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阿布扎比能源部长证实了在“一带一路”计划上的合作

2020-1-18 14:12

阿布扎比的能源主管Awaidha Murshed Ali Al Marar说,阿联酋希望在中国提出的“一带一路”倡议中支持能源发展,并争取中国对阿联酋电网的进一步投资。


在阿布扎比可持续发展周(ADSW)上接受《中国日报》独家专访时,阿布扎比能源部主席阿尔•马拉尔介绍了去年阿联酋与中国签署的谅解备忘录的最新情况。


“自我们与中国国家电网公司(State Grid Corporation of China)签署谅解备忘录以来,我们已举行了几次后续会议,并与中国主要实体交换了代表团,”阿布扎比能源政策主管阿尔•马拉尔(Al Marar)表示。阿布扎比是阿联酋七个酋长国中人口第二多的酋长国,仅次于迪拜。“重要的是,我们能够确定在可再生能源政策制定方面的合作领域,并探索投资机会,包括在阿联酋的能源输配业务和电网扩张。”


阿联酋希望通过太阳能和核能来引领其从化石燃料发电的转型。去年,中国的丝绸之路基金(Silk Road Fund)和多家中资银行牵头为迪拜附近一座950兆瓦的太阳能发电厂提供融资。这座发电厂有望成为世界上最大的太阳能发电厂之一。2017年,中国上海电气被选为该项目的总承包商。


马拉尔说,美中在可再生能源领域的合作将有助于确保“一带一路”倡议的可持续性。“一带一路”是中国提出的一项基础设施和经济发展计划。


“这些类型的协议和正在进行的会议,研究和基准能源部和中国企业之间加强我们的合作在可再生能源产业的关键,让我们分享和探索机会和未来的扩张计划将支持中国的腰带和道路倡议和阿布扎比的可持续发展目标,”Al Marar说。


尽管Al Marar表示,阿联酋仍在努力减少对有限资源的依赖,增加太阳能发电能力,但该国的大部分能源仍是通过化石燃料生产的。


2006年,阿布扎比政府通过主权财富基金穆巴达拉(Mubadala),成立了一家名为马斯达尔(Masdar)的可再生能源和可持续城市发展公司。Masdar首席执行官Mohamed Jameel Al Ramahi早些时候在ADSW接受采访时向《中国日报》证实,公司目前正在中国和一带一路沿线地区探索投资机会。


马拉尔说,中国在帮助阿联酋转向太阳能方面发挥了重要作用。


“如果你看看我们电网上的大部分太阳能电池板,你会看到中国制造,”他说。“中国正致力于摆脱对煤炭的依赖,减少排放。中国在技术、研究和生产方面一直在做的调整正在蔓延到包括我们在内的其他国家。”


在ADSW大会上,中国国家能源局副局长刘宝华阐述了中国对可持续发展的承诺。他说,到今年年底,非化石燃料将占中国能源结构的15%,高于2019年的14.7%,并将在2030年升至20%。


刘说:“中国政府高度重视可再生能源的发展,大力推进能源生产和消费革命。”

 

Abu Dhabi's energy chief, Awaidha Murshed Ali Al Marar, says the United Arab Emirates is looking to support energy development in the China-proposed Belt and Road Initiative, as well as secure further Chinese investment in the UAE's electricity grid.

 

In an exclusive interview with China Daily at the Abu Dhabi Sustainability Week, or ADSW, Abu Dhabi Department of Energy Chairman Al Marar provided an update on a memorandum of understanding signed between the UAE and China last year.

 

"Since we signed the MoU with the State Grid Corporation of China, we have held several follow up meetings and exchanged delegations with key Chinese entities," said Al Marar, who heads up energy policy for Abu Dhabi, the second-most populous of the UAE's seven emirates behind Dubai. "Importantly, we were able to identify areas of cooperation in renewable energy policymaking and explored investment opportunities including in the energy transmission and distribution business as well as grid expansion within the UAE."

 

The UAE is looking to solar and nuclear power to lead its transition from fossil fuel energy generation. Last year, China's Silk Road Fund and a number of Chinese banks lead financing for a 950-megawatt solar farm near Dubai, which promises to be among the world's largest such facilities. In 2017, China's Shanghai Electric was selected as the main contractor for the project.

 

Al Marar said that UAE-China collaboration on renewable energy will help ensure sustainability along the Belt and Road Initiative, which is an infrastructure and economic development plan proposed by China.

 

"These type of agreements and the ongoing meetings, research and benchmarking between the Department of Energy and Chinese companies is key to enhancing our cooperation in the renewable energy industry and allows us to share and explore opportunities and future expansion plans that would support China's Belt and Road Initiative and Abu Dhabi's sustainable development goals," Al Marar said.

 

The UAE continues to generate the majority of its energy through fossil fuels, though Al Marar said the nation is working hard to lessen its reliance on finite resources and ramp up solar capacity.

 

Through the sovereign wealth fund Mubadala, the Abu Dhabi government set up a renewable energy and sustainable urban development company in 2006 called Masdar, which has developed nearly 5 gigawatts of renewable energy capacity worldwide and invested $13.5 billion in green projects. In an earlier interview at ADSW, Masdar Chief Executive Mohamed Jameel Al Ramahi confirmed to China Daily that the company is currently exploring investment opportunities in both China and along the Belt and Road regions.

 

Al Marar says China has played a major role in aiding the UAE's pivot to solar.

 

"If you look at most of the solar panels on our grid you will see Made in China," he said. "China is focusing on getting away from coal and decreasing emissions.

What China has been doing to adapt in terms of technology, research and production is spilling over to other countries including ours."

 

At the ADSW, the Deputy Director of China's National Energy Administration Liu Baohua laid out the nation's commitments to sustainable development. He said that non-fossil fuels would account for 15 percent of China's energy mix by the end of this year-up from 14.7 percent in 2019-and rise to 20 percent by 2030.

 

"The Chinese government attaches great importance to the development of renewable energy and vigorously promotes the revolution in energy production and consumption," Liu said.

原作者: ANGUS McNEICE 来自: china daily