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前英国首相敦促唐宁街放弃有争议的内部市场法案

2020-9-14 13:37

 

12月14日,英国前首相布莱尔在伦敦就英国脱欧问题发表演讲。(新华社)


两个英国前首相约翰·梅杰和托尼•布莱尔(Tony Blair)在2016年的全民公决失败反对Brexit宣称在他们的文章由英国星期日泰晤士报,约翰逊的内部市场法案将“危及和平在北爱尔兰,很难在英国贸易协议谈判和摧毁信任。”


新华网伦敦9月13日电据英国媒体13日报道,英国前首相约翰·梅杰和托尼·布莱尔日前联手指责现任首相鲍里斯·约翰逊,称其提出的立法破坏了其签署的脱欧协议,“羞辱”了英国。


这两位前首相曾在2016年公投中反对英国脱欧,但未获成功。他们在《星期日泰晤士报》(Sunday Times)刊登的文章中称,约翰逊的《英国内部市场法案》将“危及北爱尔兰的和平,加大贸易协议谈判的难度,并破坏对英国的信任”。


就在他们发表声明的前一天,英国政府于周三公布了内部市场法案,并将于周一在下议院(下议院)进行辩论。


该法案推翻了约翰逊与布鲁塞尔达成的脱欧协议的关键内容,尽管一位高级部长明确承认该计划将违反国际法。


据英国政府称,此举旨在确保北爱尔兰能够继续享受不受限制地进入英国其他地区市场的待遇。


这张照片摄于2020年9月8日,英国伦敦,欧洲议会驻英国联络处。(新华社/汉燕)


梅杰和布莱尔还敦促国会议员拒绝约翰逊试图推翻部分脱欧协议,称“这种谈判方式……是不负责任的,在原则上是错误的,在实践中是危险的。”


据当地媒体报道,约翰逊正因这项内部市场法案面临越来越多的批评,来自政界的领导人都对该法案违反国际法、损害英国声誉表示严重担忧。


反对党工党领袖基尔•斯特梅尔指责约翰逊试图藐视退选协议,这是在“重燃旧怨”,但他承诺,如果他能解决“实质性”问题,工党将予以支持。


与此同时,尽管卡梅伦警告说,如果不通过该法案,欧盟可能会“瓜分我们的国家”,但资深保守党人士仍没有放弃他们对首相计划的反对。


保守党的反叛者表示,他们的人数在增加,而约翰逊关于欧盟可以在爱尔兰海建立贸易边界的言论越来越多,这只会让他们的意见变得更加强硬。


尽管存在批评,但英国内阁办公室大臣迈克尔•戈夫(Michael Gove)上周五为新法案进行了辩护,称英国在与欧盟官员就英国内部市场法案进行讨论时已明确表示,该法案的立法时间表将继续按计划进行。


戈夫还重申了政府执行脱欧协议的承诺,包括涵盖北爱尔兰的协议。

 

Former British Prime Minister Tony Blair delivers a speech on Brexit in an event in London, Britain, on Dec. 14, 2018. (Xinhua)

Two British former prime ministers, John Major and Tony Blair, who unsuccessfully opposed Brexit in the 2016 referendum, claimed in their article carried by the Sunday Times newspaper that Johnson's UK Internal Market Bill will "jeopardize peace in Northern Ireland, make it harder to negotiate trade deals and destroy trust in Britain."

LONDON, Sept. 13 (Xinhua) -- John Major and Tony Blair, two former British prime ministers, have teamed up to accuse the current Prime Minister Boris Johnson of "shaming" Britain by proposing legislation which undermines his own Brexit deal, local media reported Sunday.

The two former prime ministers, who unsuccessfully opposed Brexit in the 2016 referendum, claimed in their article carried by the Sunday Times newspaper that Johnson's UK Internal Market Bill will "jeopardize peace in Northern Ireland, make it harder to negotiate trade deals and destroy trust in Britain."

Their statements came just one day before the Internal Market Bill, which was published by the British government on Wednesday, is to be debated in the House of Commons (lower house of parliament) on Monday.

The bill overrides key elements of Johnson's Brexit deal with Brussels, despite a senior minister explicitly acknowledging that the plan would breach international law.

It is intended to ensure Northern Ireland can continue to enjoy unfettered access to markets in the rest of Britain, according to the British government.

Photo taken on Sept. 8, 2020 shows the European Parliament Liaison Office in the United Kingdom in London, Britain.(Xinhua/Han Yan)

Major and Blair also urged MPs to reject Johnson's attempt to override parts of the Brexit deal, calling "this way of negotiating...is irresponsible, wrong in principle and dangerous in practice."

Johnson is facing mounting criticism over the Internal Market Bill as leaders from across the political spectrum raised grave concerns over breaking the international law and damaging Britain's reputation, according to local media.

Leader of the opposition Labour Party, Keir Starmer, accused Johnson of having "reigniting old rows" by working to flout the Withdrawal Agreement, but pledged Labour support if he addresses "substantial" concerns.

Meanwhile, senior Conservatives were not backing down on their rebellion against the prime minister's plans despite his warning that the European Union (EU) could "carve up our country" without the bill.

Tory rebels suggested their numbers were growing and opinions were only hardened by Johnson's increased rhetoric that the EU could impose a trade border in the Irish Sea.

Despite the criticism, British Cabinet Office Minister Michael Gove on Friday defended the new bill, saying Britain had made clear during discussions with EU officials on the UK Internal Market Bill that legislative timetable for the bill would continue as planned.

Gove also reiterated the government's commitment to implementing the Brexit Withdrawal Agreement, including the protocol covering Northern Ireland.

 

来自: xinhua