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美联储将利率降至近零

2020-3-16 12:32

在这张摄于2020年3月1日的图片中,一根标有冠状病毒的试管被放置在美元钞票上。【图片/机构】


美国国务院国际信息局《美国参考》从华盛顿报道,美国联邦储备委员会(美联储,fed)周日将基准利率下调一个百分点,至接近于零的水平,并将增加至少7000亿美元的债券持有量,以应对对冠状病毒爆发的日益加剧的担忧。


美联储在一次紧急政策会议后发表声明称,"冠状病毒疫情已对包括美国在内的许多国家的社会和经济活动造成损害,"并称全球金融状况也受到"重大影响"。


美联储指出,这种冠状病毒的影响将在短期内对美国经济活动构成“压力”,并对经济前景构成风险。因此,联邦公开市场委员会(FOMC)决定将联邦基金利率的目标区间降至0- 0.25%。


美联储表示:“委员会预计将维持这一目标区间,直到它确信,美国经济经受住了近期事件的考验,并有望实现其最大就业和物价稳定目标。”


美联储还表示,未来几个月将增持至少5,000亿美元美国国债,增持至少2,000亿美元机构抵押贷款支持证券。


美联储表示:“美联储准备利用其所有工具,支持信贷流向家庭和企业,从而促进实现其最大就业和价格稳定目标。”


不到两周前,美联储将利率下调了0.5个百分点,这一紧急举措未能安抚紧张的投资者,因为冠状病毒的爆发对经济活动构成了“不断演变的风险”。


《华尔街日报》(The Wall Street Journal)最近对约55名商业和学术经济学家进行了调查,他们预计,平均而言,受艾滋病影响,美国第二季度国内生产总值(GDP)折合成年率将收缩0.1%。


调查显示,这大大低于2月份时的预测,当时这些经济学家预计美国4月至6月的国内生产总值(GDP)增长率为1.9%。


均富会计师事务所(Grant Thornton)首席经济学家戴安•斯旺克(Diane Swonk)表示,美联储的最新举措“非常重要”,将有助于缓解信贷市场状况。


Swonk周日在推特上发文称:“关键是要让公司和消费者在受covid19污染的水域中,在健康危机和偿付能力的双重打击下免于破产。”“这不是一场银行业危机,而是一场健康危机,我们可以防止它演变成一场金融危机。”

 

A test tube labelled with the coronavirus is placed on US dollar banknotes, in this illustration taken on March 1, 2020. [Photo/Agencies]

 

WASHINGTON -- The US Federal Reserve on Sunday cut its benchmark interest rate by a full percentage point to near zero and will increase its bond holdings by at least $700 billion amid mounting fears over the coronavirus outbreak.

 

"The coronavirus outbreak has harmed communities and disrupted economic activity in many countries, including the United States," the Fed said in a statement after an emergency policy meeting, adding global financial conditions have also been "significantly affected."

 

The central bank noted that the effects of the coronavirus will "weigh on" US economic activity in the near term and pose risks to the economic outlook. Therefore, the Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC), the Fed's policy-making committee, decided to lower the target range for the federal funds rate to 0-0.25 percent.

 

"The Committee expects to maintain this target range until it is confident that the economy has weathered recent events and is on track to achieve its maximum employment and price stability goals," said the Fed.

 

The Fed also said that it will increase its holdings of Treasury securities by at least $500 billion and its holdings of agency mortgage-backed securities by at least $200 billion over coming months.

 

"The Federal Reserve is prepared to use its full range of tools to support the flow of credit to households and businesses and thereby promote its maximum employment and price stability goals," the central bank said.

 

The Fed's latest action came less than two weeks after it slashed rates by a half percentage point in an emergency move that failed to reassure nervous investors, as the coronavirus outbreak has posed "evolving risks" to economic activity.

 

About 55 business and academic economists recently polled by The Wall Street Journal expect, on average, US gross domestic product (GDP) to contract at an annual rate of 0.1 percent in the second quarter due to the epidemic.

 

That is a large downgrade from forecasts in February, when those economists expected US GDP growth of 1.9 percent from April to June, the poll showed.

 

Diane Swonk, chief economist at Grant Thornton, a major accounting firm, said the Fed's latest action is "so important" and will help ease credit market conditions.

 

"The key is to keep companies and consumer sideswiped by a health crisis afloat and solvent in #COVID19-tainted waters," Swonk tweeted Sunday. "This isn't a banking crisis -- it is a health crisis that we can prevent from militating into a financial crisis."

 

来自: xinhua