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在比特币疯狂的一周中,加密网络经受了压力测试

2020-3-16 12:55

 

加密估值并不是本周股市崩盘的唯一受害者;加密网络也感受到了压力。随着onchain活动因市场萧条而增加,BTC和ETH连锁店的费用飙升,mempool也被填满了。然而,尽管混乱不堪,其他密码网络却运行得很顺利。


Mempool在比特币一年中最动荡的一天被填满


随着比特币在“黑色星期四”(Black Thursday)贬值50%,交易员们纷纷将比特币从冷库中取出,在加密交易平台上换成马房。网络活动的增加推动了BTC和ETH费用的激增,在3月12日至13日显著高于平常。


周四,Ethereum的油价超过了3.70美元,而比特币的mempool有足够的交易,可以填满30多个街区。两家公司的网络拥塞已经缓解,ETH的汽油价格回到2美分多一点,mempool从3月12日高峰时的12万笔未经确认的交易下降到截至发稿时的每日平均7万笔。与此同时,3月13日1-2块数据包含的BTC费用上升到75 sats/字节,现在下降到约60sats/字节,仍然是每周平均水平的两倍多。


比特币现金和Dogecoin网络仍在运行


尽管资金流入和流出都有所增加,但整个一周,比特币现金的费用一直保持在低位。截至发稿时,如果以美元计算交易费用,BCH网络比BTC便宜1420倍。3月12日,超过18000笔BCH交易被发送出去,第二天随着市场开始升温,交易量上升到2万笔。


Dogecoin这一周表现不错,表现得很好,而其他大多数加密软件则减少了50%。Dogecoin交易量的增长似乎是对BTC和ETH费用上涨的回应,促使交易员使用DOGE在交易所之间转移价值,就像2017年加密市场朝着相反方向剧烈波动的情况一样。3月10日,DOGE的onchain交易量达到33K笔的峰值,过去24小时内的交易量为29K笔,中间价仅为0.00168美元。


将所有可测量的加密网络的交易费用中位数进行比较,BTC是最昂贵的,为0.117美元,其次是Lisk(0.0836美元)和Ethereum(0.0409美元)。根据梅萨里的说法,比特币现金(0.000831美元)和Dogecoin(0.00169美元)是最便宜的两种。在所有需要交易的网络中,最便宜的是那些相对集中的、没有使用工作证明的网络:Stellar(0.000000385美元)和Ripple(0.00000183美元)。恐慌性销售并不是密码学支持者所想的那种大规模采用。然而,它已经证明了一个很好的测试,即当事情变得棘手时,加密网络如何保持。

 

Crypto valuations haven’t been the only casualties of this week’s market crash; crypto networks have also felt the strain. As onchain activity has ramped up in response to the market slump, fees have soared and the mempool filled on the BTC and ETH chains. Other crypto networks have operated smoothly, however, despite the pandemonium.

 

Mempool Fills on Bitcoin’s Most Volatile Day in a Year

 

As bitcoin lost 50% of its value on Black Thursday, traders rushed to move coins out of cold storage and swap them for stablecoins on crypto exchanges. The increased network activity fueled a surge in BTC and ETH fees, which were significantly higher than usual on March 12-13.

 

On Thursday, gas prices passed $3.70 on Ethereum, while Bitcoin’s mempool was backed up with enough transactions to fill over 30 blocks. The congestion on both networks has since abated, with ETH gas prices back to just over 2 cents and the mempool down from 120,000 unconfirmed transactions on its March 12 peak to the daily average of 70,000 at press time. BTC fees, meanwhile, which rose to 75 sats/byte for 1-2 block inclusion on March 13, are down to ~60sats/byte, which is still more than double their weekly average.

 

Bitcoin Cash and Dogecoin Networks Keep Ticking Over

 

Fees on Bitcoin Cash have remained low all week, despite the increase in exchange inflows and outflows. At press time, the BCH network is 1,420x cheaper than BTC when transaction fees are compared in USD. Over 18,000 BCH transactions were sent on March 12, rising to 20K the following day as the markets began to heat up.

 

Dogecoin has had a good week, holding up well as most other cryptos were shedding 50%. Dogecoin’s increased trade volume appears to have been in response to rising BTC and ETH fees, prompting traders to use DOGE to transfer value between exchanges, as was the case in 2017 when the crypto market was making violent moves in the opposite direction. On March 10, DOGE peaked at 33K onchain transactions, and has recorded 29K transactions in the last 24 hours, with a median fee of just $0.00168.

 

When the median fee for transacting on all measurable crypto networks is compared, BTC is the most expensive, at $0.117, followed by Lisk ($0.0836) and then Ethereum ($0.0409). Bitcoin Cash ($0.000831) and Dogecoin ($0.00169) are two of the cheapest according to Messari. The cheapest networks of all to transact on are the relatively centralized chains that do not utilize Proof of Work: Stellar ($0.000000385) and Ripple ($0.00000183). Panic selling was not the sort of mass adoption that crypto proponents had in mind. It has nevertheless proven a good test of how crypto networks hold up when the going gets tough.

 

 

来自: bitcoin