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尽管五角大楼最初表示没有人员伤亡,但有美军在伊朗的导弹袭击中受伤

2020-1-17 14:26

在上周伊朗对伊拉克的Al-Asad空军基地的导弹袭击中,几名美国军人受伤,尽管五角大楼最初表示没有人员伤亡。

以美国为首的打击伊拉克和叙利亚伊斯兰国(ISIS)的军事联盟周四在一份声明中表示:“虽然没有美国军人在1月8日伊朗对阿萨德(Al Asad)空军基地的袭击中丧生,但爆炸造成的脑震荡症状仍在治疗中,目前仍在评估中。”

出于极大的谨慎,服务人员从伊拉克的Al Asad空军基地被运送到德国的Landstuhl地区医疗中心进行后续检查。当被认为适合执行任务时,这些军人将在筛选后返回伊拉克。


一名美国军方官员告诉CNN,有11名士兵在袭击中受伤。此次袭击是为了报复美国上周发动的空袭,伊朗将军Qasem Soleimani在空袭中丧生。国防部第一个报告受伤的士兵。

袭击发生后,五角大楼表示,伊朗发射的16枚导弹没有造成人员伤亡。美军将伤亡定义为人员伤亡。

当被问及这种明显的差异时,一名国防部官员告诉CNN,“这是指挥官当时的评估。事发几天后症状就出现了,他们是在非常谨慎的情况下接受治疗的。”

这个故事发表后,上尉比尔城市——美国中央司令部的发言人,负责军队在中东——攻击后说,军方已经学了11个人受伤,八被运送到德国兰德斯图尔地区医疗中心,三个被送往营地Arifjan在科威特的“后续筛选”。

乌尔班在一份声明中说:“作为一项标准程序,爆炸附近的所有人员都要接受创伤性脑损伤的检查,如果被认为是合适的,就会被送往更高级别的护理。”“根据国防部的说法,所有在爆炸现场的士兵都按照标准程序进行了筛选和评估。当被认为适合执行任务时,服役人员将在筛选后返回伊拉克。”

上周,美国国防部长埃斯珀(Mark Esper)曾表示,初步评估只发现了财产损失。

“目前的(战争损失评估)是,如果你愿意,我们可以为你提供细节,比如帐篷、滑行道、停车场、受损的直升机等;没有什么我认为是主要的,至少在这一点上我注意到了。这就是我们所知道的攻击的状态。最重要的是,没有伤亡,没有友军伤亡,无论是我们、盟军、承包商等等。”

受伤的消息传来之前,伊朗向伊拉克两处美军基地开火,以报复索莱马尼在伊拉克首都巴格达被杀。奥巴马政府试图将对索莱马尼的打击描述为试图缓解与伊朗的紧张关系,但德黑兰称这是“战争行为”和“国家恐怖主义”。Soleimani是这个国家第二大最有权势的官员。

对于他们眼中伊朗攻击背后的动机,美国官员给出了不同的解释。副总裁Mike Pence上周表示,美国政府认为罢工”是为了杀死美国人,”马克·米勒和军队将军参谋长联席会议主席说,他相信这次袭击“意在引起结构性破坏,破坏车辆和设备和飞机,和杀死人员。”

但政府官员中出现了一种越来越强烈的看法,认为伊朗故意漏掉了美国人居住的地区。多位政府官员告诉CNN,伊朗本可以将其导弹发射到美国人居住的地区,但却故意不这么做。这些官员表示,伊朗可能选择传递一个信息,而不是采取足以引发美国大规模军事回应的重大行动,这可能是一个信号,表明特朗普政府正在寻找平息紧张局势的理由。

伊拉克总理马赫迪在一份声明中说,伊拉克确实收到了空袭即将来临的警告,并有能力采取“必要的预防措施”。一名美国国防官员表示,伊拉克反过来也警告了美国。

然而,五角大楼官员表示,他们没有收到来自伊拉克方面的此类警告,但美国有能力在足够的时间察觉到袭击,从而向地面部队发出警报。

伊朗驻联合国大使上周五表示,选择伊拉克的美军基地主要是为了展示目标的准确性,而不是为了杀害美国人,这与特朗普政府高级官员公开宣称的说法相矛盾。

“我们在采取军事行动之前说过,我们将选择时间和地点,我们选择了对索莱马尼发动攻击的地点,”大使马吉德·塔克特·拉万奇(Majid Takht Ravanchi)上周五在“新的一天”接受CNN记者约翰·伯曼(John Berman)采访时被问及彭斯的评论。“我们不认为伤亡人数高是我们计算的一个重要因素。”

更新:这个故事已经更新了关于攻击的附加信息和美国中央司令部的一份声明。

Several US service members were injured during last week's Iranian missile attack on Al-Asad airbase in Iraq despite the Pentagon initially saying that no casualties had taken place.


"While no U.S. service members were killed in the Jan. 8 Iranian attack on Al Asad Air base, several were treated for concussion symptoms from the blast and are still being assessed," the US-led military coalition fighting ISIS in Iraq and Syria said in a statement Thursday.

"Out of an abundance of caution, service members were transported from Al Asad Air Base, Iraq to Landstuhl Regional Medical Center in Germany for follow-on screening. When deemed fit for duty, the service members are expected to return to Iraq following screening," the statement added.

    A US military official told CNN that 11 service members had been injured in the attack, which was launched in retaliation for the US airstrikes that had killed Iranian Gen. Qasem Soleimani the previous week. Defense One was first to report on the injured service members.

    Following the attack the Pentagon said that no casualties had resulted from the 16 missiles fired by Iran. The US military defines a casualty as either an injury or fatality involving personnel.

    Asked about the apparent discrepancy, a Defense official told CNN, "That was the commander's assessment at the time. Symptoms emerged days after the fact, and they were treated out of an abundance of caution."

    After this story published, Capt. Bill Urban -- the spokesperson for US Central Command, which oversees troops in the Middle East -- said the military had learned after the attack that 11 individuals were injured -- eight were transported to Landstuhl Regional Medical Center in Germany and three were sent to Camp Arifjan in Kuwait for "follow-on screening."

    "As a standard procedure, all personnel in the vicinity of a blast are screened for traumatic brain injury, and if deemed appropriate are transported to a higher level of care," Urban said in a statement. "All soldiers in the immediate blast area were screened and assessed per standard procedure, according to the Defense Department. ... When deemed fit for duty, the service members are expected to return to Iraq following screening."

    Last week, Secretary of Defense Mark Esper had said the initial assessment found only damage to property.

    "The current (Battle Damage Assessment) is, if you will, again, we can get you details, things like tentage, taxiways, the parking lot, a damaged helicopter, things like that; nothing that I would describe as major, at least as I note at this point in time. So that's the state of -- of the attack at this point as we know it. Most importantly, no casualties, no friendly casualties, whether they are US, coalition, contractor, etc.," Esper said.

    The news of the injuries come after Iran fired at two Iraqi bases housing US troops in retaliation for Soleimani's killing in the Iraqi capital of Baghdad. The administration sought to cast its strike on Soleimani as an attempt to de-escalate tensions with Iran, but Tehran has described it as an "act of war" and "state terrorism." Soleimani had been the second most powerful official in the country.

    US officials have offered differing accounts of what they see as the motivations behind Iran's attack. Vice President Mike Pence said last week that the administration believes the strikes "were intended to kill Americans," and Army Gen. Mark Milley, the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, said he believed that the attacks "were intended to cause structural damage, destroy vehicles and equipment and aircraft, and to kill personnel."

    But a growing belief emerged among administration officials last week that Iran had deliberately missed areas populated by Americans. Multiple administration officials told CNN that Iran could have directed its missiles to areas populated by Americans, but intentionally did not. And those officials said Iran may have chosen to send a message rather than take action significant enough to provoke a substantial US military response, a possible signal the Trump administration was looking for a rationale to calm the tensions.

    Iraq did receive a warning that the strike was coming and was able to take "necessary precautions," according to a statement from Iraq's Prime Minister Adil Abdul Mahdi. A US defense official said that Iraq, in turn, warned the United States.

    However, Pentagon officials have said they received no such warnings from the Iraqis but that the US was able to detect the attack in enough time to alert US forces on the ground.

    Iran's UN ambassador said last Friday that the Iraqi bases housing US troops had been primarily selected to demonstrate target accuracy, not to kill Americans, disputing public claims made by top Trump administration officials.

      "We said before we took our military action that we would choose the timing and the place, and we chose the place where the attack against Soleimani was initiated," Ambassador Majid Takht Ravanchi told CNN's John Berman on "New Day" last Friday when asked about Pence's comments. "And we do not consider a high number of casualties as an instrumental element in our calculations."

      UPDATE: This story has been updated with additional information on the attack and a statement from US Central Command.
      原作者: Jake Tapper, Ryan Browne and Barbara Starr 来自: CNN