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阿里巴巴加入IPCSA的区块链提单倡议

2020-6-28 13:42

 

上周,阿里巴巴加入了国际港口社区系统协会(IPCSA)的区块链提单倡议,作为物流能见度特别工作组的一部分。该工作组由阿里巴巴、LOGINK和IPCSA成立,旨在开发数字物流解决方案,加快交易速度。LOGINK是中国政府支持的用于共享物流数据的信息网络。


提单区块链项目旨在标准化区块链在物流和电子商务的应用,并期望很快推出概念验证。以色列港口公司(Israel Ports Company)与ZIM和其他一些公司合作完成了区块链试点项目,目前正在牵头这项计划。


提单是货物从港口放行所必需的重要法律文件。然而,这份文件通常是通过快递与货物分开发送的。这增加了欺诈和文件丢失的风险。


区块链正在进行测试,以实现跨境贸易文件的无缝转移,以及货物流动的实时跟踪。


阿里巴巴集团标准化部门负责人朱宏宇表示:“在发展全球智能供应链的工作中,工作组重点关注跟踪和跟踪解决方案的开发以及ISO标准的使用。”“在这项工作的基础上,阿里巴巴与IPCSA签订了区块链提单倡议,有效地使这成为工作组的第二个工作流程。”


该项目的主要目标是标准化提单数据,以便贸易参与者能够在货物从一个点移动到另一个点时准确匹配数据。这将为货主、航运公司、货运代理、进口商和银行节省大量时间和金钱。


IPCSA秘书长理查德•莫顿表示:“区块链正在转让一项资产,将货物与港口社区系统所拥有的信息联系起来具有巨大的价值。”“这可以将提单与货物移动过程中的任何‘事件’相匹配,例如,货物已经装船、到达港口、卸货、通关或出了大门。”


莫顿还阐明了解决方案的进展情况。“让人们使用结构化数据——尤其是中小企业——是一个挑战。IPCSA提单在第一个版本中也可以添加PDF和JPG文件,但最终将完全基于区块链结构化数据。”


IPCSA也认可了数字集装箱航运协会(DCSA)关于开发提单开放标准的白皮书。


今年早些时候,阿里巴巴(Alibaba)、蚂蚁金服(Ant Financial)和招商局港口集团(China Merchants Port Group)表示,它们正在探索区块链在中国的智能港口平台。平安的OneConnect也在与招商局港口集团合作开发智能港口。

 

Last week, Alibaba joined the International Port Community Systems Association’s (IPCSA) blockchain bill of lading initiative as part of the Logistics Visibility Task Force. The task force was set up by Alibaba, LOGINK, and IPCSA to develop digital logistics solutions and speed up trade. LOGINK is China’s state backed information network for sharing logistics data.

The bill of lading blockchain project aims to standardize blockchain applications in logistics and e-commerce and expects to launch a proof of concept soon. Israel Ports Company is leading the initiative after it completed blockchain pilots with ZIM and a few others. 

The bill of lading is an essential legal document required for releasing cargo from a port. However, this document is usually sent separately from the shipment using a courier. This increases the risk of fraud and the potential loss of documents. 

Blockchain is being trialed to seamlessly transfer trade documents across borders, along with real-time tracking of cargo movement. 

“In its work to develop global smart supply chains, the Task Force has focused on the development of track and trace solutions and the use of ISO standards,” said Zhu Hongu, Head of the Standardization Department at Alibaba Group. “Following on from this work, Alibaba has signed up to the IPCSA Blockchain Bill of Lading initiative, effectively making this a second workstream of the Task Force.”

The project’s main objective is to standardize the bill of lading data so trade participants can accurately match data as the cargo moves from one point to another. This would save shippers, shipping lines, freight forwarders, importers and banks significant time and money.

“Blockchain is transferring an asset and there is huge value in linking the consignment to the information that Port Community Systems hold,” said Richard Morton, secretary-general of IPCSA. “This can match the Bill of Lading to any ‘event’ during the movement of the cargo – for example, that the cargo has been loaded on the ship, arrived at port, been unloaded, been cleared by customs, or exited the gate.”

Morton also clarified how the solution is expected to progress. “Getting people to use structured data – especially small and medium-sized companies – is a challenge. The IPCSA Bill of Lading will also accept adding PDF and JPG documents in the first version, but ultimately it will be entirely based on Blockchain structured data.”

The IPCSA also acknowledged the Digital Container Shipping Association (DCSA) whitepaper on developing open standards for the bill of lading. 

Earlier this year, Alibaba, Ant Financial and China Merchants Port Group said they were exploring blockchain for a smart port platform in China. PingAn’s OneConnect is also working with China Merchants Port Group for smart ports.

 

来自: Ledger Insights