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以色列港口管理局与Zim试行提单区块链

2020-3-13 15:56

 

监管以色列海港的国有机构以色列港口公司(IPC)表示,它已经完成了提单的区块链试点。IPC表示,它能够为参与者节省时间和金钱,同时安全地共享记录,降低了欺诈的风险。


提单是承运人签发给托运人的法律文件,它详细说明了正在转运的货物的内容。进口商需要在港口提交文件才能将货物从海关放行。目前,整个流程都是纸质的,通过快递发送文件,这带来了效率低下和欺诈的空间。


IPC表示,它的区块链解决方案创建了一个公共数据库,航运参与者可以看到交易过程。提单也是货物的收据,是银行提供的信用证融资的重要单据。


“我们努力推动每一个技术,旨在简化和改善服务,造福所有服务提供者和接受者在港口,包括提单的领域——在这一领域,是一个重要的需要效率和客户保护,“说什洛莫Briman, IPC的首席执行官。


IPC表示,该项目是作为其国际港口社区系统协会(IPCSA)成员的一部分进行的。试点涉及航运公司Zim,该公司向出口商签发了提单,然后通过Demco物流将提单转交给乌克兰的一个进口商。区块链系统在跟踪货物的物流状态的同时跟踪提单的持有情况。


Zim是以色列最大的集装箱托运人,它有自己的电子提单交易区块链解决方案。该公司曾与Sparx物流和提单区块链提供商Wave合作开展试点项目。


与此同时,Zim也是由IBM和马士基开发的TradeLens区块链运输平台的一部分。TradeLens的目标是将航运业数字化,而不仅仅是提单方面,拥有广泛的托运人、物流公司、港口、码头、海关和其他机构网络。


另一个引人注目的集装箱倡议是全球航运商业网络(GSBN)联盟。由物流技术公司CargoSmart开发的GSBN参与者包括CMA CGM、中远海运、中远海运港口和Hapag-Lloyd等。

 

Israel Ports Company (IPC), the state-owned body which supervises and regulates Israel’s seaports, said it completed a blockchain pilot for bills of lading. IPC said it was able to save time and money for participants, along with securely sharing records reducing the risk of fraud. 

A bill of lading is a legal document issued by a carrier to the shipper detailing the contents of cargo being transferred. An importer needs to submit the document at the port to release the goods from customs. Currently, the whole process is based on paper and sending documents via courier, which introduces inefficiencies and scope for fraud. 

IPC said its blockchain solution created a common database with shipping participants able to see the transaction process. The bill of lading also serves as a shipment receipt and is a key document in Letter of Credit financing supplied by banks.

“We work to advance every technology that aims to streamline and improve service for the benefit of all service providers and recipients in ports, including the field of bill of lading — an area where there is a significant need for efficiency and customer protection,” said Shlomo Briman, CEO of IPC.

IPC said the project was carried out as part of its membership of the International Port Community Systems Association (IPCSA). The pilot involved shipping company Zim, which issued the bill of lading to the exporter, which was transferred via Demco Logistics to an importer in Ukraine. The blockchain system tracked the possession of the bill of lading in parallel to the logistics status of the cargo. 

Zim, Israel’s largest container shipper, has its own blockchain solution for the electronic bill of lading transactions. The company has previously carried out pilot projects in collaboration with Sparx Logistics and bill of lading blockchain provider Wave. 

Meanwhile, Zim is also part of the TradeLens blockchain shipping platform, developed by IBM and Maersk. TradeLens aims to digitize the shipping industry, not merely the bill of lading aspect and boasts an extensive network of shippers, logistics firms, ports, terminals, customs, and other agencies. 

Another high-profile container initiative is the Global Shipping Business Network (GSBN) consortium. Developed by logistics tech firm CargoSmart, GSBN participants include CMA CGM, COSCO SHIPPING LINES, COSCO SHIPPING Ports and Hapag-Lloyd, among others.

 

来自: Ledger Insights