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俄罗斯财政部正提议立法限制加密货币的流通

2020-9-8 13:49

 

据俄罗斯新闻媒体消息报报道,俄罗斯财政部正提议立法限制加密货币的流通。该部门希望修改7月份通过并将于明年1月生效的《数字金融资产法》。


DFA更关注于使数字证券和代币成为可能,但也定义了像比特币和以太币这样的数字货币。当时,人们预计会有一部独立的联邦法律来规范加密货币的流通。但铁道部似乎认为这条路线会更快。


虽然一段时间以来,俄罗斯似乎不会完全禁止加密货币,但这项最新提议涉及实质性的限制。财政部对联邦法律提出的修正案将使加密货币矿工无法收到加密货币形式的付款。不过,生产加密资产仍将被允许,这意味着参与该基金的矿商可以获得法定货币支付。


此外,提议“彻底”禁止所有虚拟货币交易。非法流通和交易数字货币的公民可能面临高达10万卢布(1324美元)的罚款或7年监禁。相比之下,法律实体可能面临最高100万欧元(13 240美元)的罚款。


然而,有三个例外:继承、破产和强制执行程序。


从法律上讲,律师甚至其他部门之间似乎存在相当大的混淆。俄罗斯经济发展部(Ministry of Economic Development)对俄罗斯经济可能因离岸交易而遭受的损失表示担忧。在另一个例子中,可以包括数字奖励积分解决方案。因此,预计将对立法草案进行修订。


印度还试图限制加密货币的流通,但没有通过立法。相反,央行施加了限制,这意味着加密货币交易不能使用银行账户。最高法院推翻了中央银行的禁令,交易所开始交易。然而,立法仍有望通过。

 

Russia’s Ministry of Finance is proposing legislation to restrict the circulation of cryptocurrencies, according to Russian news outlet Izvestia. The Ministry wants to amend the  Digital Financial Assets (DFA) Law, which was passed in July and comes into effect next January.

The DFA Law focused more on enabling digital securities and tokens but also defined digital currencies such as Bitcoin and Ether. At the time, it was expected a separate federal law would regulate the circulation of cryptocurrencies. But it appears the Ministry believes this route will be quicker. 

While it seemed for a while that Russia was not going to outright ban cryptocurrencies, this newest proposal involves substantial restrictions. The Ministry of Finance’s proposed amendment to the federal law will make cryptocurrency miners unable to receive payment in the form of cryptocurrencies. However, producing crypto assets will still be permitted, which means miners who are part of a pool could receive fiat currency payment.

Additionally, an ‘outright’ ban on all virtual money transactions is proposed. Citizens who illegally circulate and transact with digital money may face a fine up to 100,000 rubles ($1,324) or seven years in prison. In contrast, legal entities may face a penalty of up to 1 million ($13,240).

However, there are three exceptions: inheritance, bankruptcy, and enforcement proceedings. 

Legally, there appears to be considerable confusion amongst lawyers and even other Ministries. The Ministry of Economic Development raised concerns over the potential loss to Russia’s economy with transactions pushed offshore.  In another example, digital reward point solutions could be included. Hence, revisions to the draft legislation are expected.

India also attempted to restrict the circulation of cryptocurrencies, but without passing legislation. Instead, the central bank imposed restrictions, which meant cryptocurrency exchanges couldn’t use bank accounts. The Supreme Court overturned the central bank’s ban and exchanges started to trade. However, it’s still expected that legislation will be enacted.

 

来自: Ledger Insights