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丹麦政府鼓励使用区块链来打击贪污

2020-9-7 12:59

 

丹麦发展合作部发布了一份报告,承认区块链是打击腐败的工具,特别是在难民营。这份名为《诚信守则》(Code to Integrity)的报告将在10月份的国际反腐败会议(International Anti-Corruption Conference, IACC)上发表。


这篇论文描述了创新和技术如何成为打击腐败的强大工具,为企业、政府和利益相关者提供了更多的监督。


它将区块链列为解决腐败问题的四大途径之一。该技术的数据记录安全透明的特点可以用来确保援助、土地和金钱的权利,并防止欺诈。


一个案例研究强调了难民往往缺乏身份证明,尤其是在逃离冲突地区的时候。没有身份,就很难拥有任何权利,无论是用银行账户付款的能力还是投票的能力。区块链和生物识别技术可以解决这个问题。它以世界粮食计划署为例,该组织在帮助约旦和巴基斯坦的难民时使用了生物识别身份。


优势包括基于区块链的资金转移的低成本性质、减少甚至消除银行等中介机构,以及电子身份的可能性。


缺点也是公认的。身份与个人数据的频繁关联引发了对数据隐私的担忧。报告中还提出了“被遗忘权”的问题。欧洲通用数据保护条例(GDPR)的这一特点意味着个人可以要求删除自己的数据。然而,区块链技术的本质意味着数据不能被修改,更不用说删除了。卫生部理解,由于关于区块链的数据是不可改变的,错误可能对个人产生负面影响。然而,该报告继续表示,这些问题已经在调查中。


一个普遍提出的观点是,如果数据有缺陷或有偏差,就有可能出现不公正。在区块链上下文中,我们注意到它只能在添加数据后帮助防止篡改。如果信息在到达区块链之前就被破坏了,比如说土地所有权,那么就太晚了。


我们之前已经报道了许多区块链土地注册的例子,包括在墨西哥。


公共采购是解决腐败的一个重要领域,在过去,我们已经强调了区块链在韩国和世界经济论坛的使用案例。


腐败的一个主要影响是“信任的腐蚀”。同样,数据泄露和网络攻击也让公众对目标机构失去了信任。丹麦政府相信区块链可以帮助恢复这一局面。

 

Denmark’s Ministry for Development Cooperation has released a report that recognizes blockchain as a tool to fight corruption, particularly in refugee camps. Named ‘Code to Integrity,’ the report will be presented in the International Anti-Corruption Conference (IACC) in October. 

The paper describes how innovation and technology are powerful tools in the battle against corruption, offering increased oversight of businesses, governments, and stakeholders. 

It identifies blockchain as one of four avenues to tackle corruption. The technology’s feature of secure and transparent data recording could be used to ensure rights to aid, land, and money and prevent fraud. 

One case study highlights how refugees often lack proof of identity, especially when fleeing conflict regions. Without an identity, it’s very hard to have any rights, whether that’s the ability to make payment with a bank account or to vote. Blockchain and biometrics can address this problem. It gives the World Food Program example, which uses a biometric identity when aiding refugees in Jordan and Pakistan.

Advantages include the low-cost nature of blockchain-based money transfers, the reduction or even elimination of intermediaries such as banks, and the possibilities of electronic identities. 

Disadvantages are also recognized. The frequent linking of identity with personal data raises data privacy concerns. The “right to be forgotten” issue was also raised in the report. This feature of Europe’s General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) means an individual can request their data to be erased. Yet, the very nature of blockchain technology means data cannot be modified, let alone erased. The Ministry understands that since the data on the blockchain is immutable, errors could have a negative impact on individuals. However, the report continues by saying these issues are already being looked into.

A general point raised is that if data is flawed or biased, there’s the possibility of injustices. Looking at that in the blockchain context, we note that it can only help prevent tampering after the data is added. If information is corrupted before it gets to the blockchain, say for a land title, then it’s too late. 

We’ve previously reported numerous examples of blockchain land registries, including in Mexico

Public procurement is an important area for tackling corruption, and in the past, we’ve highlighted blockchain use cases in Korea and by the World Economic Forum

A major impact of corruption is the ‘corrosion of trust.’ Similarly, data breaches and cyber-attacks have also caused the public to lose trust in the targeted organization. The Danish Ministry believes blockchain could help to restore this.

 

来自: Ledger Insights