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美国商业状况调查显示,上个季度是全球金融危机以来“最糟糕的”季度

2020-7-28 12:10

 

华盛顿,7月27日(新华社)——根据全国商业经济协会(NABE)周一发布的调查报告,上个季度的销售、价格和资本支出是全球金融危机以来最糟糕的。


NABE商业环境调查主席、哈佛大学肯尼迪学院高级研究员Megan Greene说:“企业已经采取了一系列特别措施,限制新冠病毒对企业的负面财务影响,包括冻结招聘、终止雇佣和休假。”


美国劳工部星期四报告说,截至7月18日的那个星期,美国首次申请失业救济的人数上升到140万,新冠肺炎病例再次出现,扭转了近四个月来新申请人数连续下降的趋势。


根据最新的失业救济数字,过去18周首次申请失业救济的人数达到惊人的5270万,表明COVID-19大流行对经济的影响越来越大。


NABE的调查还显示,三分之一的公司已经恢复正常运营,但几乎同样多的受访者说,他们预计公司恢复正常运营的时间不会超过六个月。


格林说:“绝大多数受访者预计,2019冠状病毒病将使未来的招聘和工作安排更加灵活,80%的受访者表示,他们的公司在危机后将继续为员工提供某种程度的远程工作。”


NABE总裁兼毕马威首席经济学家Constance Hunter指出,7月份的调查结果显示商业环境持续变化,但与4月份的调查相比,大多数指标都有“明显改善”。


"尽管4月多数受访者预计经通胀调整后的国内生产总值(gdp)将从2020年第一季度萎缩至2021年第一季度,但目前调查中三分之二的小组成员预计从2020年第二季度至2021年第二季度将扩张," Hunter说。


美国商务部将于周四公布第二季国内生产总值(GDP)预估。根据亚特兰大联邦储备银行(Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta)的最新预估,第二季实质国内生产总值(GDP)环比年率料萎缩34.3%。

 

WASHINGTON, July 27 (Xinhua) -- Respondents report that last quarter was the worst since the global financial crisis for sales, prices, and capital spending, according to a National Association for Business Economics (NABE) survey released Monday.

"Firms have imposed a number of special measures to limit the negative financial impact of COVID-19 on their firms, including freezing hiring and terminating and furloughing employees," said NABE Business Conditions Survey Chair Megan Greene, also a senior fellow at Harvard Kennedy School.

The Labor Department reported Thursday that the number of initial jobless claims in the United States rose to 1.4 million in the week ending July 18 amid a resurgence in COVID-19 cases, reversing nearly four months of consecutive declines in new applications.

With the latest numbers on unemployment benefits, a staggering 52.7 million initial jobless claims have been filed over the past 18 weeks, indicating the mounting economic fallout of the COVID-19 pandemic.

The NABE survey also showed that one in three firms has resumed normal operations, but nearly as many respondents say they don't expect their firms to return to normal operations for more than six months.

"The vast majority of respondents anticipate COVID-19 will lead to more flexible hiring and work arrangements in the future, with 80 percent reporting their firms will continue to have some degree of remote working for employees post-crisis," Greene said.

NABE President and KPMG chief economist Constance Hunter noted that the July survey results reveal continued changes in business conditions, but with "marked improvements" in most indicators compared to the April survey.

"While most respondents in April expected inflation-adjusted gross domestic product to contract from the first quarter of 2020 to the first quarter of 2021, two-thirds of panelists in the current survey expect an expansion from the second quarter of 2020 to the second quarter of 2021," Hunter said.

The U.S. Commerce Department will release the advance estimate for gross domestic product (GDP) for the second quarter on Thursday. According to the latest projection from the Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, real GDP in the second quarter is expected to contract at an annualized rate of 34.3 percent.

 

来自: xinhua