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专家称,纽约金融业从大流行中复苏,转而分散化

2020-9-14 14:07

新华社纽约9月13日电(记者刘建华)据业内专家介绍,长期以来作为国际金融中心的纽约市,目前金融业正从新冠肺炎疫情中强劲复苏,并逐步走向分散化。

 

纽约金融行业已经从大流行恢复非常强烈的城市已经达到非常认真,与银行派遣员工在家工作,证券交易所停止人来交流和交易大厅的纽约证交所(NYSE)基本上停止了,凯文•陈与地平线金融首席经济学家,最近说。


美国金融博物馆(Museum of American Finance)主席西拉(Richard Sylla)说,纽约受到了疫情的严重冲击,这对纽约市不利。


西拉在最近的一次采访中告诉新华社,很多金融活动都是通过在线计算机交易进行的,“在我看来,金融系统并没有受到太大的影响。”


西拉补充说,临时关闭纽交所交易大厅似乎收效甚微,因为所有交易都是在线数字化的。


陈说,大多数交易都是远程完成的,纽约证交所和纳斯达克仍在营业。他补充说,“有很多首次公开募股(ipo)。许多中国公司在纳斯达克(Nasdaq)和纽约证交所(NYSE)申请ipo,它们的表现一直非常好。”


西拉说:“我认为,当时的情况是,纽约金融界的一些领导人发现,他们的许多交易员和银行家在家里也能工作得很好。”


据媒体报道,摩根大通在过去半年采用了在家办公的模式后,要求其交易员在9月21日之前回到办公室,目的是保留员工之间的友情,并对初级分析师和新入职分析师进行培训。


自2012年以来一直在纽约大学任教的陈说,这是金融业的一个迹象,表明回到纽约是安全的。


实验进行中


陈在最近接受新华社采访时表示:“现在也有很多变革,很多事情实际上已经取代了传统的办公室。”


至于长期发展,陈说,它是混合的,一些工作和会议仍然在城市的实体办公室进行。“但是,我认为未来还有很多工作需要远程完成。所以将会有一个转变,我认为银行和金融机构对办公空间的需求将会比以前减少。”


陈说:“银行、保险公司和资产管理公司将减少租用办公空间,这样他们实际上会节省成本。”


陈还说,写字楼需求减少实际上对金融机构的成本管理有利,但对房东和商业地产则不利。


西拉说,到目前为止,这只是个实验,因为人们还不清楚,在家里安静地单独工作的人,是否能像在办公室一起工作一样,完成那么多的工作。


如果每个人都在家,交易团队的成员很难相互交流。西拉表示:“如果他们在同一个交易大厅,他们可以非常迅速地相互交换想法,而在家里就不那么容易了。”


虽然这种在家工作的模式运作得相当好,但“我们不知道它是否和传统的人们聚在一起工作的方式一样有效。”我认为,我们仍然需要发现这项工作是否能像以前那样高效地完成。”


分散前进


Sylla和Chen都说,金融机构从华尔街和纽约搬出去已经有几十年了。


“过去集中在华尔街周围的注意力实际上已经转移到了住宅区……金融业务地点的转移并不是什么新鲜事。大流行可能会加速,有点“因为大流行使人们意识到他们没有去曼哈顿办公室在一起一整天,希拉说,世卫组织还与伦纳德经济学名誉教授n .纽约大学斯特恩商学院的专业金融机构和市场的历史。


Sylla指出,许多对冲基金已经撤离到康涅狄格州格林威治和斯坦福德的郊区,而在新泽西的许多后台部门也已经撤离。


纽约市将会发生改变,因为它仍然是金融中心,仍然是股票交易所的所在地。但陈表示,其中很多工作都可以在其他地点远程虚拟完成。


“我认为它更像是去中心化,而不是削弱,因为很多功能将被分配到其他城市,”陈说,他引用了北卡罗来纳州的夏洛特、加利福尼亚州的旧金山和田纳西州的纳什维尔不断上升的角色。

 

“它将更加平衡,更加分散,而不是集中在纽约市。这就是未来。你可以称之为去中心化前进。

 

NEW YORK, Sept. 13 (Xinhua) -- New York City, as a long-time international financial center, is seeing its financial industry recovering strongly from the COVID-19 pandemic and becoming more and more decentralized, according to industry experts.

GO VIRTUAL, REMOTE

New York's financial industry has been recovering from the pandemic very strongly though the city had been hit very seriously, with banks sending employees back to work from home, stock exchanges stopping people coming to the exchanges and the trading floor of the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) basically halted, Kevin Chen, chief economist with Horizon Financial, said recently.

New York was hit very hard by the pandemic and that was bad for the city of New York, said Richard Sylla, chairman of the Museum of American Finance.

Still, a lot of financial activity is carried online of computerized trading and "it seems to me that the financial system was not really impacted very much at all," Sylla told Xinhua in a recent interview.

The temporary closure of the trading floor with the NYSE seemed to have very little effect because all the trading went online digitally, Sylla added.

Most of the trading is being done remotely with the NYSE and Nasdaq still open for business, said Chen. He added, "There have been a lot of initial public offerings (IPOs). And a lot of Chinese companies filing IPOs at Nasdaq and NYSE and they have been doing very well."

"I think what happened was that some of the leaders of the New York financial community found out that a lot of their traders and bankers could work pretty well from home," Sylla said.

After adopting a work-from-home mode in the last half year, J.P. Morgan has required its traders to return to offices by Sept. 21, with an eye to retaining employees' camaraderie and training for junior and incoming analysts, according to media reports.

That's a sign of the financial industry that it's safe to be back to New York City, said Chen, who has also been teaching at New York University since 2012.

EXPERIMENT UNDERWAY

There are also a lot of transformations and a lot of things have been done virtually instead of working form the traditional office, Chen said in a recent interview with Xinhua.

As for the long-term development, Chen said it's mixed, with some of the work and meetings still being done in the city at the physical office. "But, I think it's true that a lot of work will be done remotely going forward. So there will be a transformation and I think the need of the office space by the banks, financial institutions are going to be less than before."

The banks, insurance companies and asset management companies are going to rent less office space so they will actually have a cost saving, said Chen.

Less demand for office space is actually a plus for financial institutions in terms of cost management but is a negative for landlords and commercial properties, Chen added.

Sylla said it's an experiment so far because it's not clear that people working individually quietly at home can get as much done as if they were together in their teams at the office.

It's hard for members of trading teams to talk to each other if everybody is at home. "If they're on the same trading floor, they can swap the ideas with each other very quickly, less easily from home," said Sylla.

Though the work-from-home mode has worked fairly well, "we don't know that whether it's just as efficient as the old way of people getting together. I think we still have to discover whether the work gets done as efficiently as it did before," said Sylla.

DECENTRALIZATION GOING FORWARD

It has been decades since financial institutions started to move out of Wall Street and New York City, according to both Sylla and Chen.

"The concentration that used to be around Wall Street has actually moved uptown ... It's nothing new for the location of financial businesses to shift around. The pandemic is probably gonna speed that up a little bit" because the pandemic has made people realize that they don't really have to go and be together in offices in Manhattan all day long, said Sylla, who is also professor emeritus of economics with Leonard N. Stern School of Business of New York University specializing in the history of financial institutions and markets.

A lot of hedge funds were already out in the suburbs in Greenwich and Stamford of Connecticut and a lot of the back office things were over in New Jersey, noted Sylla.

New York City will be transformed in a sense that this is still the financial center and still the location of the stock exchanges. But, many of those things will be done remotely virtually from other locations, said Chen.

"I think it would be more like decentralized instead of weakened, because a lot of functions would be distributed to other cities," said Chen, citing the rising role of Charlotte of North Carolina, San Francisco of California, and Nashville of Tennessee.

"It will be more balanced, more distributed instead of concentrated in New York City. So that's the future. You can call it decentralized going forward," Chen said.

 

原作者: Liu Yanan, Zhang Mocheng, Wei Ying 来自: xinhua