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受COVID-19疫情影响,德国第二季度GDP下降10.1%

2020-7-31 11:20

 

柏林,7月30日(新华社)——周四,德国联邦统计局(Destatis)宣布,德国2020年第二季度的国内生产总值(GDP)比上季度下降10.1%。


德斯塔提指出,这是“自1970年德国开始进行季度GDP计算以来的最大降幅”。这一降幅甚至比金融危机期间还要大,当时德国GDP在2009年第一季度下降了4.7%。


德国基尔世界经济研究所(IfW Kiel)预测部门主管Stefan Kooths周四在一份新闻声明中表示:“冠状病毒已经让德国经济自由落体。”


Destatis表示,商品和服务的进出口以及家庭消费支出和机械设备的资本形成也出现了“大幅下滑”。


然而,Destatis注意到,在COVID-19危机期间,德国政府增加了消费支出。


今年6月,德国政府制定了一项总额为1300亿欧元(1526亿美元)的经济刺激计划,计划在2020年和2021年实施。刺激消费的措施包括暂时降低增值税,为陷入困境的公司提供贷款,以及为每个孩子发放一次性300欧元的奖金。


Kooths周四说:“好消息是,危机的最低点已经过去了。”但他警告说,COVID-19危机“远未结束”。德国将在“未来很长一段时间内”继续感受到经济后果。

 

 

BERLIN, July 30 (Xinhua) -- German gross domestic product (GDP) in the second quarter (Q2) of 2020 dropped by 10.1 percent compared to the previous quarter, the German Federal Statistical Office (Destatis) announced on Thursday.

This was "the largest decline since the beginning of quarterly GDP calculations for Germany in 1970," Destatis noted. The drop was even larger than during the financial crisis when German GDP had fallen by 4.7 percent in first quarter of 2009.

"The coronavirus has sent the German economy into free fall," said Stefan Kooths, head of forecasting of the Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW Kiel) in a press statement on Thursday.

According to Destatis, a "massive slump" was also recorded for exports and imports of goods and services as well as for household consumption expenditure and capital formation in machinery and equipment.

However, Destatis noted that consumption expenditure by the German government had been raised during the COVID-19 crisis.

In June, the German government set up an economic stimulus package worth a total of 130 billion euros (152.6 billion U.S. dollars) for the years 2020 and 2021. The measures to boost consumption included a temporary reduction of value-added tax (VAT), loans for struggling companies and a one-time 300-euro per child bonus.

"The good news is that the low point of the crisis is now behind us," said Kooths on Thursday but warned that the COVID-19 crisis was "far from over." Germany would continue to feel the economic consequences for a "long time to come."

 

来自: xinhua