找回密码
 立即注册
首页 全球财经资讯 查看内容
  • QQ空间

中美签署第一阶段贸易协定,为全球经济增添确定性

2020-1-17 15:06


美国总统唐纳德·特朗普和中国副总理、中共中央政治局委员、中美关系中方首席代表刘鹤。全面经济对话,签署中美战略与经济对话协定。2020年1月15日,在美国华盛顿特区白宫东厅举行的仪式上,两国签署了第一阶段经贸协议。(新华社/王英)

对美国来说,这是一个来之不易的阶段性成果这些进展表明,世界上最大的两个经济体正在寻求一种更理性的方式来打破僵局,为世界经济的稳定与发展注入正能量。

新华社华盛顿1月16日电(记者周华莹)中美两国周三签署了第一阶段经贸协议,双方均表示,该协议对彼此和整个世界都有利,这一进展受到了企业、投资者和观察人士的欢迎。

经过近两年的艰苦谈判,中国国务院副总理刘和美国总统唐纳德·特朗普代表各自国家在白宫东厅签署了文件,为双边关系注入了稳定因素,为全球经济增长增添了确定性。

”表明我们两国能够平等和相互尊重的基础上,并通过对话和协商妥善处理工作,有效地解决有关问题,”中国国家主席习近平在消息说胜过宣读国务院副总理的签字仪式。

这对中国、美国和世界都有好处

对美国来说,这是一个来之不易的阶段性成果这些进展表明,世界上最大的两个经济体正在寻求一种更理性的方式来打破僵局,为世界经济的稳定与发展注入正能量。

中国副总理在签字仪式上发表讲话,称该协议是互利共赢的。他说:“这将带来稳定的经济增长,促进世界和平与繁荣,符合两国生产者、消费者和投资者的利益。”

刘是中共中央政治局委员、中美关系中方首席代表。他当天晚些时候在与中国媒体的吹风会上表示,第一阶段协议在很大程度上解决了双方的关切。

协议内容包括扩大农产品、制成品、能源和服务等领域的双边贸易,进一步扩大市场准入,以及加强知识产权保护。

双方还同意建立双边双边评估和争端解决机制,美国承诺取消对中国产品的部分加征关税,这标志着美国的政策从提高关税转向削减加征关税。

刘在签字仪式上表示,第一阶段协议符合世界贸易组织规则,不针对也不影响任何第三方的合法权益。

在特朗普看来,第一阶段协议的签署是“非凡的”,这对美国、中国和整个世界都是一个福音。

热烈的反应

第一阶段的协议预计将给两国的工业、企业和消费者带来互利,受到美国分析人士、企业和农业社区以及金融市场的欢迎。

美国商会首席执行官托马斯·多诺霍在周三发布的一份声明中说,这项协议为美国企业在新年伊始提供了“非常必要的确定性”。

多诺霍说:“我们赞赏两国政府坚持这一方针,采取这一重要步骤来重建信任,恢复世界上最重要的商业关系的一些稳定。”

他指出,美国商界有很多令人兴奋的事情美中贸易全国委员会主席艾伦最近接受新华社采访时说,这项协议对中美双方都有好处。

位于美国爱荷华州的金伯利农场公司总裁里克·金伯利在接受新华社采访时表示,他“很高兴”看到双方签署了第一阶段的协议,称这无疑是朝着正确方向迈出的一步。

北达科他州大豆农场主泰勒·斯塔夫斯林(Tyler Stafslien)最近在接受新华社采访时说,第一阶段协议的签署对他来说意味着“美国和中国正在回到更加正常化的贸易道路上。”

布鲁金斯学会(Brookings Institution)约翰桑顿中国中心(John L. Thornton China Center)的高级研究员杜大伟(David Dollar)对新华社说,“第一阶段的协议意味着美国和中国之间的贸易关系将得到改善,这让市场松了一口气。他补充称,就贸易政策而言,2020年将是一个更加稳定的年份。

广受期待的贸易协议签署后,美国股市星期三以历史新高收盘,道琼斯工业平均指数以29030.22点收盘。


前进道路

协议的签署是解决中美两大经济体经贸问题的积极的第一步,现在的首要任务是落实协议,为中美关系有一个良好的开端。经贸关系。

下一步,双方要认真落实协议,优化协议的积极影响,使中美关系取得更大发展。习主席在给特朗普的信息中说:“贸易和经济合作。”

刘在签字仪式上表示,希望双方本着平等和相互尊重的原则共同努力,严格履行协定,照顾彼此核心关切,确保第一阶段贸易协定得到良好落实。

他说:“这是迫切的需要,也将在未来双边经贸关系的发展中发挥重要作用。”

库恩基金会主席、美国著名的中国问题专家罗伯特·库恩星期三对新华社说,这项协议是国际贸易和中美关系的一个“里程碑”。关系。

第一阶段协议“不会永远解决所有问题,但会为中美关系带来稳定。经济关系,它确实给了整个世界更大的经济信心,增加了全球繁荣的机会。”

库恩表示:“我相信双方都会遵守协议。”

习主席曾说过,中美之间有千丝万丝的理由。刘在新闻发布会上指出,没有理由打破这种关系。

两国有许多共同利益,当然能够找到管控分歧、实现合作共赢的途径。

The deal is a hard-won phased outcome for the U.S.-initiated trade tensions with China, and the progress shows that the world's two largest economies are seeking a more rational way to break the deadlock and inject positive energy into the stability and development of the world economy.


WASHINGTON, Jan. 16 (Xinhua) -- China and the United States on Wednesday signed their phase-one economic and trade agreement that both sides said benefits each other and the whole world, a progress welcomed by businesses, investors and observers.


After nearly two years' strenuous negotiations, Chinese Vice Premier Liu He and U.S. President Donald Trump inked the papers at the White House East Room on behalf of their respective countries, injecting stability into bilateral relations and adding certainty to global growth.


It "shows that our two countries have the ability to act on the basis of equality and mutual respect, and work through dialogue and consultation to properly handle and effectively resolve relevant issues," Chinese President Xi Jinping said in a message to Trump read out by the vice premier at the signing ceremony.


U.S. President Donald Trump and Chinese Vice Premier Liu He, who is also a member of the Political Bureau of the Communist Party of China Central Committee and chief of the Chinese side of the China-U.S. comprehensive economic dialogue, show the signed China-U.S. phase-one economic and trade agreement during a ceremony at the East Room of the White House in Washington D.C., the United States, Jan. 15, 2020. (Xinhua/Wang Ying)


GOOD FOR CHINA, U.S., WORLD


The deal is a hard-won phased outcome for the U.S.-initiated trade tensions with China, and the progress shows that the world's two largest economies are seeking a more rational way to break the deadlock and inject positive energy into the stability and development of the world economy.


The Chinese vice premier, in his remarks at the signing ceremony, called the agreement mutually beneficial and of win-win nature. "It will bring about stable economic growth, promote world peace and prosperity, and is in the interest of the producers, consumers, investors in both countries," he said.


Liu, also a member of the Political Bureau of the Communist Party of China Central Committee and chief of the Chinese side of the China-U.S. comprehensive economic dialogue, told a briefing with the Chinese press later that day the phase-one deal has to a large extent addressed the concerns of both sides.


The agreement ranges from expanding bilateral trade in such sectors as agricultural products, manufactured goods, energy, and service, further broadening market access, to enhancing the protection of intellectual property rights.


The two sides also agree to establish a bilateral mechanism for two-way assessment and dispute settlement, and the United States has pledged to cancel some of its additional tariffs on Chinese products, marking a policy change from hiking to cutting additional tariffs.


At the signing ceremony, Liu noted that the phase-one deal is in line with the World Trade Organization rules, and that it is neither directed at nor will affect the lawful rights and interests of any third party.


For his part, Trump called the signing of the phase-one deal "remarkable," which is a boon to the United States, China, and the whole world.


U.S. President Donald Trump and Chinese Vice Premier Liu He, who is also a member of the Political Bureau of the Communist Party of China Central Committee and chief of the Chinese side of the China-U.S. comprehensive economic dialogue, arrive at the East Room of the White House for the China-U.S. phase-one trade deal signing in Washington D.C., the United States, Jan. 15, 2020. (Xinhua/Wang Ying)


WARM RESPONSES


The phase-one deal, expected to bring mutual benefit to industries, businesses and consumers of both nations, is well received by U.S. analysts, business and farming communities and financial markets.


U.S. Chamber of Commerce CEO Thomas Donohue said in a statement released Wednesday that this deal provides "much needed certainty" to U.S. businesses as they begin the new year.


"We commend both governments for staying the course and taking this important step to rebuild trust and restore some stability in the world's most important commercial relationship," Donohue said.


Noting that there's a lot of excitement in the U.S. business community, U.S.-China Business Council President Craig Allen told Xinhua in a recent interview that the agreement is good for both the Chinese side and the U.S. side.


Rick Kimberley, president of Kimberley Farms Inc. in the U.S. State of Iowa, told Xinhua he is "pleased" to see that the phase-one deal has been signed, calling it definitely a step in the right direction.


In a recent interview with Xinhua, Tyler Stafslien, a North Dakota-based soybean farmer, said the signing of the phase-one deal signifies to him that "the United States and China are on a path back towards more normalized trading."


David Dollar, a senior fellow in the John L. Thornton China Center at the Brookings Institution, told Xinhua that "markets are relieved that the phase-one deal means that the U.S.-China trade war is not escalating," adding that 2020 looks set to be a more stable year in terms of trade policy.


U.S. markets closed at record highs Wednesday after the signing of the widely-anticipated trade deal, with the Dow Jones Industrial Average ending the trading day at 29,030.22.


U.S. President Donald Trump and Chinese Vice Premier Liu He, who is also a member of the Political Bureau of the Communist Party of China Central Committee and chief of the Chinese side of the China-U.S. comprehensive economic dialogue, shake hands after signing the China-U.S. phase-one economic and trade agreement during a ceremony at the East Room of the White House in Washington D.C., the United States, Jan. 15, 2020. (Xinhua/Wang Ying)


PATH FORWARD


The signing of the deal is a positive first step for resolving the economic and trade issues between the world's top two economies, and the priority now is to implement the deal, and get off to a good start for China-U.S. economic and trade ties.


In the next step, the two sides need to implement the agreement in real earnest and optimize its positive impact, so as to make even greater progress in China-U.S. trade and economic cooperation, Xi said in his message to Trump.


Speaking at the signing ceremony, Liu expressed the hope that both sides will work together under the principle of equality and mutual respect, strictly honor the agreement, accommodate each other's core concerns, and ensure a good implementation of the phase-one trade agreement.


"It is the pressing need and will also play an important role in the growth of bilateral economic and trade relations in the future," he said.


Robert Kuhn, chairman of the Kuhn Foundation and a leading U.S. expert on China, told Xinhua on Wednesday that the deal is a "milestone" in international trade and China-U.S. relations.


The phase-one deal "does not solve all problems forever, but by providing stability for China-U.S. economic relations, it does give the entire world greater economic confidence and increases opportunities for global prosperity," he said.


"I am confident that both sides will adhere to the deal," Kuhn said.


President Xi has said that there are a thousand reasons to make the China-U.S. relationship work, and no reason to break it, Liu noted at the press briefing.


The two countries have a lot of shared interests, and can certainly find a way to manage their differences and engage in win-win cooperation, Liu said. Enditem

来自: xinhua