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美联储副主席:金融环境的放松为美国经济的复苏赢得了时间

2020-5-22 12:26

2020年5月18日,一名戴着面具的行人经过美国华盛顿特区的美联储大楼。(新华社沈婷摄)


尽管经济衰退的深度和持续时间都存在“极大的不确定性”,但美国联邦储备委员会(fed)副主席克拉里达(Richard Clarida)预计,美国经济将从今年下半年开始增长。


华盛顿,5月21日(新华社)——美联储副主席Richard Clarida周四表示,金融状况的缓和为美国经济从冠状病毒大流行中复苏赢得了一些时间。


"尽管近几周经济消息持续低迷,但自3月中旬以来金融状况已明显改善,在许多市场亦是如此," Clarida在纽约企业经济协会(New York Association for Business Economics)举办的网络直播会议上表示。


克拉里达认为,这种金融状况的缓解,至少在一定程度上,是美联储近几周为支持金融市场而采取行动的直接后果。


他说:“它是否能够持久,将在很大程度上取决于冠状病毒蔓延的过程以及它所导致的经济衰退的持续时间。”


美联储副主席伯南克说:“至少,金融状况的缓和为经济开始复苏、恢复增长和失业率开始下降争取了一些时间。”


虽然经济衰退的深度和持续时间都存在“极大的不确定性”,但克拉里达预计,美国经济将从今年下半年开始增长。


Clarida还认为,COVID-19传染冲击是反通胀的,而不是通胀的,因为所谓的核心消费者价格指数在4月份下降了0.45%,创下自1957年该指数开始以来的最大单月降幅。


克拉里达指出,在这个充满挑战的时期,美联储将继续“采取有力、主动和积极的行动”,为经济提供关键的支持。


他说:“直接的财政支持可以发挥至关重要的作用,不仅可以帮助家庭和企业在需要的时候渡过难关,而且还可以在我们走出衰退后维持经济的生产能力。”

 

A pedestrian wearing a mask walks by the U.S. Federal Reserve building in Washington D.C., the United States on May 18, 2020. (Photo by Ting Shen/Xinhua)

 

While there is "extraordinary uncertainty" about both the depth and the duration of the economic downturn, Federal Reserve Vice Chairman Richard Clarida projected that the U.S. economy will begin to grow starting in the second half of this year.

 

WASHINGTON, May 21 (Xinhua) -- The easing of financial conditions is buying some time for the U.S. economy to recover from the COVID-19 pandemic, Federal Reserve Vice Chairman Richard Clarida said on Thursday.

 

"While the economic news has been unremittingly awful in recent weeks, financial conditions since the middle of March have eased -- and considerably so in many markets," Clarida said in prepared remarks for a webcast appearance held by the New York Association for Business Economics.

 

Clarida believed that this easing of financial conditions is, at least in part, a direct consequence of the actions the Fed took in recent weeks to support financial markets.

 

"Whether it proves to be durable will depend importantly on the course that the coronavirus contagion takes and the duration of the downturn that it causes," he said.

 

"At a minimum, the easing of financial conditions is buying some time until the economy can begin to recover, growth resumes, and unemployment begins to fall," said the Fed vice chairman.

 

While there is "extraordinary uncertainty" about both the depth and the duration of the economic downturn, Clarida projected that the U.S. economy will begin to grow starting in the second half of this year.

 

Clarida also believed that the COVID-19 contagion shock is disinflationary, not inflationary, as the so-called core consumer prices fell 0.45 percent in April, the largest monthly decline since the beginning of the series in 1957.

 

Noting the central bank will continue to "act forcefully, proactively, and aggressively" to provide critical support to the economy during this challenging time, Clarida said more fiscal spending may be needed as well.

 

"Direct fiscal support can make a critical difference, not just in helping families and businesses stay afloat in a time of need, but also in sustaining the productive capacity of the economy after we emerge from this downturn," he said.

 

来自: xinhua