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空客争端:欧盟呼吁美国“立即取消不合理关税”

2020-7-27 13:27

 

布鲁塞尔,7月24日(新华社)——欧盟周五表示,空中客车公司已与法国和西班牙达成协议,取消给予飞机制造商有争议的利益,旨在结束欧盟和美国在世界贸易组织(WTO)就补贴问题的长期争端。


根据欧盟委员会(European Commission)发布的一份声明,法国和西班牙政府已同意修改A350飞机开发的可偿还启动投资条款,以反映市场状况。法国和西班牙是空中客车(Airbus)拥有工厂的几个欧洲国家之一。


委员会称,此举的目的是解决长期存在的争端始于2004年,当美国指责法国、西班牙和德国——也被称为“空客成员国”——提供非法补贴和赠款支持一系列空中客车产品的生产。


经过漫长的法律程序,世贸组织允许美国在2019年10月对欧洲出口产品采取高达75亿美元的反制措施。其依据是2018年的一项决定,该决定发现欧盟和“空客成员国”没有完全遵守之前WTO关于A350和A380项目可偿还启动投资的裁定。


欧盟说,上周五的行动解决了世贸组织谴责的最后剩余措施,从而消除了美国继续对欧盟出口采取反制措施的任何理由。


欧盟贸易专员Phil Hogan表示:"对欧洲产品征收不合理关税是不可接受的,鉴于空客案的合规情况,我们坚持要求美国立即取消这些不合理关税。"


在另一起类似案件中,欧盟指控美国向波音公司提供补贴。2019年4月11日的WTO裁决证实,美国没有采取适当行动遵守WTO规则。这位WTO仲裁员将在未来几周内就欧盟可能采取的报复措施的价值做出裁决。


霍根说:“欧盟已经提出了具体建议,希望就长期存在的跨大西洋民用飞机争端达成一个谈判结果。欧盟仍愿意与美国合作,就未来航空业补贴的规则达成一个公平、平衡的结果。”

 

BRUSSELS, July 24 (Xinhua) -- The European Union (EU) on Friday said that Airbus had agreed with France and Spain to remove contentious benefits granted to the aircraft manufacturer, aiming to end a long-running dispute between the EU and the United States at the World Trade Organization (WTO) over subsidies.

According to an announcement issued by the European Commission, the governments of France and Spain, two of several European countries hosting Airbus factories, have agreed to modify the terms of the Repayable Launch Investment for development of the A350 aircraft to reflect market conditions.

The Commission said the aim of the move was to settle the long-standing dispute which began in 2004, when the U.S. accused France, Spain and Germany -- also known as the "Airbus member states" -- of providing illegal subsidies and grants to support the production of a range of Airbus products.

Following prolonged legal proceedings, the WTO allowed the U.S. to take countermeasures against European exports worth up to 7.5 billion U.S. dollars in October 2019. The basis for this was a 2018 decision that found that the EU and the "Airbus member states" had not fully complied with previous WTO rulings with regard to Repayable Launch Investment for the A350 and A380 programs.

The EU said Friday's action addressed the last remaining measures condemned by the WTO, and thus removed any grounds for the U.S. to maintain its countermeasures on EU exports.

EU Trade Commissioner Phil Hogan said: "Unjustified tariffs on European products are not acceptable and, arising from the compliance in the Airbus case, we insist that the United States lifts these unjustified tariffs immediately."

In a parallel case, where the EU accused the U.S. of granting subsidies to Boeing, a WTO ruling of April 11, 2019, confirmed that the U.S. had not taken appropriate action to comply with WTO rules. The WTO arbitrator's decision on the value of possible EU retaliation is due in the coming weeks.

"The EU has made specific proposals to reach a negotiated outcome to the long running transatlantic civil aircraft disputes and remains open to work with the U.S. to agree a fair and balanced outcome, as well as on future disciplines for subsidies in the aircraft sector," said Hogan.

 

来自: xinhua