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美国交通部资助区块链研究

2020-2-10 11:53

 

美国联邦公路管理局(FHWA)是美国运输部的一个部门,它正在资助对区块链的研究,以彻底改革公路管理。任何一家能够在2020年3月20日前提交公路工程“革命性”改造方案的公司,都可以争取到最高400万美元的资金。


FHWA正在对区块链的几个用例进行调查,这是其探索性高级研究项目发布的一个广泛的机构公告的一部分。拟议的研究主题包括车辆对车辆和车辆对基础设施应用的安全证书管理,以及高速公路定价,该机构寻求“动态和基于拍卖的机制”。


作为移动开放区块链倡议(MOBI)的一部分,私营部门已经在探索这一领域。MOBI目前正在实地测试区块链车辆识别系统,该系统可以记录服务历史和区块链上的所有权,从而实现高速公路通行费和停车费的自动支付。

 

使用区块链技术监督货运路线


FHWA的广泛机构公告也在寻求与货运数据管理相关的基于区块链的提案。具体来说,FHWA正在寻找可以通过匿名数据来提高安全性的项目,这些数据围绕着取货、转移和交付货物的路线和时间。


毫无疑问,在交通领域,区块链可以证明是有益的。利用区块链的不可变的分类账来跟踪和保护商品和服务不仅降低了成本,而且可以提高可跟踪性、安全性和效率。例如,在加拿大,沃尔玛在2019年底向70家卡车运输合作伙伴推出了基于区块链的货运和支付网络。


FHWA并不是唯一关注区块链的全国性机构。澳大利亚工业、科学和技术部发布了一份区块链路线图,详细介绍了该国基础设施的大规模重组。澳大利亚的区块链计划希望创造一个价值1750亿美元(2594亿澳元)的产业。

 

The Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)—a division of the US Department of Transportation—is funding research into blockchain to overhaul highway administration. Funding up to $4 million is up for grabs to any company that can deliver proposals for a "revolutionary" transformation of highway engineering by the March 20, 2020 deadline.

 

The FHWA is investigating blockchain for several use cases as part of a Broad Agency Announcement issued by its Exploratory Advanced Research Program. Proposed research topics include secure certificate management for vehicle-to-vehicle and vehicle-to-infrastructure applications, and highway pricing—with the agency seeking "dynamic and auction-based mechanisms."

 

The private sector is already exploring this area as part of the Mobility Open Blockchain Initiative (MOBI), a collective of five leading car manufacturers including BMW and Ford. MOBI is currently field testing a blockchain vehicle ID system that would record service history and ownership on the blockchain, enabling automated payment of highway tolls and parking charges.


Routing freight with blockchain

 

The FHWA’s Broad Agency Announcement is also seeking blockchain-based proposals relating to freight data management. Specifically, the FHWA is looking for projects that can improve security by anonymizing data around routing and timing for the pickup, transfer, and delivery of goods.

 

Transport is undoubtedly an area in which blockchain can prove beneficial. Harnessing blockchain's immutable ledger to track and secure goods and services not only slashes costs but can heighten traceability, security, and efficiency. In Canada, for example, Walmart rolled out a blockchain-based freight and payment network to 70 trucking partners in late 2019.

 

The FHWA isn't the only national agency sniffing around blockchain. Australia's ministry for industry, science, and technology has released a blockchain roadmap detailing a mass restructuring of the country's infrastructure. Australia's drive toward blockchain inclusion hopes to produce a sector worth $175 billion (AUD 259.4 billion).

 

来自: decrypt