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美国国土安全部要求企业就供应链和身份识别等提供区块链解决方案

2020-6-24 14:13

 

美国国土安全部已经恳请初创企业就五个不同的问题提出区块链解决方案。该项目由科技部科技局牵头,与此前2018年的主题呼吁类似,当时的主题呼吁也以区块链为重点。


该项目的5个目标中有3个集中于供应链,特别是由美国海关和边境保护局(U.S. Customs and Border Protection)管理的食品、天然气和直接面向客户的电子商务运输。另外两家机构正在寻找一种更安全的社会保险号替代标识符,以及新冠肺炎疫情对国土安全造成的影响的有效解决方案。


该食品项目旨在提高供应链的安全性和可见度。它的目标是自动化通常是艰巨的验证原产国数据的过程,并帮助简化和简化这个过程。作为美国海关和边境保护项目,其目的之一是适用适当的关税。此外,希望这将“减少腐败和浪费”和“加快检查时间”,使整个过程更加简单和精简。


主要由于美墨加协议,天然气项目旨在促进政府和机构之间的沟通,增加透明度。特别地,它的目标是建立供应链文件和进出口声明之间的联系,以及简化债券内处理。此前,海关和边境保护局(Customs and Border Protection)曾开展过一个类似的石油项目。


对通过邮政进入美国的“非法和危险产品”增多的担忧,激发了该计划的电子商务供应链链。国土安全部寻求一个平台,使其能够连接供应链的所有各方,从而提高透明度。通过这种方式,它希望能够更容易地识别非法商品,确保所有卖家都遵守法规,并简化商品进入美国的流程


改变社保号码系统的计划很大程度上是基于对当前现状的隐私担忧,尤其是在最近的数据泄露事件之后。国土安全部正在寻找一种社会安全号码的替代品,这种号码不包含任何可以轻易识别个人身份的信息,而且存储方式更安全。


新冠肺炎已经对国土安全产生了很大影响,目前正在寻找解决其中一些问题的平台。具体来说,它寻求的是一种能够验证从事重要工作和旅行人员资格的系统,以及一种有效限制人际接触的系统,比如限制进入他们的实体办公室。它明确指出,后一项计划应通过帮助将实体文件数字化和建立一个系统来验证那些为了寻求公民身份或庇护等目的而需要进入实体办公室的人的资格。其目的是保护隐私。


提交提案的截止日期是2020年7月10日,今天上午将举行一个讨论项目的虚拟产业日。

 

The U.S. Department of Homeland Security has solicited start-ups to propose blockchain solutions to five separate issues. The program, which is headed by the Science and Technology Directorate branch of the Department, is similar to a previous topic call from 2018 that also had a strong blockchain focus.

Three of the five objectives of the project focus on supply chains, specifically those of food, natural gas, and direct-to-customer e-commerce shipments and are being run by U.S. Customs and Border Protection. The other two are searching for a more secure alternative identifier to the social security number and effective solutions to problems that the Covid-19 pandemic has afflicted on Homeland Security.

The food project seeks to improve the safety and visibility of the supply chain. It aims to automate the often-arduous process of validating country-of-origin data as well as helping to streamline and simplify the process. As a U.S. Customs and Border Protection project, one of the purposes is to apply appropriate duties. Additionally, it is hoped that this will “reduce spoilage and waste” and “expedite inspection times”, making the whole process simpler and more streamlined.

Largely as a result of the US-Mexico-Canada Agreement, the natural gas project aims to facilitate communication between governments and institutions and increase transparency. In particular, it targets creating connections between supply chain documents and import/export declarations, as well as simplifying in-bond processing. Previously, Customs and Border Protection ran a similar project for oil.

Fears surrounding a rise in “illicit and dangerous products” entering the U.S. via post has inspired the e-commerce supply chain strand of the scheme. Homeland Security seeks a platform that would allow it to connect all parties across the supply chain, thus increasing transparency. Through this, it hopes to identify illicit goods with greater ease, ensure that all sellers comply with regulations, and simplify the process by which goods enter the U.S.

Plans to change the social security number system are largely based on privacy concerns over the current status quo, especially in the wake of recent data breaches. Homeland Security is seeking an alternative to social security numbers that do not contain any information that could easily identify an individual and would be stored in a more secure manner.

Covid-19 has impacted Homeland Security to a great extent and it is looking for platforms to address some of the issues. Specifically, it seeks a system that could validate the eligibility of people conducting essential work and travel as well as one to effectively limit human contact, such as entry into their physical offices. It has specified that the latter plan should be tackled by helping to digitize physical documents and creating a system to validate the eligibility of those needing to enter their physical offices for purposes such as seeking citizenship or asylum. The aim is to safeguard privacy.

The deadline to submit a proposal is July 10th, 2020, and a Virtual Industry Day to discuss the projects is being held this morning.

 

来自: Ledger Insights