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法国和德国宣布了前所未有的5000亿欧元的欧盟复苏基金

2020-5-19 12:20

 

2020年2月29日,法国巴黎,法国总统马克龙出席新冠肺炎内阁会议。(新华社/奥里连·莫里萨德摄)


这项提议被认为是前所未有的,因为它克服了德国和其他几个富裕欧盟国家对集体借贷概念的反对。


巴黎/柏林,5月18日(新华社)——周一,法国和德国联合提议欧盟委员会以欧盟的名义从资本市场借款,并建立一个5000亿欧元(5460亿美元)的复苏基金,以帮助遭受冠状病毒重创的欧洲经济和地区。


法国总统马克龙(Emmanuel Macron)在与德国总理梅克尔(Angela Merkel)举行的联合视频新闻发布会上表示,这是法国和德国首次同意让欧盟联合发债。马克龙称该提议是"向前迈出的重要一步"。


这项提议被认为是前所未有的,因为它克服了德国和其他几个富裕欧盟国家对集体借贷概念的反对。


默克尔说,新冠肺炎疫情的特殊性使两国选择了不同寻常的方式。她说:“我们的目标是让欧洲更强大、更团结、更团结地走出这场危机。”

 

两国在一份联合声明中表示:“根据欧盟的预算计划,复苏基金将为受影响最严重的行业和地区提供5000亿欧元的欧盟预算支出,这符合欧洲的优先事项。”


报告称:“这将增强欧洲经济体的韧性、趋同性和竞争力,并增加投资,特别是在生态和数字转型以及研究和创新方面的投资。”


马克龙说,5000亿欧元“将用于不仅是技术领域”。这是一个强有力的经济反应,将有助于解决最脆弱地区的失业问题。”


他说:“这不是贷款,而是预算开支,将会拨给受影响最严重的部门和地区。我们相信这项措施是合理的。


她说:“我们必须以欧洲的方式行动,这样我们才能很好地走出危机,并得到加强。”“当德国和法国采取主动时,这就鼓励了欧盟的舆论形成过程。”


欧盟委员会将于5月27日在布鲁塞尔公布经济复苏计划的细节。巴黎和柏林仍需说服其他成员国——尤其是荷兰和斯堪的纳维亚国家——效仿它们。


但法国《世界报》(Le Monde)评论道:“法德两国已就一项复苏计划的主要内容达成一致,该计划由欧盟发行的欧洲国家共同债务提供资金,并通过欧洲预算支出,这本身就是一场革命。”

 

德国《每日新闻》补充道:“柏林在3月底逆风而上,反对以这样或那样的方式将欧洲债务集中起来的任何做法,如今却同意走上这条道路。”


巴黎和柏林还同意提高在COVID-19疫苗和治疗领域的研发能力,建立药品和医疗产品的联合战略储备,并提高这些产品在欧盟的生产能力。


欧盟委员会主席乌苏拉·冯·德雷恩(Ursula von der Leyen)对这一提议表示欢迎。


她在一份声明中表示:“它承认欧洲面临的经济挑战的范围和规模,并正确地强调有必要以欧洲预算为核心制定解决方案。”

 

French President Emmanuel Macron is seen before a cabinet meeting on the COVID-19 in Paris, France, on Feb. 29, 2020. (Photo by Aurelien Morissard/Xinhua)

The proposal is seen as unprecedented since it overcomes objections from Germany and several other rich EU countries to the concept of collective borrowing.

PARIS/BERLIN, May 18 (Xinhua) -- France and Germany on Monday jointly proposed that the European Commission borrow money on capital markets in the European Union's (EU) name and create a 500-billion-euro (546 billion U.S. dollars) recovery fund to help the coronavirus-battered European economies and regions.

Describing the proposal as "a major step forward," French President Emmanuel Macron told a joint video press conference with German Chancellor Angela Merkel that it was the first time France and Germany agreed to let the EU raise debt jointly.

The proposal is seen as unprecedented since it overcomes objections from Germany and several other rich EU countries to the concept of collective borrowing.

Merkel said the unusual nature of the COVID-19 crisis made the two countries choose an unusual way. "The goal is for Europe to emerge from this crisis stronger, more cohesive and in solidarity," she said.

File photo taken on Feb 19, 2020 shows German Chancellor Angela Merkel attending a press conference in Berlin, capital of Germany. Merkel has put herself in quarantine after a doctor she met Friday tested positive for coronavirus, government spokesman Steffen Seibert said on March 22, 2020. (Xinhua/Shan Yuqi)

"The recovery fund will be endowed with 500 billion euros in EU budget spending for the most affected sectors and regions based on EU budget programs and in line with European priorities," said the two countries in a joint statement.

"It will strengthen the resilience, convergence and competitiveness of European economies, and increase investment, in particular in ecological and digital transitions and in research and innovation," it said.

Macron said the 500 billion euros "will be devoted to sectors that are not only technological. It is a strong economic response that will help fight unemployment in the most vulnerable regions," he said.

"It will not consist of loans, it's a budgetary expenditure, which would be attributed to the most affected sectors and regions. We are convinced that this measure is justified," Merkel said.

"We must act in a European way so that we get out of the crisis well and strengthened," she said. "When Germany and France take the initiative, then this encourages the opinion-making process in the EU."

The European Commission is to present the details of the economic recovery program in Brussels on May 27. Paris and Berlin still have to convince other member states -- The Netherlands and the Scandinavian countries, in particular -- to follow them.

But "the fact that the Franco-German couple has agreed on the main lines of a recovery plan financed by a common debt of European states, issued by the Union and spent through the European budget, is in itself a revolution," commented the French daily Le Monde.

European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen attends a press conference after an EU video-summit in Brussels, Belgium, April 23, 2020. (European Union/Handout via Xinhua)

"Berlin, which was upwind at the end of March against anything that, in one way or another, amounts to pooling the debt of Europeans, is today in agreement to embark on this path," added the daily.

Paris and Berlin also agreed to raise research and development capacities in the field of COVID-19 vaccines and treatments, set up joint strategic stocks of pharmaceutical and medical products, and increase the production capacities of these products in the EU.

European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen welcomed the proposal.

"It acknowledges the scope and the size of the economic challenge that Europe faces, and rightly puts the emphasis on the need to work on a solution with the European budget at its core," she said in a statement.

 

来自: xinhua