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菲律宾证券交易委员会揭露欺诈性的“基于丰度”的密码投资计划

2020-4-15 16:59

 

菲律宾证券交易委员会(SEC)本月公布了其第三个加密货币骗局,警告投资者警惕一个被称为“十亿硬币”(TBC)的骗局。


美国证券交易委员会(SEC)在4月14日的一份报告中称,TBCoin是一种“以富裕为基础的加密货币”,旨在“改革全球金融体系,消除世界贫困”,是一种去中心化的加密货币。


丰裕的概念被用来证明该资产不受“市场驱动的规范”和价格的约束,即投资者越多,硬币的价格就会越高。

 

未经授权的证券销售商将面临最高21年的监禁


证交会指出,TBC根据投资者总数设计了“自己的参数来生成TBCoin的价值”。这可以归结为这样一种说法:“如果TBC聚集了10亿投资者,那么每一TBCoin相应的价值将达到10亿欧元。”


此外,该骗局还承诺,每25天就有一批固定投资组合获得100%的回报。因此,监管机构的干预是基于TBC明显违反证券法的行为,因为该计划吸引投资者将资金投资于其资产和其他产品,“以替代被动收入”。


此外,SEC注意到,根据其关于加密货币和首次公开发行(ICOs)的指导条款,TBCCoin本身可以被视为一种证券,该条款规定:


“一些虚拟货币根据其发行的事实和情况,遵循《证券监督管理条例》(Securities Regulation Code)第3.1条所定义的证券的性质。”


最后,证交会指出,TBC和它的创始人都没有在该委员会注册,没有必要的执照,也没有在中国央行注册。TBC没有出现在CoinMarketCap的排名中,而且,由于该资产没有在已知的交易平台上上市,TBC似乎在管理自己的未注册数字货币交易所。


投资者被警告不要对TBC进行任何投资,特别是在流感大流行期间,并被告知,如果充当“此类未经授权实体的推销员、经纪人、经销商或代理人”,他们可能面临最高21年的监禁。


任何招募人员参与无证证券发行的人也可能要承担刑事责任,并受到处罚或制裁。


据报道,菲律宾央行Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas要求加密货币交易所申请许可证,而美国证券交易委员会根据国家证券法对某些加密资产进行监管。


本月早些时候,监管机构曾警告投资者防范一场被称为“比特币革命”的秘密庞氏骗局。

 

The Philippines Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) has flagged its third cryptocurrency scam this month, warning investors against a scheme dubbed “The Billion Coin” (TBC).

 

Marketed as a so-called “abundance-based cryptocurrency,” the SEC said in an advisory on April 14 that TBCoin’s promoters present the asset as a decentralized cryptocurrency that “aims to revolutionize the global financial system in order to eradicate world poverty.”

 

The concept of abundance is used to justify the asset’s autonomy from “market-driven norms” and prices by alleging that the more investors there will be, the higher the coin’s price will go. 

 

Unauthorized securities vendors face up to 21 years imprisonment

 

The SEC notes that TBC has devised “its own parameter in generating the value of its TBCoin,” based on the total number of investors. This boils down to the claim “that if TBC gathered one billion investors, each TBCoin will be worth one billion euros correspondingly.”

 

In addition, the scam promises alleged 100% returns every 25 days on a number of fixed investment packages. The regulator’s intervention is therefore grounded in TBC’s apparent violation of securities laws, as the scheme lures investors to invest their funds in its asset and other offerings “in lieu of passive income.” 

 

Moreover, the SEC notes that TBCCoin itself can be deemed as a security under the terms of its guidance on cryptocurrencies and initial coin offerings (ICOs), which determined that:

“Some virtual currencies, based on the facts and circumstances surrounding their issuance, follow the nature of a security as defined by Section 3.1 of the Securities Regulation Code.”

 

Lastly, the SEC points to the fact that neither TBC nor its creator are registered with the Commission, lack necessary licenses, and have not registered with the country’s central bank. TBC does not appear on CoinMarketCap’s rankings and, since the asset is not listed on known trading platforms, TBC appears to be managing its own unregistered digital currency exchange.

 

Investors are warned against any investment in TBC, especially during the pandemic, and notified they could face a maximum penalty of 21 years in prison for acting as “salesmen, brokers, dealers or agents of such unauthorized entities.” 

 

Anyone recruiting people to unlicensed securities offerings may also be criminally liable and subject to penalties or sanctions.

 

As reported, the Philippine central bank, Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas requires cryptocurrency exchanges to apply for a license, while the SEC regulates certain crypto assets under national securities laws.  

 

Earlier this month, the regulator had warned investors against a crypto Ponzi scheme dubbed “Bitcoin Revolution.”

 

原作者: Marie Huillet 来自: cointelegraph