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抗击新冠肺炎的“六项原则”在英国生效

2020-9-15 11:01

 

2020年9月14日,英国伦敦,一名男子走过莱斯特广场的一家餐厅。为了遏制冠状病毒病例的上升,英国于周一开始实施新的严格的社交聚会限制,这意味着在大多数地区,六人以上的团体聚会现在是非法的。英格兰、威尔士和苏格兰的“六人规则”于午夜开始实施,这是遏制近期冠状病毒感染激增的最新举措。(新华社蒂姆·爱尔兰摄)


新华社伦敦9月14日电(记者刘建华)为遏制冠状病毒感染病例的上升,英国周一开始实施新的严格的社交聚会限制,这意味着在大多数地区,六人以上的团体聚会是非法的。


英格兰、威尔士和苏格兰的“六人规则”于午夜开始实施,这是遏制近期冠状病毒感染激增的最新举措。


这项新规定适用于室内和室外环境,警察可以驱散六人以上的集会,并对参与的个人处以罚款。


这些新的限制措施是在中国的繁殖数量(R)自3月份以来首次上升到1 - 1.2之间后实施的。


周日,新冠肺炎病例连续第三天报告超过3000例,这是自5月份以来首次连续三天达到这一严峻的临界点。


有限的社交聚会


新的“六规则”简化并加强了社交聚会的规则,使英国人更容易理解,警察也更容易执行。


这意味着,除了工作和教育等一系列有限的豁免外,任何六人以上的社交聚会都将是违法的。


警察有权驱散任何非法集会,对涉案人员罚款100英镑(约128.87美元),最高罚款为3200英镑(约4120.06美元)的两倍。


目前的情况是,30人以上的大型集会的组织者和促进者,比如未经许可的音乐活动,将被处以最高1万英镑(约合12887.35美元)的罚款。


内政大臣帕特尔(Priti Patel)说:“在我们继续抗击这种病毒的同时,我敦促公众不要在任何场合参加六人以上的社交聚会,无论是室内还是室外。”


最近几周,英国警方继续加强巡逻,并在疫情期间打击非法集会。在一些令人担忧的地区,如莱斯特和大曼彻斯特,部署的规模比新年前夕还要大。


讨论中的报告机制


西北汉普郡的议员基特·马尔萨乌斯鼓励人们使用非紧急电话号码举报任何可疑的违法行为。


他说:“我们正在讨论可能存在的报告机制,但显然有一个非紧急号码,人们可以拨打并报告他们想要的问题。”


当被问及人们是否应该在邻居的花园里报告超过六人的聚会时,马尔豪斯说:“邻居们可以通过非紧急号码来报告,如果他们担心,而且确实看到了这种事情,那么他们绝对应该考虑一下。”


与此同时,伦敦国王学院政策研究所主任鲍比·达菲教授在BBC广播4台的《One的世界》节目中表示,人们举报他人的情况“相对罕见”,而这场危机已经促使人们对当地社区产生了积极情绪。


英国广播公司(BBC)称,在对疫情期间的态度调查中,有二十分之一的人表示,他们曾举报其他人违反规定。


第二波的风险


英国医学协会(BMA)最近进行的一项调查发现,英国86%的医生预计未来6个月将出现冠状病毒大流行的“第二波”。


据当地媒体周一报道,在对8000多名医生和医学生的调查中,53.66%的受访者认为“很可能”,另有32.05%的人认为“很可能”。


近50%的受访者表示,今年冬天卫生服务的第二个高峰是他们最担心的问题,而超过35%的受访者最担心的是应对持续出现的冠状病毒病例以及重启其他常规护理预约的能力。


英国医学协会(BMA)主席Chaand Nagpaul说,现在是政府“遏制感染传播”的时候了。


“在最近几周和几个月,我们看到了失败的测试和跟踪,和持续的混乱信息公众他们能做什么和不能做的,这导致升级病毒传播——这些都被医生强调的重点来获得正确的如果我们有可能防止第二个峰值今年冬天,”他说。

 

A man walks past a restaurant on Leicester Square in London, Britain, on Sept. 14, 2020. In order to curb the rise in coronavirus cases, tough new limits on social gatherings came into force in Britain on Monday, meaning that in most regions, it is now illegal for groups of more than six to meet up. The "rule of six" kicked off at midnight across England, Wales and Scotland in the latest push to curb the recent surge in coronavirus infections. (Photo by Tim Ireland/Xinhua)

LONDON, Sept. 14 (Xinhua) -- In order to curb the rise in coronavirus cases, tough new limits on social gatherings came into force in Britain on Monday, meaning that in most regions, it is now illegal for groups of more than six to meet up.

The "rule of six" kicked off at midnight across England, Wales and Scotland in the latest push to curb the recent surge in coronavirus infections.

The new rule applies across indoor and outdoor settings, with police able to disperse gatherings of over six people and fine individuals involved.

The new restrictions were imposed after the country's reproduction, or R, number escalated to between one and 1.2 for the first time since March.

On Sunday, more than 3,000 COVID-19 cases were reported for the third day in a row -- the first time since May that the grim threshold was hit on three consecutive days.

LIMITED SOCIAL GATHERINGS

The new "rule of six" simplifies and strengthens the rules on social gatherings, making Britons easier to understand and easier for the police to enforce.

It means that, apart from a set of limited exemptions including work and education, any social gatherings of more than six people will be against the law.

Police officers are empowered to disperse any unlawful gatherings and fine individuals involved 100 pounds (about 128.87 U.S. dollars), doubling up to a maximum of 3,200 pounds(about 4,120.06 dollars).

It remains the case that organisers and facilitators of larger gatherings of more than 30 people, such as unlicensed music events, can be subject to fines of up to 10,000 pounds (12,887.35 dollars).

"As we continue to fight this virus, I urge the public not participate in social gatherings of more than six people in any setting, indoors or outdoors," Home Secretary Priti Patel said.

British police have continued to step up patrols in recent weeks and have cracked down on illegal gatherings during the pandemic. Deployments in some areas of concern, such as Leicester and Greater Manchester, have been larger than on New Year's Eve.

REPORTING MECHANISM UNDER DISCUSSION

Kit Malthouse, the MP for North West Hampshire, encouraged people to use the non-emergency phone number to report any suspected violations.

"We are in discussions about what reporting mechanisms there might be, but there is obviously the non-emergency number that people can ring and report issues they wish to," he said.

When asked about whether people should report gatherings larger than six in a neighbour's garden, Malthouse said: "It is open to neighbours to do exactly that through the non-emergency number, and if they are concerned and the do see that kind of thing, then absolutely they should think about it."

Meanwhile, Professor Bobby Duffy, director of King's College London's policy institute, told BBC Radio 4's World at One it was "relatively rare" for people to report others, and the crisis had prompted a rise in positive feelings towards local communities.

One in 20 people said in a survey of attitudes during the pandemic that they had reported others for rule breaches, BBC said.

RISK OF A SECOND WAVE

A recent survey carried out by the British Medical Association (BMA) found that 86 percent of doctors in England anticipated a "second wave" of the coronavirus pandemic in the country in the next six months.

In a poll of more than 8,000 doctors and medical students, 53.66 percent of respondents viewed a second wave as "very likely", while a further 32.05 percent answered "quite likely", local media reported Monday.

Nearly 50 percent said that a second peak was their top concern for the health service this winter, while the capacity to deal with the ongoing coronavirus cases as well as the restart other routine care appointments was most concerning for over 35 percent of respondents.

The chair of the British Medical Association (BMA), Chaand Nagpaul, said that now is the time for the government to "stamp down the spread of the infection."

"Over recent weeks and months, we have seen the failures of test and trace, and ongoing confusing messages to the public on what they can and cannot do, which have resulted in escalation of the virus spreading -- these have both been highlighted by doctors as key priorities to get right if we are to stand a chance of preventing a second peak this winter," he said.

 

来自: xinhua