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塔塔钢铁将在欧洲裁员

2020-3-13 14:41

 

路透社(Reuters)看到的一份泄露的备忘录显示,印度跨国钢铁制造公司塔塔钢铁(Tata Steel)总部位于伦敦的子公司塔塔钢铁欧洲公司(Tata Steel Europe)计划裁减1250个欧洲员工。


该公司首席执行官亨里克•亚当(Henrik Adam)在内部通报中表示,由于“挑战性环境”和“迫切需要提高盈利能力”,裁员必须合理化。


路透社援引他的话说:“我们的财务状况很严重,当务之急是改善业务表现和现金状况。”


塔塔钢铁欧洲公司(Tata Steel Europe)的前身是哥鲁氏集团(Corus Group),其大部分欧洲业务位于英国和荷兰。该公司在英国的主要工厂位于南威尔士的塔尔伯特港(Port Talbot),这里是英国最大的钢铁厂。


亚当写道:“鉴于我们目前面临的非常具有挑战性的环境,拟议中的计划旨在确保我们公司的未来,并为我们的员工做最好的事情。”


1999年,Koninklijke Hoogovens与英国钢铁公司合并,成立了哥鲁氏集团。当时,该公司是富时100指数(FTSE 100)的成分股。


塔塔钢铁(Tata Steel)在2007年收购了哥鲁氏集团(Corus Group),随后在2016年将英国蒂赛德(Teesside)地区和斯肯索普(Scunthorpe)的工厂出售给格雷布尔资本(Greybull Capital),并更名为英国钢铁(British Steel)。该公司本周被出售给中国的精业集团,据报道,这笔交易将带来巨额投资,并挽救3000多个工作岗位。


塔塔欧洲公司的内部备忘录还说,公司也将不再替换离开公司的员工。


然而,失业并不像人们最初担心的那么严重。去年11月,该公司表示,预计将裁减3000名欧洲员工。英国广播公司表示,修订后的数字意味着英国可能会失去不到500个工作岗位,而不是人们担心的1000个。


亚当表示:“虽然我们能够将对现有员工的影响降到最低,这是个好消息,但我们需要迅速取得进展,以确保业务的未来。”


备忘录称,在2019/20财年的前9个月,塔塔扣除利息、税项、折旧和摊销前的利润减少了7,600万英镑(约合9,700万美元)。


英国联合工会呼吁进行紧急会谈,讨论目前的局势。


Unite的塔塔代表托尼•布雷迪(Tony Brady)表示,该公司管理层应该“扭转多年投资不足的局面”,从而改善前景。


他向英国《金融时报》表示:“我们只是希望得到在英国投资的承诺。”“我们希望钢铁制造业继续留在英国。”


英国《金融时报》表示,塔尔伯特港(Port Talbot)工厂的工人“已经忍受了多年的不确定性”,而目前原材料成本高企、制造业放缓以及新型冠状病毒(coronavirus)疫情的影响,又加剧了这种不确定性。该报还说,从中国进口的相对便宜的钢材使该公司难以竞争。


塔塔欧洲在英国的工厂包括:Caerphilly、新港的Llanwern、塔尔伯特港、Llanelli的Trostre和Deeside的Shotton。

 

Tata Steel Europe, the London-headquartered arm of the Indian multinational steelmaking company Tata Steel, plans to chop 1,250 jobs from its European workforce, according to a leaked memo seen by the Reuters news agency.

 

The internal communication from Chief Executive Officer Henrik Adam says the jobs must go in a rationalization triggered by "challenging circumstances" and the need to "urgently improve profitability".

 

"Our financial situation is serious and there's an urgent priority to improve the performance of the business and our cash position," Reuters quoted him as saying.

 

Tata Steel Europe, which was formerly known as Corus Group, has most of its European operations in the United Kingdom and the Netherlands. The company's main UK plant is in Port Talbot, South Wales, which is the UK's largest steelworks.

 

"The proposed plans aim to secure the future of our company and do what's best for our employees, given the very challenging circumstances we're currently facing," Adam wrote.

 

Corus Group was formed when Koninklijke Hoogovens and British Steel merged in 1999. At the time, the company was a member of the FTSE 100 Index.

 

Tata Steel bought Corus Group in 2007 and subsequently sold plants in England's Teesside region and in Scunthorpe to Greybull Capital in 2016 that were rebranded as British Steel. That company was sold to China's Jingye Group this week in a deal that will reportedly result in massive investment and save more than 3,000 jobs.

 

The internal Tata Europe memo also says the company will also no longer replace employees who leave the company.

 

However, the job losses are not as bad as first feared. In November, the company said it expected to lay off 3,000 European workers. The BBC said the revised number means fewer than 500 jobs may be lost in the UK, instead of the 1,000 feared.

 

"Although it's good news that we are able to minimize the impact on our current employees, we need to progress with speed to secure the future for the business," Adam said.

 

The memo said Tata lost 76 million pounds ($97 million) in earnings before interest, tax, depreciation, and amortization in the first nine months of the 2019/20 financial year.

 

Britain's Unite union called for urgent talks to discuss the situation.

 

Tony Brady, Unite's Tata representative, said the company's management should improve prospects by "reversing years of underinvestment".

 

"We just want commitments on investment in the UK," he told the Financial Times. "We want to keep steelmaking in the UK."

 

The Financial Times said workers at the Port Talbot plant "have endured years of uncertainty" that have been added to by the current high cost of raw materials, a manufacturing slowdown, and fallout from the novel coronavirus outbreak. The paper also said relatively cheap steel imported from China has made it hard for the company to compete.

 

Tata Europe's UK sites include Caerphilly, Llanwern in Newport, Port Talbot, Trostre in Llanelli, and Shotton in Deeside.

 

原作者: EARLE GALE 来自: china daily