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美国表示退出开放天空条约

2020-5-22 12:34

 

2020年5月21日,美国华盛顿特区。美国总统唐纳德·特朗普周四表示,美国将退出《开放天空条约》,这是美国放弃一项重要的国际武器控制协议的最新举动。(新华社沈婷摄)


华盛顿,5月21日(新华社)——美国总统唐纳德·特朗普周四表示,美国将退出《开放天空条约》,这是美国放弃一项重要的国际军控协议的最新举动。


“俄罗斯没有遵守条约,所以在他们遵守之前,我们将退出,”特朗普在白宫被问及退出条约的决定时对记者说。


特朗普补充道:“但我们很有可能达成一项新协议,或者做些什么把协议重新整合起来。”他没有详细说明。


据《华盛顿邮报》报道,负责国际安全和防扩散事务的助理国务卿克里斯托弗·福特(Christopher Ford)将在周四与俄罗斯大使阿纳托利·安东诺夫(Anatoly Antonov)共进午餐时,向莫斯科通报这一决定。


分析人士指出,数月来一直有传言说美国将退出该条约,这将引起同样参与该条约的欧洲盟国的不满。根据条约的退出条款,撤军将在6个月内正式进行。


该条约于2002年生效,允许其缔约国在其他国家的整个领土上进行短时间的非武装侦察飞行,以收集有关军事力量和活动的数据。


目前,包括俄罗斯、美国在内的35个国家以及北大西洋公约组织(North Atlantic Treaty Organization)的其他一些成员国已经签署了该公约。吉尔吉斯斯坦已经签署但尚未批准。


该条约旨在通过参与飞越领空,在缔约国之间建立信任和熟悉。据媒体报道,自2002年协议生效以来,“开放天空”已经进行了1500多次飞行。


美国和俄罗斯互相指责对方不遵守条约。华盛顿和莫斯科都对飞越其领土的航班设置了一些限制——据媒体报道,夏威夷和其他一些美国基地已经禁止飞行,加里宁格勒等地也是如此。


这是特朗普政府退出一项重要国际条约的最新举措。华盛顿去年放弃了与莫斯科签署的《中程核力量条约》(Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty)。


《开放天空条约》(Treaty on Open Skies)的退出,进一步引发了人们对特朗普政府是否延长《新战略武器削减条约》(New START)的质疑。


新《削减战略武器条约》将于明年2月到期,在两国同意的情况下,该条约最多可延长5年。俄罗斯已表示愿意延长该条约,而特朗普政府尚未做出正式回应。

 

The White House is seen in Washington D.C., the United States, on May 21, 2020. U.S. President Donald Trump on Thursday said the United States is withdrawing from the Treaty on Open Skies, the latest move to abandon a major international arms control agreement. (Photo by Ting Shen/Xinhua)

WASHINGTON, May 21 (Xinhua) -- U.S. President Donald Trump on Thursday said the United States is withdrawing from the Treaty on Open Skies, the latest move to abandon a major international arms control agreement.

"Russia didn't adhere to the treaty, so until they adhere we will pull out," Trump told reporters at the White House when asked about the decision to withdraw from the treaty.

"But there is a very good chance we will make a new agreement or do something to put that agreement back together," Trump added, without elaborating.

The Washington Post reported that Christopher Ford, assistant secretary of state for international security and nonproliferation, would inform Moscow of the decision during his Thursday's lunch with Russian Ambassador Anatoly Antonov.

Analysts noted that the U.S. pullout, rumored for months, would cause grievance among European allies who are also participating in the treaty. The withdrawal would formally take place in six months, based on the treaty's withdrawal terms.

The treaty, which became effective in 2002, allows its states-parties to conduct short-notice, unarmed reconnaissance flights over the others' entire territories to collect data on military forces and activities.

Currently, 35 nations, including Russia, the United States, and some other members of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, have signed it. Kyrgyzstan has signed but not ratified it yet.

The treaty is aimed at building confidence and familiarity among states-parties through their participation in the overflights. Over 1,500 Open Skies flights have been conducted since the deal entered into force in 2002, according to media reports.

The United States and Russia have blamed each other for noncompliance with the treaty. Washington and Moscow have each put a few limits on flights over their territories -- Hawaii and some other U.S. bases have been off-limits, as have Kaliningrad, among others, according to media reports.

It was the latest in a string of moves by the Trump administration to withdraw from a major international treaty. Washington abandoned the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty with Moscow last year.

The pullout of the Treaty on Open Skies further raised doubts over whether the Trump administration would extend the New Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (New START), the last remaining nuclear arms control treaty in force between Washington and Moscow.

The New START, which expires next February, can be extended for at most five years with the consent of the two countries. Russia has expressed willingness to extend the treaty, while the Trump administration has yet to officially reply.

来自: xinhua