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津巴布韦新发行的面额更高的纸币在通货膨胀中开始流通

2020-5-21 11:52

2020年5月20日,在津巴布韦首都哈拉雷,一名顾客出示一张从银行取出的新版10津巴布韦元纸币。津巴布韦新发行的10美元纸币星期二开始流通,这个南部非洲国家正在与通货膨胀和现金短缺作斗争。(新华社胡志明摄)


哈拉雷,5月20日(新华社)——周二,津巴布韦开始流通新的10美元纸币,这个南部非洲国家正在与高通货膨胀和现金短缺作斗争。


此举是津巴布韦储备银行(RBZ)遏制现金短缺措施的一部分。在黑市上获得现金的溢价高达40%。


新版20美元纸币也将在6月的第一周开始流通。


在增加新纸币之前,只有2美元和5美元纸币在流通。


自从津巴布韦储备银行宣布发行新货币以来,津巴布韦元对美元在平行市场上继续下跌。


根据Zimrates的数据,周三银行间市场利率为1美元兑25兹wl,而同期市场利率为1美元兑60.5兹wwl。


去年,津巴布韦重新启用了2009年因恶性通货膨胀而抛弃的津巴布韦元,结束了长达10年的多货币制度。


但是,随着新货币的采用,该国出现了高水平的通货膨胀。


津巴布韦国家统计局的官方数据显示,2020年3月的年通胀率为676%。

 

A customer shows a new 10 Zimbabwean dollar banknote withdrawn from a bank in Harare, Zimbabwe, on May 20, 2020. Zimbabwe's new 10 dollar note started circulating on Tuesday as the Southern African country battles high inflation and cash shortages. (Photo by Shaun Jusa/Xinhua)

HARARE, May 20 (Xinhua) -- Zimbabwe's new 10 dollar note started circulating on Tuesday as the Southern African country battles high inflation and cash shortages.

The move is part of the Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe (RBZ)'s measures to curb cash shortages that have seen premiums of up to 40 percent being charged to get cash at the black market.

A new 20 dollar banknote will also start circulating by the first week of June.

Prior to the addition of the new bank notes, only 2 dollar and 5 dollar notes were in circulation.

The Zimbabwe dollar has continued to plummet against the U.S. dollar on the parallel market since the RBZ announced the introduction of the new banknotes.

While the interbank market rate on Wednesday was US$1:ZWL$25, the parallel market rate stood at US$1:ZW60.5, according to Zimrates.

Last year, Zimbabwe re-introduced the Zimbabwe dollar that it had discarded in 2009 owing to hyperinflation, and ended a decade-long multi-currency regime.

However, with the introduction of the new currency, high levels of inflation have been experienced in the country.

Official figures from the Zimbabwe National Statistics Agency show that year-on-year inflation in March 2020 stood at 676 percent.

 

来自: xinhua