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中国向意大利提供物资

2020-3-16 12:30

周三,一名工人在浙江省杭州萧山国际机场装载救灾物资前往意大利。这些材料是由全省各地的人捐赠的。王建龙为《中国日报》撰稿


在意大利,由于冠状病毒的爆发,一些医疗物资已经所剩无几,人们表达了对中国援助的感激之情。


据美联社(Associated Press)报道,意大利是继中国之后疫情最严重的国家,自2月21日爆发以来,已有1400多人死于19日的致命病例,确诊病例超过2.1万例。


中国向意大利运送了包括口罩和呼吸器在内的医疗物资,以帮助意大利应对日益严重的危机。


“在这个压力很大、困难很大的时刻,我们对物资的到来感到欣慰。的确,这只会暂时有所帮助,但它仍然很重要,”意大利红十字会主席弗朗切斯科·罗卡(Francesco Rocca)说。


“我们现在急需这些面具。我们需要呼吸器(捐赠给政府)。这对我们国家来说无疑是一笔非常重要的捐赠。”罗卡补充道。


周四晚间,由中国红十字会(Red Cross Society of China)组织的一个由九名中国医务工作者组成的团队,连同大约30吨设备抵达了罗马。


国家卫生健康委员会国际合作部的工作组成员陆明说:“降低死亡率是疾病控制的首要任务,尤其是考虑到我们正在应对一种新出现的病毒。”因此,我们已派遣最能干的专家前往意大利治疗严重和危急的病例。


中国国际广播电台援引卢的话说:“我们愿意与意大利人分享来之不易的诊断和治疗指南,我们也希望我们的意大利同事能够对感染病例实施适当的隔离和一般的疫情控制措施。”


“我们还运送了中国康复病人的血浆和血液制品,”卢补充道。在感染患者中使用这种血浆灌注被认为是一种有效的治疗方法。


据路透社报道,意大利的疫情有可能使该国的医院不堪重负,一些关键的供应品已经所剩无几。


意大利高级商业顾问伊娃·达尔·波佐在接受新华社采访时表示:“我非常感谢中国的友好姿态。”她说,这批货物至关重要,因为美国的工厂没有足够的生产能力。


路透社(Reuters)报道称,意大利在欧盟(European Union)的合作伙伴都没有回应罗马的医疗物资援助请求,因为它们希望保护自己的口罩和其他设备供应。


来自中国的援助包括9个托盘,装载着数万个口罩、呼吸材料、心电图仪和其他医疗用品。


欧盟事务高级顾问Cinzia帕斯夸莱住在伦巴第,新华社援引说,“看到中国已经爆发在武汉,我个人非常有信心的贡献,中国医务人员将英雄的意大利医生已经被这卫生紧急状态”。


与此同时,意大利关闭了除食品店和药店外的所有商店,这是欧洲迄今为止最严厉的一次封锁,因为病毒死亡和病例继续上升。


意大利在3月9日实施了全国范围的封锁,此前一天该国北部大片地区实施了隔离措施。


泰国总理孔戴(Giuseppe Conte)表示,收紧限制的影响还需要几周时间才能显现。


“我们正面临着一个紧急情况,一个全国性的紧急情况,”他在宣布新限制措施的电视讲话中说。“我们必须限制病毒的传播,防止我们的医院人满为患。”


所有宗教、文化和体育赛事暂停,游船不得停靠意大利港口。预计这些限制将持续到4月3日。


意大利前文化部长马西莫布雷(Massimo Bray)在社交媒体上表示,中国在困难时期提供的医疗材料和专业知识是“巨大的支持”。


意大利人也在社交媒体上表达了对中国医疗援助和专家的感谢。


与此同时,世界卫生组织总干事泰德罗斯·阿德哈诺姆·盖布雷耶苏斯表示,意大利在全球抗击埃博拉病毒的斗争中做出了“真正的牺牲”。


世界卫生组织在一份声明中表示,“允许病毒不受控制地传播不应该是任何政府的选择,因为这不仅会伤害该国公民,还会影响其他国家。”

 

A worker loads disaster-relief materials bound for Italy at Hangzhou Xiaoshan International Airport in Zhejiang province on Wednesday. The materials were donated by people from throughout the province. WANG JIANLONG/FOR CHINA DAILY

People in Italy, where some medical supplies are running low due to the coronavirus outbreak, have expressed their appreciation for China's help after a planeload of needed supplies arrived.

Italy is now the hardest-hit nation after China, with more than 1,400 deaths from COVID-19 and over 21,000 confirmed cases since the outbreak began there on Feb 21, according to the Associated Press.

China delivered the planeload of medical supplies, including masks and respirators, to Italy to help it deal with its growing crisis.

"In this moment of great stress, of great difficulty, we are relieved to have this arrival of supplies. It is true that it will help only temporarily, but it is still important," said the head of the Italian Red Cross, Francesco Rocca.

"We have a desperate need for these masks right now. We need respirators (that will be donated to the government). This is for sure a really important donation for our country," Rocca added.

A team of nine Chinese medical workers arrived in Rome late on Thursday, along with about 30 metric tons of equipment, on a flight organized by the Red Cross Society of China.

Lu Ming, a member of the team who also works with the National Health Commission's international cooperation department, said: "To bring down the mortality rate is a priority in disease control, especially given that we're coping with an emerging virus. So we have dispatched the most competent experts in treating severe and critical cases to Italy.

"We're willing to share hard-won diagnosis and treatment guidelines with Italians, and we also hope that our Italian colleagues will be able to enforce proper quarantine of infected cases and general epidemic control measures," Lu was quoting by China Radio International as saying.

"We have also carried plasma and blood products from recovered Chinese patients," Lu added. Using such infusions of blood plasma in infected patients is believed to be an effective therapeutic approach.

Italy's outbreak risks overwhelming the nation's hospitals, and some key supplies are running low, Reuters reported.

"I appreciate a lot this lovely gesture from China," Eva Dal Pozzo, a senior business consultant in Italy, told Xinhua News Agency. She described the shipment as vital, since the nation's factories do not have sufficient production capacity.

Reuters reported that none of Italy's partners in the European Union responded to Rome's requests for help with medical supplies as they looked to protect their own supplies of masks and other equipment.

The aid from China included nine pallets loaded with tens of thousands of masks, respiratory materials, electrocardiographs and other medical supplies.

Cinzia Pasquale, a senior consultant on European Union affairs living in Lombardy, was quoted by Xinhua as saying, "Seeing how China has managed the outbreak in Wuhan, I am personally very confident of the contribution that the Chinese medical staff will make to the heroic Italian doctors who have been overwhelmed by this health emergency."

Meanwhile, Italy has closed all shops except food stores and pharmacies in Europe's toughest lockdown yet as virus deaths and cases continued to rise.

Italy imposed a nationwide lockdown on March 9, a day after quarantine measures were imposed on a large northern area of the nation.

Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte said the impact of the tightened restrictions would still take another couple of weeks to show.

"We are facing an emergency, a national emergency," he said in a televised address to announce the new restrictions. "We have to limit the spread of the virus and prevent our hospitals from being overwhelmed."

All religious, cultural and sporting events were suspended, and cruise ships are not allowed to dock at Italian ports. The restrictions are expected to remain in place until April 3.

Massimo Bray, a former Italian culture minister, said on social media that China's provision of medical material and expertise was a "great support" at a difficult time.

Italians have also taken to social media to express their gratitude for the arrival of the Chinese medical aid and expertise.

Meanwhile, World Health Organization Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus said Italy was making "genuine sacrifices" in the global fight against the virus.

The WHO said in a statement, "Allowing uncontrolled spread should not be a choice of any government, as it will harm not only the citizens of that country but affect other countries as well."

 

原作者: JONATHAN POWELL 来自: china daily