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德国第一季度就业增长放缓至0.3%

2020-5-20 15:14

 

柏林,5月19日(新华社)——德国联邦统计局周二发布的初步统计数据显示,与去年同期相比,德国2020年第一季度的就业人数增加了0.3%,达到4500万左右。


然而,根据Destatis的数据,德国在2019年最后一个季度的就业同比增长率仍然是0.6%。


Destatis指出:“尽管今年年初就业人数的同比增长仍在继续,但已明显放缓。”与去年同期相比,如此低的增幅上次出现是在10年前的第二季度。


第一季度就业增长主要是由德国服务业的增长推动的。根据Destatis,公共服务、教育和保健部门的绝对就业增加最多,其次是新闻和通讯部门。


Destatis指出,德国工业(不包括建筑业)就业人数的下降“持续并加速”,就业人数在第一季度下降了1%。


德国经济研究所(IW)高级就业经济学家Holger Schaefer在接受新华社采访时表示,德国第一季度的就业数据将“从本质上反映出冠状病毒大流行爆发前的情况”。


Schaefer说,在流感大流行之前,德国劳动力市场的“特点是增长势头减弱,但总体上可以说是稳定的”。大流行对劳动力市场的根本性影响最初“反映在其他指标上”,如短期工作和失业率的上升。


4月底,德国联邦就业机构(BA)宣布,由于流感大流行,已有创纪录的1010万名员工在德国注册短期工作。


与此同时,4月份的失业率环比上升了0.7个百分点,达到5.8%。根据BA的数据,德国有264万人登记失业。

 

BERLIN, May 19 (Xinhua) -- The number of employed people in Germany rose by 0.3 percent to around 45 million in the first quarter (Q1) of 2020 compared to the same quarter last year, according to provisional calculations published by the Federal Statistical Office (Destatis) on Tuesday.

However, the year-on-year employment growth rate in Germany had still been 0.6 percent in the final quarter of 2019, according to Destatis.

"Although the year-on-year growth in employment continued at the beginning of this year, it slowed markedly," Destatis noted. Such a low increase on a year earlier had been last recorded in the second quarter ten years ago.

The rise in employment in Q1 was mainly driven by growth in Germany's service sector. According to Destatis, the largest absolute employment gains were recorded for public services, education and health sector, followed by the information and communication sector.

Destatis noted that the decline in employment figures for Germany's industry, excluding construction, had "continued and accelerated" as the number of employed people declined by one percent in Q1.

The German employment figures for Q1 would "essentially reflect the situation prior to the outbreak of the coronavirus pandemic," Holger Schaefer, senior economist for employment at the German Economic Institute (IW), told Xinhua.

Prior to the pandemic, Germany's labor market had been "characterized by declining momentum but could generally be described as stable," said Schaefer. The radical effect of the pandemic on the labor market was initially "reflected in other indicators" such as rising short-time work and unemployment.

At the end of April, Germany's Federal Employment Agency (BA) announced that a record 10.1 million employees had registered for short-time work in the country due to the pandemic.

At the same time, the unemployment rate went up by 0.7 percentage points month-on-month to 5.8 percent in April. According to BA, 2.64 million people in Germany had been registered as unemployed.

 

来自: xinhua