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美国上诉法院不会重新考虑废除网络中立的裁决

2020-2-7 12:02

 

据路透社报道,美国一家上诉法院周四晚些时候表示,它不会重新考虑10月份的一项裁决,该裁决在很大程度上支持废除具有里程碑意义的网络中立规则,拒绝了美国十多个州和科技集团的请求。


美国联邦通信委员会(Federal Communications Commission,简称fcc)在2017年12月推翻了奥巴马时代禁止互联网服务提供商(isp)阻止或限制流量、或提供付费快速通道的规定,这对倡导网络中立性的大型科技公司和消费者团体是一个打击。


报道称,在周四发布的命令中,美国哥伦比亚特区上诉法院全体法官拒绝就重新审理这一裁决发表评论,去年10月发布裁决的三名法官小组也是如此。


这一决定标志着美国联邦通信委员会主席阿吉特·帕伊的胜利。


在去年12月提交的请愿书中,美国计算机与通信行业协会(Computer & Communications Industry Association)、互联网贸易组织INCOMPAS和各种倡导团体要求重新审理此案,一些州也加入了对这一决定提出质疑的行列。这些贸易组织的成员包括亚马逊、微软、Facebook和谷歌母公司Alphabet。


上诉法院在其10月份的裁决中还裁定,FCC宣布各州不能通过自己的网络中立法,这超出了它的法律权限。


它要求该机构对2017年废除的规定的某些方面进行审查,包括对公共安全的影响,以及该决定将如何影响针对低收入用户的政府补贴计划。


2017年美国联邦通信委员会(FCC)以3票赞成、2票反对的投票结果,授权互联网服务提供商彻底改变美国人使用互联网的方式,前提是它们披露相关变化。新规于2018年6月生效,但互联网服务提供商尚未改变用户上网方式。


今年4月,民主党控制的美国众议院投票决定恢复网络中立保护,但共和党控制的参议院没有考虑这项措施。

 

A US appeals court said late on Thursday that it will not reconsider an October ruling that largely upheld the repeal of landmark net neutrality rules, rejecting requests by more than a dozen US states and tech groups, Reuters reports. 

The Federal Communications Commission in December 2017 reversed Obama-era rules prohibiting internet service providers (ISPs) from blocking or throttling traffic, or offering paid fast lanes, a blow to large tech companies and consumer groups that had championed net neutrality.

In orders issued Thursday, the full US Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia declined without comment to rehear the decision as did the three-judge panel that issued the ruling in October, the report said.

The decision marks a win for FCC Chairman Ajit Pai who proposed and has championed the repeal. 

In petitions filed in December, the Computer & Communications Industry Association, internet trade group INCOMPAS and various advocacy groups had asked for the rehearing and were joined by states that had also challenged the decision. Members of the trade groups include Amazon, Microsoft, Facebook and Google parent Alphabet.

The appeals court, in its October decision, also ruled the FCC overstepped its legal authority when it declared that states cannot pass their own net neutrality laws.

It ordered the agency to review some aspects of its 2017 repeal of the rules, including public safety implications and how its decision will impact a government subsidy program for low-income users.

The 2017 FCC 3-2 vote handed internet providers sweeping powers to recast how Americans use the internet, as long as they disclose changes. The new rules took effect in June 2018 but ISPs have yet to change how users access the internet.

In April, the Democratic-controlled US House of Representatives voted to reinstate net neutrality protections, but the measure was not considered by the Republican-controlled Senate.

 

来自: ejinsight