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日本慈善机构ACE将使用区块链来打击钴矿开采中的童工问题

2020-6-22 12:35

 

日本慈善机构ACE(反剥削儿童行动)将启动一个项目,利用区块链可追溯平台来帮助了解钴的供应路线和防止童工。ACE的主要目标是在世界范围内消除童工,并推进这个项目,它与日本电力公司Minden合作,后者将提供区块链技术。


正如Ledger Insights之前报道的,钴矿开采中经常使用不道德和不环保的做法。在全球范围内,大约三分之二的金属资源在刚果民主共和国。这个话题引起了媒体的关注,涉及到童工、低至0.75美元/天的工资以及数十起可预防的死亡事件。


鉴于钴在智能手机等产品生产中的重要性,苹果等大公司都希望避免与不道德的供应链扯上关系。因此,许多大型企业已经接受使用区块链技术作为解决方案来解决这个问题。


ACE计划与这些公司以及时尚和家用电器领域的专业公司进行接触,以帮助实施其项目措施。根据2018年全球奴隶制指数,G20国家每年进口3540亿美元的危险产品。其中2000亿美元与笔记本电脑、电脑和手机有关,1280亿美元与服装有关。


ACE最初计划咨询钴矿开采方面的专家,并直接调查矿山的情况。通过这个,它打算发现供应链过程的哪些部分涉及童工,并确定正在采取的预防措施。


在收集到这些信息后,该公司计划使用Enection区块链系统来追踪来自这些矿山的钴的来源。通过这个过程和与电池制造商的合作,ACE希望帮助促进生产和传播具有可追溯来源的道德电池。


ACE打算运行的Enection 2.0平台的一个版本目前正在由日本电力公司Minden开发。该公司的主要股东包括SMBC、瑞穗、SBI、东京广播和电通。该公司最初开发这个平台是为了提供电力追踪服务,帮助个人和企业使用可再生能源。


Minden最近向Ledger Insights证实,该核心系统将用于ACE项目,尽管它与已投入生产一段时间的电力追踪系统不太一样。


cobalt的其他区块链追溯系统包括IBM与大众、沃尔沃、福特、菲亚特克莱斯勒、嘉能可等公司合作开发的负责采购区块链网络。而初创公司Circulor可能是第一个推出区块链解决方案的公司,该方案的金属和矿物都是合乎道德的,并且与沃尔沃和奔驰有合作项目。

 

The Japanese charity ACE (Action against Child Exploitation) is to begin a project which will use the blockchain traceability platform Enection to help understand the supply route of cobalt and prevent child labor. The chief aim of ACE is to eradicate child labor worldwide and to progress this project, it’s partnering with Japanese electricity firm Minden, which will provide the blockchain know-how.

As Ledger Insights has previously reported, unethical and non-environmentally friendly practices are frequently used in cobalt mining. Globally, around two thirds of the metal resource of this industry is found in the Democratic Republic of Congo. The topic has received press attention for child labor, wages as low as $0.75/day, and dozens of preventable deaths.

Given cobalt’s significance in the production of products such as smartphones, major corporations such as Apple are keen to avoid being associated with unethical supply chains. Hence, many large corporates have been receptive to using blockchain technologies as one solution to address the issue.

ACE intends to reach out to such companies as well as those specializing in areas such as fashion and home appliances to help implement its project’s measures. According to the 2018 Global Slavery Index, G20 countries import $354 billion of at-risk products annually. Included in the figure is $200 billion relating to laptops, computers and mobile phones, and $128 billion of garments.

Initially, ACE plans to consult experts on cobalt mining and investigate conditions in mines first-hand. Through this, it intends to discover what parts of the supply chain process involve child labor and identify any prevention efforts being made.

After this information has been gathered, it plans to apply the Enection blockchain system to trace the origins of cobalt coming from these mines. Through this process and collaboration with battery manufacturers, ACE hopes to help facilitate the production and dissemination of ethical batteries with traceable origins.

A version of the Enection 2.0 platform on which ACE intends to operate is currently under development by Japanese electricity company Minden. The firm, whose major shareholders include SMBC, Mizuho, SBI, Tokyo Broadcasting and Dentsu, initially developed the platform to provide electricity traceability services to help individuals and firms use renewable sources.

Minden recently confirmed to Ledger Insights that the core system will be used for the project with ACE, although it’s not quite the same as the electricity traceability system, which has been in production for some time.

Other blockchain traceability systems for cobalt include the Responsible Sourcing Blockchain Network developed by IBM with VW, Volvo, Ford, Fiat Chrysler, Glencore and others. And startup Circulor was perhaps the first to launch blockchain solutions for ethically sourced metals and minerals and has projects with Volvo and Mercedes.

 

来自: Ledger Insights