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今年4月,日本出口出现10年来最大跌幅

2020-5-22 12:22

 

东京,5月21日(新华社)——日本贸易银行在周四的一份报告中称,由于全球商业关闭和国内订单减少,冠状病毒大流行导致海外需求下降,日本4月份出口创下10多年来的最大跌幅。


根据日本财务省的数据,在这一记录期内,日本出口同比下降21.9%,至5.20万亿日元(482.4亿美元),这是连续第17个月下降。


商务部数据显示,这是自2009年10月全球金融危机爆发后录得23.2%降幅以来最大降幅。


与此同时,日本经济部的初步报告显示,由于原油和煤炭等能源的购买量大幅下降,日本进口下降7.2%,至6.13万亿日元,连续第12个月下降。


最新数据还显示,日本当季商品贸易逆差为9,304亿日圆,为三个月来首次转为负值。


日本外务省表示,由于对汽车和飞机发动机的需求下降,日本对美国的出口下降37.8%,至879.8亿日元,从美国进口增加1.6%,至6986.3亿日元,导致该记录期间出现1811.7亿日元的赤字。


日本经济产业省表示,对日本最大贸易伙伴中国的出口在这一记录期内下降4.1%,至1.18万亿日元,标志着连续第四个月下降。


然而,最新数据显示,从中国的进口增长了11.7%,达到1.73万亿日元,导致5526亿日元的贸易赤字。


日本财务省称,包括中国在内的整个亚洲地区,出口下降11.4%,进口上升2.2%,4月贸易逆差为270.4亿日圆。


与此同时,日本财务省表示,4月对欧盟出口减少28.0%至4835.1亿日圆,而从单一货币集团进口减少6.8%至6746.8亿日圆,导致逆差1,911.8亿日圆。


"当然,我们认为病毒大流行不会结束,因此负面影响可能在5月持续,"报导引述财政部官员在新闻发布会上表示。

 

TOKYO, May 21 (Xinhua) -- Japan's exports logged the steepest drop in April in more than 10 years as the coronavirus pandemic saw overseas demand slump amid global business shutdowns and stay-at-home orders, the government said in a report Thursday.

According to the Finance Ministry, exports in the recording period plummeted 21.9 percent from a year earlier to 5.20 trillion yen (48.24 billion U.S. dollars), marking the 17th straight month of decline.

The decline marked the steepest drop since a 23.2-percent dive booked in October 2009 in the wake of the global financial crisis, the ministry's data showed.

Imports, meanwhile, dropped 7.2 percent to 6.13 trillion yen, marking the 12th straight month of decline, owing to slumping purchases of crude oil and coal among other energy resources, according to the ministry's preliminary report.

Japan's goods trade deficit stood at 930.40 billion yen in the recording period, with the figure turning negative for the first time in three months, the latest data set also showed.

Exports to the United States fell 37.8 percent to 879.80 billion yen, owing to falling demand for cars and aircraft engines, the ministry said, adding that imports form the United States rose 1.6 percent to 698.63 billion yen, leading to a 181.17 billion yen deficit in the recording period.

Exports to China, Japan's largest trading partner, fell 4.1 percent to 1.18 trillion yen, in the recording period, marking the fourth straight month of decline, the ministry said.

Imports from China, however, increased 11.7 percent to 1.73 trillion yen, leading to a trade deficit of 552.60 billion yen, the latest figures showed.

For the whole of Asia, including China, exports were down 11.4 percent, while imports rose 2.2 percent, with the deficit standing at 27.04 billion yen in April on year, the ministry said.

Exports to the European Union, meanwhile, tumbled 28.0 percent in April to 483.51 billion yen, while imports from the single currency bloc fell 6.8 percent to 674.68 billion yen, resulting in a deficit of 191.18 billion yen, the Finance Ministry said.

"Of course, we don't think the virus pandemic is coming to an end, so it is possible that the negative effect will continue in May," a finance ministry official was quoted as telling a press briefing on the matter.

 

来自: xinhua