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国际卫生组织表示,美国可能成为疫情新的中心

2020-3-25 15:27

2020年3月24日,纽约,随着冠状病毒病(covid19)的持续爆发,紧急医疗技术人员穿着防护装备将患者抬上救护车。【图片/机构】


纽约——周二,纽约州的冠状病毒病例数量又一次迅速而残酷地上升,官员们竞相提供更多的医院床位,世界卫生组织表示,美国可能成为下一个全球大流行的中心。


尽管纽约市对旅行、社交和工作实施了严格的限制,但该市仍有157人死亡,约1.5万例毒品中毒19例,几乎占美国总死亡人数的三分之一。纽约市人口超过800万。


“如果你让美国人民在公共卫生和经济之间做出选择,那么这不是竞争。纽约州长安德鲁·库默在曼哈顿会议中心说,该中心将被改造成一个拥有1000个床位的临时医院。


库莫的言论是对唐纳德·特朗普总统的一种谴责。特朗普总统周二坚持要求在4月中旬之前重新开放美国经济,他说封锁应该更有针对性,以尽可能地减轻企业的痛苦。


世界卫生组织周二表示,美国有可能成为全球流感大流行的中心,并指出冠状病毒感染的“非常大的加速”。


库莫说,在疫情最严重的时候,纽约州对医院床位的需求已经上升到14万张,而此前的预测是11万张。目前只有53000个床位。


库莫说,目前纽约的感染率每3天就增加一倍,疫情最严重的时刻可能在14到21天内到来,给卫生服务带来巨大压力。


在全国范围内,COVID-19已经感染了近5万人,导致640人死亡,其中超过四分之一的死亡发生在纽约州。

 


路易斯安那州的病例激增


路易斯安那州州长约翰•贝尔•爱德华兹(John Bel Edwards)上周末在实施“在家办公”规定时表示,该州冠状病毒病例数量在世界上任何地方都是增长最快的。

 

加州州长加文·纽瑟姆(Gavin Newsom)曾警告称,这个美国人口最多的州很快也将极度缺乏医院床位。在看到冲浪者和其他人无视居家规定后,纽瑟姆关闭了该州国有海滩和公园的停车场。


伊利诺伊州州长j·b·普利兹克(J.B. Pritzker)表示,他已经告诉特朗普,他所在的州“近期需要数百万个N95口罩和数百个呼吸器”,总统承诺提供帮助。


他说:“在过去的24小时里,一些人一直在讨论,为了我们的经济利益,这个国家愿意为谁做出牺牲。嗯,如果你们有任何疑问,我不愿意牺牲任何人,”普里茨克说。


康涅狄格州州长内德·拉蒙特(Ned Lamont)表示,一夜之间,康涅狄格州的确诊病例飙升了约50%,达到618例,在未来两到三周内,感染率预计将继续上升。


拉蒙特在新闻发布会上说:“我们认为情况在好转之前可能会变得更糟,恐怕我们是对的。”


有迹象表明,在连续几天在家工作、照看学校停课的孩子以及严重减少日常活动之后,人们的神经开始变得紧张。


在布鲁克林的一个游乐场,48岁的建筑师卡罗琳·斯特劳布(Carolyn Straub)和她的家人从新的生活中抽出时间,在家里工作和上学。


“这实际上很难,”斯特劳布说。“互联网并不总是可靠的,会宕机,我们不可能在家里有四个独立的音频区。”


数以千计的自杀的

 

特朗普告诉福克斯新闻,他希望看到人们在4月中旬复活节前重返工作岗位。


他说:“我希望这个国家能够开放,并在复活节前离开。”“你会让一个国家陷入大规模的衰退或萧条,从而失去更多的人。你会失去很多人。你会有成千上万的人自杀,”他说。


不过,对这种冠状病毒不确定的发展轨迹及其造成的经济损失感到担忧的投资者表示,经济的迅速恢复可能会适得其反,导致死亡人数上升,人们害怕出门。


Merk Investments首席投资官阿克塞尔•默克(Axel Merk)表示:“市场将会做出糟糕的反应,因为他们已经认识到,这种方法行不通。”“从医学的角度来看,你必须打破指数增长,你要做的是制定适当的住房政策。”


周二,华尔街从三年来的低点反弹,道琼斯指数上涨超过8%,此前美国国会议员表示,他们已经接近达成一项大规模经济救助计划。


美国参议院的谈判代表表示,他们最早可能在周二通过2万亿美元的刺激法案,其中包括对普通美国人、小企业和受到严重影响的行业的财政援助。

 

Emergency Medical Technicians lift a patient into an ambulance while wearing protective gear, as the outbreak of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) continues, in New York City, New York, March 24, 2020. [Photo/Agencies]

 

NEW YORK - New York state suffered another quick and brutal rise in the number of coronavirus cases on Tuesday as officials raced to make more hospital beds available and the World Health Organization said the United States could become the next epicenter of the global pandemic.

 

New York City, home to more than 8 million people, had 157 deaths and some 15,000 cases of COVID-19, nearly one-third the US total on Tuesday, despite imposing strict limits on travel, socializing and work.

 

"If you ask the American people to choose between public health and the economy, then it's no contest. No American is going to say accelerate the economy at the cost of human life," New York Governor Andrew Cuomo said at a Manhattan convention center that was being converted into a 1,000-bed temporary hospital.

 

Cuomo's remarks were a rebuke to President Donald Trump, who pressed his case on Tuesday for re-opening the US economy by mid-April, saying lockdowns should be more targeted to spare businesses as much pain as possible.

 

The WHO on Tuesday said that the United States had the potential to become the global epicenter of the pandemic, citing a "very large acceleration" in coronavirus infections.

 

The expected need for hospital beds in New York state at the peak of the outbreak has spiraled to 140,000, Cuomo said, compared with 110,000 previously projected. Only 53,000 beds are said to be available now.

 

The rate of infection is now doubling every three days in New York and the worst of the outbreak, known as the apex, could arrive in 14 to 21 days, putting huge pressure on health services, Cuomo said.

 

Nationwide, COVID-19 has infected nearly 50,000 people and killed 640, with more than a quarter of the deaths in New York state.

 

Louisiana sees spike in cases

 

In Louisiana, Governor John Bel Edwards said in imposing stay-at-home rules over the weekend that his state had seen the highest spike in coronavirus cases anywhere in the world.

 

A closed sign is seen at Muscle Beach after California issued a stay-at-home order due to coronavirus disease (COVID-19) in Santa Monica, California, US, March 24, 2020. [Photo/Agencies]

California Governor Gavin Newsom, who has warned that the nation's most populous state would also soon be desperately short of hospital beds, has closed parking lots at state-owned beaches and parks after seeing surfers and others disregarding stay-at-home rules.

 

Illinois Governor J.B. Pritzker said he had told Trump his state needed "millions of N95 masks and hundreds of ventilators just in the near term" and that the president had promised help.

 

"There has been some talk over the last 24 hours by some about who this nation might be willing to sacrifice to COVID-19, for the sake of our economic interests. Well, in case there's any doubt in your minds, I'm not willing to sacrifice anyone," Pritzker said.

 

Connecticut's confirmed cases soared by about 50 percent overnight to 618, and the infection rate is expected to continue escalating for the next two or three weeks, Governor Ned Lamont said.

 

"We thought it might get worse before it gets better and I'm afraid that we are right," Lamont told a news briefing.

 

There were signs that nerves had begun fraying after days of people working from home, looking after children whose schools are shut and severely scaling back on everyday activities.

 

At a Brooklyn playground, architect Carolyn Straub, 48, and her family took a break from their new lives working and schooling from home.

 

"That's actually been hard," Straub said. "The internet is not always reliable, goes down, and it's impossible for us to have four separate audio zones in the house."

 

'Suicides by thousands'

U.S. President Donald Trump takes questions during the coronavirus response daily briefing at the White House in Washington, US, March 19, 2020. [Photo/Agencies]

Trump told Fox News he'd like to see people go back to work by Easter, in mid-April.

"I would love to have the country opened up and just raring to go by Easter," he said. "You're going to lose more people by putting a country into a massive recession or depression. You're going to lose people. You're going to have suicides by the thousands," he said.

A rapid reopening of the economy might backfire, however, with a rise in the death toll and people fearful of going out, according to investors anxious about the uncertain trajectory of the coronavirus and its economic toll.

"Markets will react badly because they have learned that this approach doesn't work," said Axel Merk, chief investment officer of Merk Investments. "From a medical point of view, you have to break the exponential growth and you do that with shelter in place policies."

On Tuesday, Wall Street snapped back from three-year lows and the Dow Jones index surged more than 8 percent after US lawmakers said they were close to a deal for a massive economic rescue package.

Negotiators in the US Senate said they could pass the $2 trillion stimulus bill, which includes financial aid for ordinary Americans, small businesses and critically affected industries, as soon as Tuesday.

 

来自: china daily