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欧盟和中国讨论了在央行数字货币领域开展合作的可能性

2020-7-31 11:37

 

周二,欧盟和中国通过视频会议进行了贸易和经济讨论,其中以供应链和央行数字货币(CBDC)为主题。然而,政治上独立的欧洲央行(ECB)有责任建立CBDC,而他们并不是参与者。


双方声明的语气略有不同。欧盟委员会经济事务副总裁东布罗夫斯基斯和贸易专员霍根也提到了互惠和进入中国市场的必要性。


中共中央政治局委员、国务院副总理刘鹤和几位中国副部长出席了会议。中方声明称,“双方都致力于继续推动欧元和人民币的国际化。”


此外,声明称,双方同意“加强数字货币和金融技术领域的信息共享、交流与合作”。


欧盟委员会的声明说,各方讨论了“欧元和人民币的国际作用”。


“当前的危机让我们别无选择,只能与包括中国在内的全球伙伴携手合作。通过共同努力,我们可以更快地恢复经济,并在贸易和投资关系等共同感兴趣的领域取得进展。”


在中国,中央银行可能是中央集权的,但是在欧盟,欧洲中央银行是一个独立的机构。它有权发行纸币,并正在进行CBDC研究。关于独立性,欧洲央行声明,它不允许“接受欧盟机构或机构、欧盟成员国政府或其他机构的指示。”


此前,日本一家新闻媒体称,今年晚些时候的G7会议将讨论CBDC问题。中国不是七国集团的成员,其他CBDC国际合作也没有公开提及中国。然而,国际清算银行(BIS)在香港设立了它的第一个创新中心,尽管在内地没有这样的创新中心。


在主要大国中,中国被认为是发展最先进的数字元,也被称为DCEP,并计划进行第二轮试点。与此同时,欧盟正在加紧对数字欧元的研究,并受到法国等个别国家的鼓励,法国正在进行自己的大规模CBDC试验。

 

On Tuesday, the European Union and China had trade and economic discussions via video conferencing in which supply chains and central bank digital currencies (CBDC) featured. However, the politically independent European Central Bank (ECB) has responsibility for a CBDC and they were not a participant.

The tone of the announcements from each side was a little different. The EU emphasized the need for reciprocity and access to China’s market, which was mentioned by European Commission EVP for the Economy, Valdis Dombrovskis and Commissioner for Trade, Phil Hogan.

The meeting was attended by Chinese Politburo member and Vice Premier of the State Council Liu He, joined by several Chinese deputy ministers. The Chinese announcement stated that “both parties are committed to continuing to promote the internationalization of the euro and the renminbi.”

Additionally, it said that the parties agreed to “strengthen information sharing and exchanges and cooperation in the fields of digital currency and financial technology.”

The European Commission statement said the parties discussed “the international role of the Euro and of the RMB.”

“The current crisis gives us no other option but to work hand in hand with our global partners, including China. By pulling together we can recover more quickly economically, and make progress on areas of mutual interest such as trade and investment relations,” said Dombrovskis.

In China, the central bank may be centrally directed, but in the EU, the European Central Bank (ECB) is an independent body. It has the right to issue banknotes and is conducting CBDC research. Regarding independence, the ECB states that it is not allowed “to take instructions from EU institutions or bodies, from any government of an EU Member State or from any other body.”

The news of cooperation follows recent claims by a Japanese news outlet that the meetings later this year of the G7 will include discussions of a CBDC. China is not part of the G7 and other international CBDC collaborations have not mentioned China publicly. However, the Bank for International Settlements (BIS) set up one of its first BIS Innovation Hub’s in Hong Kong, although there isn’t one on the mainland.

Of the major powers, China is seen as the most advanced in progressing the digital yuan, also called the DCEP, and is planning a second round of pilots. Meanwhile, the EU is ramping up its research for a digital euro and is being encouraged by individual states such as France, which is running its own wholesale CBDC trials.

 

来自: Ledger Insights