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欧盟和英国官员就有争议的脱欧法案举行紧急会谈

2020-9-11 13:37

 

新华社伦敦9月10日电欧盟和英国高级官员10日在伦敦举行会晤,就英国脱欧法案进行紧急磋商。英国首相鲍里斯·约翰逊试图推翻欧盟与布鲁塞尔达成的脱欧协议的关键部分。


英国内阁办公室部长迈克尔·戈夫在一次“特别会议”上与欧盟委员会副主席马洛斯·塞夫科维奇进行了会谈。


根据欧盟的一份声明,塞夫科维奇对戈夫说,违反退出协议将违反国际法,并危及贸易谈判。


声明称,“毫无疑问”,“及时、全面履行”离婚协议是“一项法律义务”。


Sefcovic敦促英国政府撤销这些措施违反国际法的法案”到月底,“补充说,撤军协议”包含许多机制和法律义务的违反的法律补救措施来解决中包含的文本,在使用欧盟不会害羞。”


英国政府发表了自己的强硬回应,称将“真诚地履行其条约义务”,但补充说,“在我们所处的困难和非常特殊的情况下,记住议会主权的基本原则很重要。”


英国称该法案旨在保护北爱尔兰的和平,但欧盟拒绝接受这一说法,称“恰恰相反”。


Sefcovic说,通过提交英国内部市场法案草案,英国政府已经损害了欧盟的信任,而英国现在必须重新建立信任。


英国周三公布了这项有争议的法案,推翻了约翰逊与布鲁塞尔达成的脱欧协议的部分内容,尽管一位高级大臣明确承认该计划将违反国际法。


新法案将于9月14日在英国议会进行首次正式辩论。其目的是确保北爱尔兰能够继续享受自由进入英国其他地区市场的权利。


该法案公布之际,欧盟正对英国无视欧盟的警告日益愤怒。欧盟警告称,违反该条约将阻碍达成任何贸易协议。英国政府表示,如果不尽快取得进展,他们准备不签署任何协议。


剑桥大学(Cambridge University)公法专家马克·埃利奥特(Mark Elliott)教授称,英国政府的反应“非常可笑”,并表示,按照国际法,英国和其他所有国家一样,都必须遵守条约义务。


埃利奥特说:“英国可能已经离开了欧盟,但它没有离开国际社会或基于规则的国际秩序。”


英国的欧盟成员国身份于1月31日结束,但作为过渡时期的一部分,英国将在12月31日之前遵守欧盟的规定。


双方都表示,未来的贸易协议需要在10月中旬之前达成,以便在2021年1月1日前获得批准。如果届时没有达成协议,英国将按照世贸组织的条款与欧盟进行贸易。

 

LONDON, Sept. 10 (Xinhua) -- Senior officials from the European Union (EU) and Britain met in London on Thursday for hastily arranged talks over a controversial Brexit bill as British Prime Minister Boris Johnson intended to override key parts of the Withdrawal Agreement previously agreed with Brussels.

British Cabinet Office Minister Michael Gove talked with European Commission Vice President Maros Sefcovic in an "extraordinary meeting."

Sefcovic told Gove that violating the Withdrawal Agreement would break international law and jeopardize trade talks, according to an EU statement.

"In no uncertain terms" that the "timely and full implementation" of the divorce deal is "a legal obligation," said the statement.

Sefcovic urged the British government to withdraw these measures that break international law from the bill "by the end of the month," adding that the Withdrawal Agreement "contains a number of mechanisms and legal remedies to address violations of the legal obligations contained in the text, which the EU will not be shy in using."

Issuing its own robust response, the British government said it would "discharge its treaty obligations in good faith," but added that "in the difficult and highly exceptional circumstances in which we find ourselves, it is important to remember the fundamental principle of parliamentary sovereignty."

Rejecting Britain's arguments that the bill is designed to protect peace in Northern Ireland, the EU argued that "it does the opposite."

Sefcovic said that by presenting the draft United Kingdom Internal Market Bill, the British government has damaged the EU's trust which the UK now has to re-establish.

Britain on Wednesday published the controversial bill, which overrides elements of Johnson's Brexit deal with Brussels, despite a senior minister explicitly acknowledging that the plan would breach international law.

The new bill will be formally debated by MPs in the British parliament for the first time on Sept. 14. It is intended to ensure Northern Ireland can continue to enjoy unfettered access to markets in the rest of Britain.

The bill was published amid the EU's growing anger after Britain brushed aside warnings from the regional bloc that breaching the treaty would prevent any trade deal being struck. The British government has said it is prepared to walk away with no deal if progress is not made soon.

Professor Mark Elliott, public law expert at Cambridge University, described the British government's response as "utterly risible," and that Britain, like every other state, is required in international law to abide by its treaty obligations.

"The UK may have left the EU, but it has not left the community of nations or the rules-based international order," said Elliott.

Britain's membership of the EU ended Jan. 31, but as part of a transition period it is sticking with the bloc's rules until Dec. 31.

Both sides have said a future trade deal needs to be agreed by mid-October to enable it to be approved ahead of Jan. 1, 2021. If there is no deal in place by then, Britain will trade with the EU on WTO terms.

 

来自: xinhua