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美联储主席伯南克说,经济复苏可能会持续到2021年底

2020-5-18 10:49

 

美国哥伦比亚广播公司网站公布了2020年5月17日,美国联邦储备委员会主席杰罗姆·鲍威尔接受《Face the Nation》节目采访的截屏。(新华社)


“经济要完全复苏,人们必须充满信心。美国联邦储备委员会主席杰罗姆·鲍威尔说:“这可能需要等待疫苗的到来。”


华盛顿,5月17日(新华社)——美联储主席杰罗姆·鲍威尔表示,美国经济将从2019冠状病毒病大流行中复苏,但这一过程可能会持续到2021年底。


“假设没有第二波冠状病毒,我认为你会看到经济在今年下半年稳步复苏,”鲍威尔在哥伦比亚广播公司(CBS)周日上午播出的《面对国家》(Face the Nation)节目中接受采访时说。


“经济要完全复苏,人们必须充满信心。而这可能要等到疫苗问世后才能实现。”


伯南克指出,人们不应该“押注”美国经济的长期前景会变坏,即使是在中期也是如此。


“经济将会复苏。这可能需要一段时间。这可能需要一段时间。这可能会持续到明年年底。我们真的不知道,”他说。

 

在华盛顿智库彼得森国际经济研究所(Peterson Institute for International Economics)周三举行的网络活动上,鲍威尔警告说,长期的经济衰退和疫情后的复苏乏力,可能会导致较长时期的低生产率增长和收入停滞。


他说,尽管经济反应“及时且适当地大”,但这可能还不是最后一章,因为前面的道路“高度不确定”,而且面临“重大的下行风险”。


伯南克说:“这次衰退的规模和速度是现代历史上前所未有的,比二战以来的任何一次衰退都严重。”


美国劳工部(Labor Department)的数据显示,自3月中旬新冠肺炎(COVID-19)疫情导致大量企业倒闭以来,已有3,650多万美国人申请失业救济。

 

A screenshot of U.S. Federal Reserve Chairman Jerome Powell being interviewed on "Face the Nation" on May 17, 2020, as posted on the website of CBS. (Xinhua)

 

"For the economy to fully recover, people will have to be fully confident. And that may have to await the arrival of a vaccine," says U.S. Federal Reserve Chairman Jerome Powell.

 

WASHINGTON, May 17 (Xinhua) -- The U.S. economy will recover from the COVID-19 pandemic, but the process could stretch through until the end of 2021, Federal Reserve Chairman Jerome Powell has said.

 

"Assuming there's not a second wave of the coronavirus, I think you'll see the economy recover steadily through the second half of this year," Powell said in an excerpt of an interview that aired Sunday morning on CBS's "Face the Nation."

 

"For the economy to fully recover, people will have to be fully confident. And that may have to await the arrival of a vaccine," he said.

 

The Fed chief noted that people should not "bet" against the American economy in the long run, even in the medium run.

 

"This economy will recover. It may take a while. It may take a period of time. It could stretch through the end of next year. We really don't know," he said.


At an online event held by the Washington-based think tank Peterson Institute for International Economics on Wednesday, Powell warned that a prolonged recession and weak recovery from the pandemic could lead to an extended period of low productivity growth and stagnant incomes.

 

While the economic response has been "both timely and appropriately large," it may not be the final chapter, given that the path ahead is both "highly uncertain" and subject to "significant downside risks," he said.

 

"The scope and speed of this downturn are without modern precedent, significantly worse than any recession since World War II," said the Fed chief.

 

More than 36.5 million Americans have applied for unemployment benefits since the COVID-19 pandemic forced widespread business closures in mid-March, according to the Labor Department.

 

来自: xinhua