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韩国能源市场采用区块链进行招标

2020-6-19 11:40

 

近日,韩国电力交易所(KPX)推出了一套面向韩国能源市场的区块链能源竞价评估系统。KPX是一个专门的非盈利的,独立于电力事业,管理韩国电力市场,能源分配和批发过程。


公司负责电力市场的运作,包括发电商与零售企业之间的电力交易的招标、定价、计量和结算。


KPX表示,从本月初开始,它就开始使用基于区块链的提案评估系统。它概述了三个步骤的过程。评标委员会通过一个应用程序对投标进行评估,评估结果存储在区块链中。评估结果会自动张贴在网站上,防止操纵或更改,并提供透明度。


韩国的电价结合了市场和非市场力量。KPX预测每个交易日的电力需求,并提前一天收到发电公司对可用容量的报价。批发价格由KPX根据定价机制而不是纯粹的市场机制来决定。


然而,由于该机制可能被操纵,批发价格可能会被降低或抬高,以使特定各方受益,因此存在若干漏洞。三星丑闻是贿赂政府官员以获取企业利益的一个鲜明例子。


与此同时,经合组织估计,10-30%的采购合同价值因腐败和管理不善而损失。它补充说,通过消除操纵投标的行为,采购价格可以降低20%。


KPX使用Hyperledger Fabric来构建电力投标系统,并将评估过程从之前的5天减少到1天。


KPX财务管理团队负责人Ji-yeon Han在接受《能源日报》采访时表示:“通过基于区块链的提案评估系统,通过透明的商业选择,电力交易所将在传播公平贸易文化方面发挥主导作用。”


昨日,Ledger Insights报道了世界经济论坛对区块链在政府采购交易透明度方面的尝试。

 

The Korea Power Exchange (KPX) recently unveiled a blockchain-based energy bid evaluation system for the Korean energy market. KPX is a specialized non-profit, independent of the electric utilities and manages the Korean electricity market, energy distribution, and the wholesaling process. 

The company is responsible for the power market’s operation, which includes bidding, pricing, metering, and settlement of power transactions between generators and retail companies.

KPX said it has been using the blockchain-based proposal evaluation system from the beginning of this month. It outlined a three step process. The evaluation committee assesses the bids using an app, and the assessments are stored on the blockchain. The evaluation results are automatically posted on the website preventing manipulation or alterations and providing transparency. 

The pricing of electricity in Korea combines market and non market forces. KPX forecasts electricity demand for each trading day and receives bids from generation companies for the available capacity a day in advance. The wholesale price is determined by KPX according to a pricing mechanism rather than a purely market mechanism. 

However, there are several loopholes as the mechanism could be manipulated, and wholesale prices could potentially be reduced or inflated to benefit particular parties. The Samsung scandal is a stark example of bribing government officials for corporate benefits. 

Meanwhile, the OECD estimates that 10-30% of the procurement contract value is lost in corruption and mismanagement. It adds that procurement prices could be reduced by 20% by eliminating bid-rigging. 

KPX used Hyperledger Fabric to build the electricity bidding system and reduced the evaluation process to one day from the previous five days. 

“The power exchange will play a leading role in spreading the fair-trade culture through transparent business selection through the operation of a blockchain-based proposal evaluation system,” Ji-yeon Han, Head of Financial Management Team at KPX told Energy Daily.

Yesterday, Ledger Insights reported on a WEF trial exploring blockchain for transparency in government procurement transactions. 

 

来自: Ledger Insights