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日本经济在遭受病毒打击后,于第二季度进入衰退

2020-5-19 15:12

 

 东京,5月18日(新华社)——由于冠状病毒大流行的不利影响,日本经济在1 - 3月期间连续第二个季度收缩,进入技术性衰退,政府在周一的一份报告中说。


日本内阁府的数据显示,1 - 3月日本经济环比年率为萎缩3.4%。


日本内阁府称,经季节因素调整后,第三季gdp降幅为0.9%。


通胀调整后的国内生产总值(gdp)初值,是在上一个10 - 12月季度出现收缩之后发布的。


在2019年的最后一个季度,经济萎缩了7.3%,这主要是由于去年10月消费税税率从8%上调到10%,但也由于在此期间对国家造成严重破坏的强台风。


连续第二个季度的经济下滑意味着世界第三大经济体已经陷入技术性衰退。


最新数据显示,私人消费约占日本经济的60%,较前一季下降0.7%,因旅游和外出就餐支出大幅下降,尤其是在政府发布"宅在家里"的要求后。


日本内阁府还表示,私人资本支出在记录期内下降了0.5%,而私人住宅投资下降了4.5%。


数据显示,贸易也受到病毒的严重影响,商品和服务的出口下降了6.0%,对汽车和汽车零部件的需求显著下降。


与此同时,该办公室表示,由于病毒打击了需求,进口下降了4.9%,能源价格下跌也造成了损失。


日本经济振兴大臣西村泰敏(Yasutoshi Nishimura)周一在新闻发布会上表示,预计冠状病毒大流行对日本经济的负面影响将进一步恶化。


西村说,日本经济将“暂时在相当大的程度上放缓”。


他继续解释说,冠状病毒对经济的影响是相当大的,并将由于经济活动下降而变得更糟。


展望4月至6月的财季,他表示,预计4月至5月还会进一步收缩,原因是政府宣布进入紧急状态,导致企业关闭,人员流动受到限制。

 

TOKYO, May 18 (Xinhua) -- Japan's economy shrank for a second straight quarter in the January-March period and entered a technical recession as a result of the adverse effects of the coronavirus pandemic, the government said in a report on Monday.

 

According to the Cabinet Office, the economic shrank by an annualized real 3.4 percent in the January-March period from the previous quarter.

 

The decrease in the quarter corresponds to a 0.9-percent decline on a seasonally adjusted quarterly basis, the Cabinet Office said.

 

The preliminary reading of inflation-adjusted gross domestic product, comes of the heels of a contraction logged in the previous October-December quarter.

 

In the final quarter of 2019, the economy shrank 7.3 percent, owing mainly to a consumption tax rate hike from 8 percent to 10 percent in October last year, but also due to a powerful typhoon wreaking havoc on the country during the period.

 

The second straight quarter of economic decline means that the world's third largest economy has fallen into a technical recession.

 

Accounting for around 60 percent of the Japanese economy, private consumption fell 0.7 percent from the previous quarter, as spending on travel and dining out dropped sharply, particularly after the stay-at-home request was issued by the government, the latest data showed.

 

The Cabinet Office also said that private capital expenditure declined 0.5 percent, in the recording period, while private residential investment fell 4.5 percent.

 

Trade was also significantly impacted by the virus, with the export of goods and services plunging 6.0 percent, with demand for cars and auto parts marking a significant drop, the data showed.

 

Imports, meanwhile, declined 4.9 percent, as the virus hit demand, with falling energy prices also taking their toll, the office said.

 

Japanese Economic Revitalization Minister Yasutoshi Nishimura told a press conference on Monday that the downside effects of the coronavirus pandemic on Japan's economy are expected to deteriorate further.

 

The economy will "slow down to a considerable extent for the time being," Nishimura said.

 

He went on to explain that the coronavirus' impact on the economy was considerable and set to get worse due to the declined economic activity.

 

Looking ahead to the April-June quarter, he indicated that a further contraction was expected from April to May due to the state of emergency declaration, which saw businesses shuttered and the movement of people restricted.

 

来自: xinhua