员会(European Commission)周二公布了一项雄心勃勃的1万亿欧元(合1.1万亿美元)投资计划的融资细节,该计划将在未来10年里使欧洲在2050年前成为首个气候中性大陆。


该计划的官方名称为欧洲绿色投资和公平过渡机制,将包括来自公共和私人来源的资金。


1万亿欧元中的约一半预计将来自欧盟的长期预算,各国政府提供1,000亿欧元,民间部门提供3,000亿欧元。


“我们面前的转变是前所未有的。欧盟委员会主席乌苏拉•冯•德莱恩周二表示:“这是一项非常重要的举措。只有在它是公正的,并且对所有人都有效的情况下,它才会奏效。”


她说:“我们将支持我们的人民和我们的地区在这一转变中需要做出更大的努力,以确保我们不让任何人掉线。”她补充说,动员至少1万亿欧元的计划将引发一波绿色投资浪潮。


在2019年的欧洲议会选举中,其公民以压倒性的优势支持加大应对气候变化的力度。2018年底,现年17岁的瑞典气候活动家格里塔·腾贝格(Greta Thunberg)引发了一场席卷欧洲城市的青年气候运动。11月28日,欧洲议会投票宣布进入气候紧急状态。


冯·德·莱恩把对抗气候变化作为她的首要任务。11月11日,也就是她就职11天后,她公布了欧洲绿色协议。该协议旨在使欧洲在本世纪中叶成为首个气候中立的大陆。


到目前为止,波兰是欧盟成员国中唯一没有就实现碳中和目标达成一致的国家,理由是波兰经济严重依赖煤炭。据报道,波兰80%的电力来自煤炭。


欧盟绿色投资计划包括一个1000亿欧元的过渡基金,以帮助波兰等国家在过渡期间。


欧盟委员会负责欧洲绿色协议的执行副主席弗朗斯·蒂莫曼斯说,向气候中立的必要过渡将改善人们的福祉,使欧洲更具竞争力。


“但这需要更多依赖化石燃料的公民、行业和地区做出努力,”他说。


他称1000亿欧元的Just过渡基金是“我们团结和公平的承诺”。


欧盟希望在今年3月出台气候法律,以帮助实现碳中和目标。


欧洲议会(European Parliament)议员定于本周就绿色协议展开进一步辩论,并于周三就一项决议进行投票。


绿色和平组织(Greenpeace)的欧盟气候与能源顾问曼格(Sebastian Mang)周二表示,如果这笔资金真的是为了推动绿色转型,那么它必须只提供给致力于这一转型、并有明确弃用煤炭计划的政府。


他在该组织网站上发布的一份新闻稿中说,“如果他们想要现金,波兰和捷克等国将必须证明,他们是认真对待应对气候紧急情况的。”


Mang说:“欧洲绿色协议要想成功,所有资金,包括来自欧盟预算的资金,都必须停止支持化石燃料、核能和其他破坏性行业。”

 

Private sector seen as key contributor to 1-trillion-euro plan against climate change

 

The European Commission on Tuesday unveiled the funding details for an ambitious 1-trillion-euro ($1.1 trillion) investment plan over the next decade to make Europe the first climate-neutral continent by 2050.

 

The plan, officially known as the European Green Investment and Just Transition Mechanism, will include money from both public and private sources.

 

About half of the 1 trillion euros is expected to come from the EU's long-term budget, with national governments contributing 100 billion euros and the private sector providing 300 billion euros.

 

"The transformation ahead of us is unprecedented. And it will only work if it is just-and if it works for all," European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen said on Tuesday.

 

"We will support our people and our regions that need to make bigger efforts in this transformation, to make sure that we leave no one behind," she said, adding that the plan to mobilize at least 1 trillion euros will unleash a green investment wave.

 

The European Parliament election in 2019 witnessed overwhelming support from its citizens to step up the fight against climate change. The now 17-year-old Swedish climate activist Greta Thunberg in late 2018 sparked a youth climate movement that has swept European cities. The European Parliament voted on Nov 28 to declare a climate emergency.

 

Von der Leyen has made the climate fight her top priority. She unveiled the European Green Deal on Nov 11, just 11 days after taking office. The deal seeks to make Europe the first climate-neutral continent by the middle of the century.

 

So far, Poland is the only EU member state that has not agreed to the EU agenda on achieving the carbon neutrality goal, citing its economy's heavy reliance on coal. About 80 percent of Poland's power is reportedly generated from coal.

 

The EU green investment plan includes a 100 billion euro Just Transition Fund to help countries like Poland during the transition.

 

European Commission Executive Vice-President for the European Green Deal Frans Timmermans said the necessary transition toward climate neutrality is going to improve people's well-being and make Europe more competitive.

 

"But it will require more efforts from citizens, sectors and regions that rely more on fossil fuels than others," he said.

 

He described the 100 billion euro Just Transition Fund as "our pledge of solidarity and fairness".

 

The EU hopes to have its climate law by March this year to help achieve the carbon neutrality goals.

 

Members of the European Parliament were scheduled this week to further debate the Green Deal and vote on a resolution on Wednesday.

 

Sebastian Mang, Greenpeace EU's climate and energy adviser, said on Tuesday that if the funding is really meant to promote a green transition, it must only be available to governments that are committed to that transition and have a clear plan to ditch coal.

 

"If they want the cash, the likes of Poland and the Czech Republic will have to prove they are serious about tackling the climate emergency," he said in a news release posted on the organization's website.

 

"For the European Green Deal to be successful, all funding, including from the EU budget, needs to stop supporting fossil fuels, nuclear energy and other destructive industries," Mang said.

原作者: CHEN WEIHUA 来自: china daily