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综述:尼日利亚总统呼吁谨慎使用地区共同货币

2020-6-24 13:55

新华社阿布贾6月23日电尼日利亚总统布哈里23日告诫西非国家领导人,要警惕地区共同货币Eco可能带来的危险。


布哈里是在西非货币区国家元首和政府首脑召开的关于新区域货币的特别会议上发表上述讲话的。


西非经济和货币联盟(UEMOA)的法语国家决定以经济共同体(Eco)先于其他成员国取代非洲金融共同体法郎,布哈里对此表示担忧。


他说:“我们已取得显著进展,包括采用汇率制度、共同中央银行的名称、模式和符号。因此,这让我有一种不安的感觉,即UEMOA区现在希望先于其他成员国,以Eco取代CFA法郎。


他表示,这一决定将背离欧共体在引入欧元之前的三年里一直实现趋同的做法,以及随后不断强化的指令。


他表示:“我获悉,法国部长们已经批准了一项改革CFA法郎的法案,而大多数(如果不是全部的话)UEMOA成员国已经在各自的议会通过了相关立法。”


他补充说:“我们希望加入工会的人在采取这些重大步骤时并不信任我们,这是一个令人担忧的问题。”


布哈里重申了尼日利亚对单一货币的承诺,并敦促西非国家经济共同体(ECOWAS)领导人考虑趋同委员会的建议,采取共同立场,以保护西非国家联盟“免于陷入一个有问题的联盟的陷阱”。


他重申,尼日利亚支持建立一个基本原则正确的货币联盟,根据他的说法,这将确保可信度、可持续性以及整个地区的繁荣和主权。


“我们不能嘲笑自己加入一个即将解体的联盟,可能我们一加入这个联盟就会解体。我们需要明确和毫不含糊地表明我们对这一进程的立场。我们还必须向外部世界有效地传达同样的信息。我们都在这个项目上下了很大的赌注,只是为了权宜之计。”


布哈里指出,西非经共体领导层正处于建立共同货币的雄心的十字路口。他补充说,该地区必须谨慎行事,遵守达成共同目标的商定进程,同时最大限度地尊重彼此。


他补充说:“如果没有这些,我们作为西非国家经济共同体(ECOWAS)集团建立战略货币联盟的雄心很可能就会严重受挫。”

 

 

ABUJA, June 23 (Xinhua) -- Nigerian President Muhammadu Buhari on Tuesday cautioned his counterparts in the West African region against possible dangers brought by the regional common currency, Eco.

Buhari made this remark at a virtual extraordinary meeting of the Authority of Heads of State and Government of the West African Monetary Zone (WAMZ) on the new regional currency.

Buhari expressed concern over the decision of francophone countries that form the West African Economic and Monetary Union (UEMOA) to replace CFA Franc with Eco ahead of the rest of member states.

"We have made remarkable progress including the adoption of the exchange rate regime, the name, and model of the common Central Bank and the symbol. It, therefore, gives me an uneasy feeling that the UEMOA Zone now wishes to take up the Eco in replacement for its CFA Franc ahead of the rest of the member-states," the Nigerian leader said.

He said the decision would deviate from the Community Act on consistent attainment of convergence in the three years running up to the introduction of the currency, and the subsequent reinforcing directives.

"I am informed that the French ministers have approved a bill to reform the CFA Franc and most, if not all of the UEMOA member states, have already passed legislation in their various parliaments to that effect," he said.

"It is a matter of concern that people with whom we wish to go into a union are taking these major steps without trusting us for discussion," he added.

Buhari reiterated Nigeria's commitment to the single currency and urged leaders in the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) to consider the recommendations made by the Convergence Council and take a common position to safeguard the WAMZ "from the pitfalls of a questionable union."

He reaffirmed Nigeria's support for a monetary union with the right fundamentals, which, according to him, guarantees credibility, sustainability, and overall regional prosperity and sovereignty.

"We cannot ridicule ourselves by entering a union to disintegrate, potentially no sooner than we enter into it. We need to be clear and unequivocal about our position regarding this process. We must also communicate the same to the outside world effectively. We have all staked so much in this project to leave things to mere expediencies and convenience," he said.

The ECOWAS leadership is at a crossroads with the ambition for a common currency, Buhari noted, adding that the region must proceed with caution and comply with the agreed process of reaching the collective goal while treating each other with the utmost respect.

"Without these, our ambitions for a strategic monetary union as an ECOWAS bloc could very well be in serious jeopardy," he added.

 

来自: xinhua