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经济观察:快速,供应,支持-中欧货运列车运营势头良好

2020-9-11 13:48

 

2020年4月12日,一列中欧班列从中国西北部新疆维吾尔自治区的阿拉木图山口驶出。(新华社/萨达特)


中国的跨境铁路互联互通项目顶住了物流下行趋势,保障了稳定的供应和保障,而空运和海运在新冠肺炎疫情中首当其冲。


乌鲁木齐,9月10日(新华社)——一列装载着汽车零部件、服装和其他物品的海军蓝货运列车驶往波兰,运载着中国制造的产品前往欧洲市场。


这列火车从中国出发,途经中国西北部新疆维吾尔自治区的主要铁路口岸阿拉木图山口,当时正行驶在中欧货运列车项目日益增长的线路之一。中欧货运列车项目是中国发起的一个铁路联通项目,旨在促进与欧洲国家的交流。


始于2011年的贸易项目今年在COVID-19阴云中熠熠发光。跨境货运列车逆势而上,确保了稳定的供应和支持,而海空货物运输则首当其冲。


跨越障碍积聚蒸汽


尽管与飞机、子弹头客运列车相比,中欧货运列车的运行速度相形见绌,但近年来,中欧货运列车在交付频率和货运量方面的增长速度不断创新高。


今年1 - 8月,阿拉图关口累计开通中欧班列3094趟,同比增长40.6%。


今年1 - 8月,全国共完成7601趟中欧班列开行,比2019年同期增长44%。


仅在8月份,这类列车就运行了1247辆,连续第四个月超过1000辆,并连续第6个月实现两位数增长。

 

中欧班列客运量的激增,部分是受市场需求上升和海关效率提高的推动。海关官员尹胡飞学(音)表示,多亏了数字海关服务,列车离开阿拉图通行证的暂停时间缩短到了5个小时,而没有这项服务的时间是14小时。


保持供应链运转


随着货运量的强劲增长,贸易量也出现了飙升。8月份,中国共发送了11.3万件20英尺当量的货物,同比增长66%。


贸易对供应链的推动是双向的。轮胎和座椅等中国制造的汽车零部件定期通过中欧班列运往德国,而一些欧洲汽车则使用同样的班列服务出口到中国,比如将奥迪(Audi)汽车运送到中国东北城市长春的班列服务。


中欧货物贸易从电子商品发展到汽车、酒类、跨境电子商务包裹等200多种商品。


中欧货运列车服务,是土地的交通动脉当代铁路像一个版本的骆驼商队,发挥了重要作用在保持物流畅通,确保稳定的材料供应到中国,欧洲和国家沿着路线,赵Lijian说,8月份中国外交部发言人。


一针强心剂


在全球物流受阻的情况下,中欧班列成为运输防疫物资的生命线,为世界各国在应对新冠肺炎经济影响的同时,抗击疫情带来了一线希望。

 

3月25日,满载11万多只医用口罩和766件防护服的中欧班列开出了阿拉图通行证,开启了通过列车向欧洲出口防疫物资的序幕。截至6月底,货运列车服务已向包括德国、法国、意大利、西班牙和波兰在内的国家运送了367万件重27000吨的流行病控制用品。


中国和欧洲的流行创造了机会扩大双边关系,和中国领先的进步在恢复经济活动促进了欧洲和世界其他地区的信心,说Sylwester Szafarz,前波兰驻上海总领事,波兰正在运输项目,有望促进货运列车服务在西欧国家。


中国已承诺进一步升级货运列车服务。7月初,该公司宣布投资2亿元人民币(约2920万美元),在乌鲁木齐、重庆和郑州等五大铁路物流枢纽建设列车仓库。

 

A China-Europe freight train pulls out of Alataw Pass in northwest China's Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, April 12, 2020. (Xinhua/Sadat)

China's cross-border rail connectivity project bucked the downward trend of logistics ensuring steady supply and support, while air and sea cargo transportation had to bear the brunt of the COVID-19 outbreak.

URUMQI, Sept. 10 (Xinhua) -- Loaded with automobile parts, apparel and other items, a navy blue freight train departed for Poland carrying made-in-China products for the European market.

The train, which left China via the Alataw Pass, a major rail port in northwest China's Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, was traveling on one of the growing routes for the China-Europe freight train program, a rail connectivity project initiated by China to boost exchanges with European countries.

The trade project that began in 2011 shone through the COVID-19 cloud this year. The cross-border freight train service bucked the downward trend of logistics ensuring steady supply and support, while air and sea cargo transportation had to bear the brunt of the outbreak.

GATHERING STEAM DESPITE HURDLES

Though the speed of China-Europe freight train service is dwarfed by plane or bullet passenger train, the pace of its growth in terms of delivery frequency and cargo volume has continued to reach new highs lately.

The Alataw Pass saw 3,094 China-Europe freight train trips in the first eight months this year, marking a 40.6-percent year-on-year jump.

Across the country, a total of 7,601 China-Europe freight train trips were made in the first eight months of this year, up 44 percent over the same period in 2019.

August alone saw the operation of 1,247 such trains, the fourth month in a row for the figure to top 1,000 and the sixth consecutive month registering double-digit growth.

A China-Europe freight train carrying medical supplies bound for Madrid of Spain departs from the city of Yiwu, east China's Zhejiang Province, June 5, 2020. (Photo by Lyu Bin/Xinhua)

The surge in China-Europe freight train trips is partly driven by rising market demand and powered by higher customs efficiency. Thanks to digital customs service, the halting duration for the train leaving the Alataw Pass has reduced to as short as five hours, compared with 14 hours without the service, according to Yin Hufeixue, a customs officer at the pass.

KEEP SUPPLY CHAIN ROLLING

In line with the robust rise in cargo trips, trade volume has spiked. Some 113,000 twenty-foot equivalent units of cargo were sent in August, up 66 percent year on year.

The trade's boost to supply chains is a two-way trip. Automobile parts made in China, such as tires and seats, are regularly shipped to Germany through the China-Europe freight train, while some European cars are exported to China using the same freight train service such as the train service transporting Audi vehicles to northeast China's Changchun City.

The products traded between China and Europe via the cargo service have expanded from electronic commodities to over 200 categories of goods including automobiles, wine and cross-border e-commerce parcels.

The China-Europe freight train service, as a land transportation artery like a contemporary railway version of camel caravans, has played an important role in keeping logistics unimpeded and ensuring a stable supply of materials to China, Europe and countries along the routes, said Zhao Lijian, a Chinese foreign ministry spokesperson, in August.

A SHOT IN THE ARM

With travel restrictions disrupting global logistics, the China-Europe freight train service became a lifeline for transporting anti-epidemic supplies, thus bringing a glimmer of hope for people worldwide involved in the fight against COVID-19 while grappling with its economic fallout.

A China-Europe freight train carrying hundreds of tons of medical equipment from China arrives in Belgrade, Serbia on May 26, 2020. (Xinhua/Shi Zhongyu)

On March 25, a China-Europe freight train, loaded with more than 110,000 medical face masks and 766 units of protective suits, left Alataw Pass, kicking off exports of anti-pandemic supplies to Europe using the train service. By the end of June, the cargo train service had delivered 3.67 million items of pandemic control supplies weighing 27,000 tonnes to countries including Germany, France, Italy, Spain and Poland.

The pandemic has created opportunities for China and Europe to expand bilateral ties, and China's leading progress in restoring economic activities has boosted confidence for Europe and the rest of the world, said Sylwester Szafarz, former consul general of Poland in Shanghai, adding that Poland is working on a transportation project that is expected to facilitate freight train service to countries in west Europe.

China has vowed to further upgrade the freight train service. It announced an investment of 200 million yuan (about 29.2 million U.S. dollars) in early July for building train depots in five key logistics hubs of the train service, including Urumqi, Chongqing and Zhengzhou.

 

来自: xinhua