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在封锁期间,印度启动移民回国就业计划

2020-6-22 12:11

 

新华社新德里6月20日电印度总理莫迪20日宣布,自3月25日以来,为控制新冠肺炎疫情,印度实施了全国范围内的禁闭,为从主要城市返乡的农民工提供就业保障。


这项名为“穷人福利就业运动”的计划价值5亿印度卢比(67亿美元),将惠及那些回到比哈尔邦、恰尔肯德邦、北方邦、拉贾斯坦邦、奥里萨邦和中央邦的民工。


25项工程和活动,如建设公路、村议会大楼、农场池塘、水井、社区卫生中心、农村房屋、种植园工程、固体和液体废物管理工程等,被列为优先项目,以确保这些移徙劳工就业。


在上述六个州中,共有116个地区被确定为这项计划。


在启动该计划后,莫迪通过视频会议向六个邦的首席部长发表讲话,他说,正在绘制农村民工的技能地图,以帮助他们在离家更近的地方工作。


据总理介绍,该运动的重点是建设耐用的农村基础设施,并为农村提供互联网等现代化设施。莫迪说,这还将促进这些外来劳工的自力更生,而这最终将导致一个“自力更生的印度”。


从3月25日开始的大约两个月时间里,封锁导致所有制造业和贸易活动陷入停滞,导致失业,数百万民工寻求返回各自的老家。由于没有交通设施,很多人从德里、孟买、本加卢鲁、钦奈、海德拉巴等城市步行回家,路程长达2000公里。


大批人员外流仍在继续,因为他们工作过的部门,主要是服务业的中小型和微型企业,仍然没有开放,或者远远低于其最佳能力。

 

NEW DELHI, June 20 (Xinhua) -- Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Saturday launched an employment scheme for the welfare of migrant labourers who had returned home from major cities amid the lockdown imposed to control the COVID-19 since March 25.

Titled "Garib Kalyan Rojgar Abhiyaan" (Poor Welfare Employment Campaign) worth 50,000 crore Indian Rupees (6.7 billion U.S. dollars), the scheme would benefit the migrant labourers who had returned to their native places in states like Bihar, Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Odisha, and Madhya Pradesh.

A list of 25 works and activities, such as construction of highways, village council buildings, farm ponds, wells, community sanitation centers, rural houses, and plantation works, solid and liquid waste management works, among others, have been targeted to be priority projects to ensure employment for these migrant labourers.

A total of 116 districts across the above mentioned six states have been identified for this scheme.

Addressing the chief ministers of the six states through video-conferencing after launching the scheme, Modi said that skill mapping of the rural migrant labourers is being done to help them work closer to their homes.

According to the prime minister, the campaign focuses on building a durable rural infrastructure and providing modern facilities like internet in the villages. It would also promote self reliance among these migrant labourers which, in turn, would eventually lead to a "Self-Reliant India," Modi said.

Rendered jobless due to the lockdown which brought all manufacturing and trading activities to a grinding halt for around two months beginning March 25, millions of migrant labourers sought to return to their respective native places. Without transport facilities available, a lot of them took their journey home on foot and walked long distances, as much as 2,000 km, from cities like Delhi, Mumbai, Bemgaluru, Chennai, Hyderabad, among others.

The exodus is still going on as the sectors they worked in, mostly small, medium and micro enterprises in the service industry, are still not open or running much below their optimum capacity.

 

来自: xinhua