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全球咨询公司普华永道(PWC)发布了一份关于在国防资产复杂供应链中使用区块链优势的报 ...

2020-9-9 15:46

 

今年8月,全球咨询公司普华永道(PWC)发布了一份关于在国防资产复杂供应链中使用区块链优势的报告。论文强调了三种应用案例:增加透明度,验证供应商,以及加强网络安全。


普华永道使用F-35战斗机作为供应链复杂性的一个例子。每架飞机都有大约30万个零部件,由1900多家供应商生产。有些单独的部件需要来自多个供应商的部件。供应链的层次越高,就越容易受到破坏和网络攻击。因此,普华永道建议应更加重视供应商风险管理。


根据这些说法,在去年的一篇有争议的文章中,彭博社的“大黑客”声称一些由硅谷公司Supermicro生产的计算机主板有一个额外的芯片,而不是原始设计的一部分。根据该报告,该微芯片据称“允许攻击者建立一个秘密的入口,进入任何网络,包括修改过的机器。”“政府和企业都面临着被任何可能受到威胁的部分窥探的风险。考虑到武器系统中包含的信息的敏感性,这类黑客行为可能极其危险。


普华永道强调了区块链的优势,包括供应链效率和透明度的提高。区块链可以验证组件生命周期的每个步骤。它的透明特性可以扩展到供应商网络的所有层次,而不是被孤立在一个单一的部件中。这种技术还可以管理供应链参与者的身份和资格,在其他国家负责敏感武器系统的某些部分时,这一特性特别有用。


区块链可以极大地帮助那些已经接受维持合同的制造商,比如战斗机制造商洛克希德·马丁公司的F-35。这是他们负责支持和维持一个系统,即使它已经使用,这可能会导致巨大的财务后果。区块链可以通过主动识别零件短缺,避免不必要的成本,提高运行性能和效率,极大地帮助这些制造商。


美国国防部很清楚区块链公司的潜力,在过去的一年中授予了区块链公司多个合同。美国海军授予区块链公司SIMBA Chain一份价值950万美元的合同,部署一个基于区块链的消息和交易平台。几个月后,美国空军授予这家公司150万美元,用于其零件追溯项目的第二阶段。


区块链不再是一个未经测试的新解决方案;它有提高透明度和性能的潜力……鉴于这种潜力,唯一的问题是哪个OEM会足够大胆地抓住主动权。”

 

This August, global consultancy firm PriceWaterhouseCoopers (PWC) released a report on the advantages of using blockchain in the complex supply chain for defense assets. The paper highlights three uses cases: to increase transparency, to validate suppliers, and to strengthen cybersecurity. 

PWC used F-35 fighter jets as an example of the intricacies of the supply chain. Each jet has around 300,000 components manufactured by over 1,900 suppliers. Some individual parts alone require components from multiple suppliers. The more levels in a supply chain, the more disposed it is to disruptions and cyberattacks. Hence, PWC recommends more importance should be given to supplier risk management.

Along these lines, in a controversial article last year, Bloomberg’s “The Big Hack” claimed that some computer motherboards produced by Silicon Valley firm Supermicro had an additional chip that was not part of the original design. According to the report, the microchip allegedly “allowed the attackers to create a stealth doorway into any network that included altered machines.” Both governments and companies face a risk of snooping from any potentially compromised parts. Given the sensitivity of the information contained within the weapons systems, hacks of this kind can be extremely dangerous. 

PWC stressed blockchain advantages, including the increase of supply chain efficiency and transparency. Blockchain can validate every step of a components’ life-cycle. Its transparency features can extend to all tiers of the supplier network as opposed to being siloed for a single part. The technology can also manage the identities and qualifications of those involved in the supply chain, a particularly useful feature when other countries are responsible for some parts of a sensitive weapons system. 

Blockchain can greatly help manufacturers who have accepted sustainment contracts, like fighter jet manufacturer Lockheed Martin for the F-35. This is where they are responsible for supporting and sustaining a system even once it is in use, which can lead to huge financial consequences. Blockchain can greatly help such manufacturers by proactively identifying parts shortages, avoiding unnecessary costs, and improving operational performance and efficiency.

The U.S. Department of Defense (DOD) is clearly aware of blockchain’s potential, awarding multiple contracts to blockchain firms over the past year. The U.S. Navy awarded blockchain firm SIMBA Chain a $9.5 million contract to deploy a blockchain-based messaging and transaction platform. Months later, The U.S. Air Force awarded the same firm $1.5 million for the second phase of their parts traceability project. 

Blockchain is no longer an untested, novel solution; it has the potential to increase transparency and performance… Given that potential, the only question is which OEM will be bold enough to seize the initiative’, says the PWC report.

 

来自: Ledger Insights