找回密码
 立即注册
首页 全球财经资讯 查看内容
  • QQ空间

联合国启动COVID-19全球人道主义应对计划

2020-3-26 14:43

图为2020年3月25日在纽约联合国总部举行的第19届全球人道主义救援行动视频会议。【图片/新华社】


联合国秘书长安东尼奥·古特雷斯周三启动了一项20亿美元的全球人道主义救援计划,以在世界上一些最脆弱的国家打击“19国集团”。


“COVID-19威胁着整个人类,因此整个人类必须反击。单个国家的反应是不够的,”古特雷斯在发布会上说,这是一个虚拟的事件。


“我们必须帮助那些极端脆弱的人——数百万最无力保护自己的人。这是一个关乎人类基本团结的问题。”


联合国负责人道主义事务的副秘书长马克·洛考克(Mark Lowcock)表示,应对计划将由联合国各机构实施,国际非政府组织(NGO)和非政府组织联盟将直接参与应对工作。


该计划将由Lowcock领导的联合国人道主义事务协调办公室进行协调。


该计划将提供必要的实验室设备来检测病毒,并提供医疗用品来治疗患者;在营地和定居点设置洗手站;开展预防宣传运动;洛考克说:“在非洲、亚洲和拉丁美洲建立空中桥梁和枢纽,把人道救援人员和物资运送到最需要的地方。”


古特雷斯说,随着COVID-19迅速覆盖全球,世界面临着前所未有的威胁。“它传播了苦难,扰乱了数十亿人的生活,危及全球经济。”


拥有强大卫生系统的富裕国家正在承受压力。现在,这种病毒正在抵达那些已经处于冲突、自然灾害和气候变化造成的人道主义危机中的国家。在这些地方,由于炸弹、暴力或洪水而被迫逃离家园的人或住在田野里的塑料布下,或挤在难民营或非正式定居点。


这些人没有可以在社会上保持距离或自我隔离的家。他们缺乏清洁的水和肥皂来做最基本的自我保护措施——洗手。古特雷斯说,如果他们病得很重,他们就没有办法获得能够提供病床和呼吸机的医疗保健系统。


他说,帮助弱势群体对抗击这种病毒至关重要。“世界的强大程度取决于我们最薄弱的卫生系统。如果我们现在不采取果断行动,我担心这种病毒将在最脆弱的国家建立立足点,使整个世界变得脆弱,因为它继续环绕地球,不顾边界。”


如果资金充足,该计划将拯救许多生命,并向人道主义机构和非政府组织提供用于检测的实验室供应品,以及用于治疗病人的医疗设备,同时保护医护人员。古特雷斯说,该计划还包括支持东道国继续向难民和流离失所者慷慨开放其家园和城镇的额外措施。


响应计划要求4.5亿美元,世界卫生组织(世卫组织)4.05亿美元,联合国儿童基金会(UNICEF)为世界粮食计划署3.5亿美元,联合国难民事务高级专员公署2.55亿美元,1.2亿美元,联合国开发计划署和联合国人口基金,1.1亿美元的粮食和农业组织,国际移民组织的1亿美元。


它要求1亿美元的非政府组织响应。


古特雷斯呼吁各国政府全力支持人道主义应对计划,他说,这对全球卫生安全来说是必要的。


这个计划在道义上势在必行,符合每个人的利益。他补充说,这是赢得与病毒战斗的关键部分。


世卫组织总干事Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus和联合国儿童基金会执行主任Henrietta Fore也通过视频电话会议参加了周三的启动仪式。

 

Photo taken on March, 25, 2020 at the United Nations headquarters in New York shows that participants attending the launch of the COVID-19 global humanitarian response plan via video teleconference. [Photo/Xinhua]

 

UNITED NATIONS - UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres on Wednesday launched a 2-billion-US-dollar global humanitarian response plan to fight COVID-19 in some of the world's most vulnerable countries.

 

"COVID-19 is menacing the whole of humanity, and so the whole of humanity must fight back. Individual country responses are not going to be enough," said Guterres at the launch, a virtual event.

 

"We must come to the aid of the ultra-vulnerable -- millions upon millions of people who are least able to protect themselves. This is a matter of basic human solidarity."

 

The response plan will be implemented by UN agencies, with international nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) and NGO consortia playing a direct role in the response, said Mark Lowcock, the UN undersecretary-general for humanitarian affairs.

 

The plan will be coordinated by the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, which Lowcock heads.

 

The plan will deliver essential laboratory equipment to test for the virus, and medical supplies to treat people; install handwashing stations in camps and settlements; launch public information campaigns on prevention; and establish airbridges and hubs across Africa, Asia and Latin America to move humanitarian workers and supplies to where they are needed most, said Lowcock.

 

Guterres said the world faces an unprecedented threat as COVID-19 has rapidly covered the globe. "It has spread suffering, disrupted billions of lives and endangered the global economy."

 

Wealthy countries with strong health systems are buckling under the pressure. Now, the virus is arriving in countries already in the midst of humanitarian crises caused by conflicts, natural disasters and climate change. These are places where people who have been forced to flee their homes because of bombs, violence or floods are living under plastic sheets in fields, or crammed into refugee camps or informal settlements.

 

Those people do not have homes in which to socially distance or self-isolate. They lack clean water and soap with which to do that most basic act of self-protection against the virus -- washing their hands. And should they become critically ill, they have no way of accessing a health care system that can provide a hospital bed and a ventilator, said Guterres.

 

Helping the vulnerable people is crucial for combatting the virus, he said. "The world is only as strong as our weakest health system. If we do not act decisively now, I fear the virus will establish a foothold in the most fragile countries, leaving the whole world vulnerable as it continues to circle the planet, paying no mind to borders."

 

Properly funded, the plan will save many lives and arm humanitarian agencies and NGOs with laboratory supplies for testing, and with medical equipment to treat the sick while protecting health care workers. The plan also includes additional measures to support host communities that continue to generously open their homes and towns to refugees and displaced persons, said Guterres.

 

The response plan asks for 450 million dollars for the World Health Organization (WHO), 405 million dollars for the UN Children's Fund (UNICEF), 350 million dollars for the World Food Programme, 255 million dollars for the UN Refugee Agency, 120 million dollars each for the UN Development Programme and the UN Population Fund, 110 million dollars for the Food and Agriculture Organization, and 100 million dollars for the International Organization for Migration.

 

It asks for 100 million dollars for NGO response.

 

Guterres appealed to governments for their full support to the humanitarian response plan, which, he said, is a necessity for global health security.

 

The plan is a moral imperative and in everyone's interests. And it is a crucial part of winning the fight against the virus, he added.

 

WHO Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus and UNICEF Executive Director Henrietta Fore also joined Wednesday's launch via video teleconference.

 

来自: xinhua