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Coinbase认为,比特币的价值储存优于黄金

2020-2-10 11:42

 

该公司的一篇新博客文章称,比特币比黄金有很多优势。


加密货币交易所Coinbase在一篇新的媒体文章中总结道:“比特币是一种价值储存手段,可以在数字时代与黄金相匹敌。”这让黄金和比特币都成为了“法定货币贬值的避风港,而法定货币贬值在历史上往往是由飙升的政府债务引发的。”


这篇题为《数字稀缺性和比特币减半》(Digital Scarcity, and Bitcoin hal)的帖子承诺,比特币的稀缺性保证了它在世界经济中的地位。“黄金可预测的供应量、基本的稀缺性和全球市场使其成为相对法定货币的稳定价值储存手段。文章作者Mike Co写道。他认为,黄金能做的任何事情,比特币都能做得更好。


Co引用比特币的创造者中本聪(Satoshi Nakamoto)的话写道:“试想一下,有一种和黄金一样稀有的贱金属,它有一种特殊的属性:可以通过通信渠道运输。”如果你在脑海中想象出了一个比特币的图像,那么你就走对了路。


比特币稀缺和减半


这是因为比特币的稀缺性被写进了它里面。比特币的供应量是有限的——最终的比特币将在2140年铸造出来——而即将到来的“减半”将证明比特币的稀缺性。“减半”是比特币货币政策的一个特征,它被硬编码到比特币协议中,将在2020年5月中旬的某个时候将区块奖励减半。


这将是比特币的第三次减半——大约每四年一次。减半后,每10分钟将铸造6.25枚新比特币;对于下一轮减半是否会推高比特币的价格,还是它已经被计入了价格,人们意见不一。


当Coinbase的价格开始上涨(1月份上涨了约30%)时,将价格减半多少是Coinbase宣扬比特币奇迹的一个借口。除了它的稀缺性,以下是Coinbase的理由,简而言之,它更喜欢比特币而不是黄金:


审核性:尽管核实金戒指的纯度是“昂贵和困难的”,但比特币节点“确保能够独立核实收到的任何比特币,以及整个历史账簿。”最基本的电脑——甚至一些智能手机——都可以运行比特币节点。

 

向世界各地发送比特币很便宜:Coinbase引用了一笔价值超过10亿美元的比特币交易,网络费用约为700美元。“在国际上运送等量黄金的成本将会过高,需要装甲运输和保险。比特币也可以随身携带:记住你的12个关键字,它就是你的。

 

它是匿名的,你不需要亲自去交易它。

 

它是可分割的:“不像金子,需要熔化……你可以拥有或发送一小部分比特币,也可以一次发送数千比特币。”


这样的营销让比特币显得不可抗拒,也让它免受大而坏的政府的诱惑,因为后者的央行有能力不计后果地肆意印钞。正如Coinbase所指出的,新的货币供应并不是一个神奇地创造更多资源的解决方案。


Coinbase写道:“印钞对所有公民都有隐性成本,因为新的供应会稀释现有库存的价值。”其结果是推高了黄金的历史需求,尤其是在经济不确定性加剧的时期。“在困难时期,印钞的诱惑总是最大的,”Coinbase补充道。当然,除非中本聪(Satoshi Nakamoto)回来大肆消费,否则不会有人向市场注入大量新比特币。


Bitcoin has numerous advantages to gold, reads a new blog post on the company’s Medium page.

 

“Bitcoin is a store of value to rival gold in the digital age,” concludes a new Medium post by the cryptocurrency exchange Coinbase, making both gold and Bitcoin “safe havens from fiat currency devaluation, which historically tends to be incited by surging government debt.”

 

The post, “Digital Scarcity, and Bitcoin Halvings,” promises that Bitcoin’s place in the world economy is secured by its scarcity. “Gold’s predictable supply, elemental scarcity, and global market has allowed it to become a stable store of value against fiat currency.” wrote “Mike Co”, the post’s author. And anything gold can do, Bitcoin can do better, he argued.

 

“Imagine for a moment that there was a base metal as scarce as gold with one special property: [It] can be transported over a communications channel,” wrote Co, citing Bitcoin’s creator, Satoshi Nakamoto. If you’ve conjured up an image of a Bitcoin in your mind’s eye, you’re on the right track.

 

Bitcoin scarcity and the halving

 

That’s because Bitcoin’s scarcity is written into it. There are a finite supply of Bitcoins—the final Bitcoin will be minted into existence in 2140—and scarcity is proven by the upcoming “halving”, a feature of Bitcoin’s monetary policy, hardcoded into its protocol, that will cut the block reward in half at some point around the middle of May, 2020.

 

This will be Bitcoin’s third halving—it takes place around every four years. Following the halving, 6.25 new Bitcoins will be minted every ten minutes; opinions are divided as to whether the next halving will drive the price of Bitcoin up or whether it’s already priced in.

 

The halving is somewhat of an excuse for Coinbase to proclaim the wonders of Bitcoin as its price starts to rise (it rose around 30% in January). In addition to its scarcity, here’s Coinbase’s reasoning, in brief, for its preference for Bitcoin over gold:

 

    Auditability: whereas verifying the purity of a gold ring is “expensive and difficult”, Bitcoin nodes “ensure the ability to independently verify any Bitcoins received, as well as the entire historical ledger.” The most basic computers—or even some smartphones—can run a Bitcoin node.


    It’s cheap to send around the world: Coinbase cites a Bitcoin transaction worth over $1 billion that cost around $700 in network fees. “The cost to internationally send an equal amount of gold would be exorbitant, requiring armored transport and insurance.” Bitcoin’s portable, too: remember your twelve word keyphrase, and it’s yours.


    It’s anonymous, and you don’t need to be physically present to trade it. 


    It’s divisible: “Unlike gold, which needs to be melted down...You can own or send a fraction of a Bitcoin, as well as thousands of Bitcoin at a time.”

 

Such marketing makes Bitcoin seem irresistible, and tantalisingly secure against big, bad government, whose central banks are capable of printing new money with reckless abandon. As Coinbase points out, new money supply is not a solution that magically creates more resources.

 

“Printing money has a hidden cost for all citizens, as new supply dilutes the value of existing stock,” wrote Coinbase. The result is to drive up historical demand for gold, especially in times of heightened economic uncertainty. “In times of trouble, the temptation to print money is always highest,” Coinbase added. No risk of anyone flooding the market with new Bitcoins, unless Satoshi Nakamoto comes back and goes on a spending spree, of course.

 

来自: decrypt