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China to catalyze entrepreneurship, innovation, boosting employment for key grou ...

2020-7-16 10:56

BEIJING, July 15 (Xinhua) -- China will roll out new measures to catalyze entrepreneurship and innovation with special focus on employment of and business start-up by college graduates and other key populations, the State Council's executive meeting chaired by Premier Li Keqiang decided Wednesday.

The nationwide initiative spurring entrepreneurship and innovation is a crucial underpinning for sustaining and expanding employment, and nurturing new drivers of growth. Premier Li Keqiang highlighted the need to further take forward the entrepreneurship and innovation initiative, and catalyze its role in promoting employment, especially for college graduates.

The meeting underlined the imperative to make all-round efforts to maintain stability on the six fronts and security in the six areas.

Given the shocks caused by COVID-19 and shifting environment for development, the meeting urged keeping to the strategy of innovation-driven development, and spurring society-wide entrepreneurial activities and innovation, to unleash market vitality and people's creativity.

New drivers of growth will be fully harnessed to support jobs and market entities, with a particular focus on the employment of college graduates, rural migrant workers who have returned to their hometowns and other key populations.

"Stimulating entrepreneurship and innovation is highly important for providing employment for key groups of people and increasing their income. Competent departments should work out greater support for the employment of college graduates and rural migrant workers," Li said.

A series of concrete measures were adopted at the meeting. Support for entrepreneurs and innovators will be scaled up. Special funds will be earmarked from central budgetary investment for the development of the entrepreneurship and innovation demonstration centers.

Idle factory buildings and under-used land will be brought into full play as part of greater support for key entrepreneurial and innovation projects.

Government-invested incubators will provide a portion of their venues free of charge to college graduates and rural migrant workers.

One-off subsidies may be granted to first-time entrepreneurs returning or moving to the countryside, who have kept their business start-ups in regular operation no less than a year.

Demonstration programs for boosting employment by entrepreneurial activities will be carried out. Enterprises, entrepreneurship and innovation demonstration centers, and online platforms will be encouraged to jointly provide training on entrepreneurial skills in nursing, elderly care, domestic services, tourism and e-commerce to help shape the expectation of job-seekers and broaden their prospects for employment.

"We need to provide proper guidance for college graduates in their expectations for jobs, and encourage them to start their own businesses," Li said.

The entrepreneurship and innovation demonstration centers will be encouraged to build platforms for integrated cross-regional development involving companies of different sizes. And platforms providing specialized services will be built for the commercialization of scientific and technological research outcomes.

Financial institutions will be encouraged to provide insurance services for the financial leasing of equipment and entrepreneurial activities.

Restrictions on sectors where insurance funds may be used for financial equity investment will be lifted, and the quota transfer of equity investment and venture capital investment will be piloted in regional equity markets.

The meeting urged stepping up basic research in mathematics, physics, chemistry and biology, and encouraging teenagers to learn and explore basic theories.

"University students need to be further encouraged to study and research basic theories, to underpin the country's ability to innovate. Without a solid ground in basic research, it is impossible to make significant progress," Li stressed.

 

新华网北京7月15日电国务院总理李克强15日主持召开的国务院常务会议决定,我国将推出促进创业创新的新措施,重点抓好高校毕业生等重点人群就业创业。


全民创业创新是保持和扩大就业、培育新动能的重要支撑。李克强总理强调,要进一步推进创业创新,发挥创业创新在促进就业特别是大学生就业中的作用。


会议强调,要全面维护“六面稳定”、“六面安全”。


面对新冠肺炎疫情和发展环境变化带来的冲击,会议提出,要坚持创新驱动发展战略,推动全社会创业创新,释放市场活力和人民创造活力。


充分发挥新动能对就业和市场主体的支撑作用,重点抓好高校毕业生、返乡农民工等重点人群就业。


“鼓励创业创新,对重点人群就业和增加收入具有重要意义。有关部门应制定更多支持高校毕业生和农民工就业的政策。”


会议上采取了一系列具体措施。加大对企业家创新者的支持力度。中央预算内投资安排专项资金,支持创业创新示范中心建设。


充分发挥闲置厂房和土地利用不足作用,加大对重大创业创新项目的支持力度。


政府投资的孵化器将向高校毕业生和农民工免费提供部分场地。


对首次下乡、下乡创业并保持正常经营一年以上的,可以给予一次性补贴。


开展创业促进就业示范。鼓励企业、创业创新示范中心、网络平台联合开展护理、养老、家政、旅游、电子商务等创业技能培训,帮助塑造就业期望,拓宽就业前景。


李说:“我们需要为大学毕业生的就业期望提供适当的指导,并鼓励他们创业。”


鼓励创业创新示范中心建设规模企业跨区域融合发展平台。为科技成果转化搭建专业化服务平台。


鼓励金融机构为设备融资租赁和创业活动提供保险服务。


取消保险资金可用于金融股权投资领域的限制,在区域股权市场开展股权投资和风险投资额度转移试点。


会议敦促加强数学、物理、化学和生物的基础研究,并鼓励青少年学习和探索基础理论。


“需要进一步鼓励大学生学习和研究基础理论,以巩固国家的创新能力。没有坚实的基础研究,就不可能取得重大进展,”李强调。

 

来自: xinhua