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新华社头条:中国经济特区迎来新一轮改革

2020-10-12 15:51


周日,中国公布了一项新的深圳综合改革方案,以推动经济特区的高质量发展,创建一个伟大的现代社会主义国家的模范城市。


——根据《规划》,支持深圳开展综合授权改革措施试点,是新时期推进深圳对外开放的又一重大举措,也是建设中国特色社会主义试点示范区的重要举措。


——广东省深圳市被誉为开放发展的典范,是中国最早建立的经济特区之一。


作者:新华社作者:徐金鹏、刘杰、叶倩、李来芳


深圳,10月11日(新华社)——周日,中国公布了一项新的全面改革方案,旨在推动深圳经济特区的高质量发展,创建一个伟大的现代社会主义国家的模范城市。


计划2020 - 2025,一般办公室联合发布的中国共产党中央委员会和国务院赋予地方政府在深圳更直接和更大的在企业,如进行市场经济改革,改善全球企业市场和法律环境,建立一个高层开放经济,为人民生活提供服务,改善生态环境,城市空间。


分析人士说,面对反全球化的逆风,中国正在发出一个强烈的信号,表明中国将坚定不移地进行改革,并通过新的改革进一步向外部世界开放。


广东省深圳市被誉为开放发展的典范,是中国最早建立的经济特区之一。它从一个小镇发展成为一个重要的经济中心,在国内生产总值(GDP)方面超过新加坡。2019年,深圳GDP突破2.69万亿元(约合3968亿美元)。

 

根据该计划,支持深圳开展经批准的综合改革措施试点,是新时期推进深圳对外开放的又一重大举措,也是建设中国特色社会主义试点示范区的关键一步。


1980年,中国最高立法机关全国人民代表大会批准在深圳、珠海、广东汕头和福建厦门设立经济特区,中国改革开放进入快车道。目前,全国经济特区、国家级新区、自由贸易区已达45个,全方位对外开放的格局已基本形成。

 

深圳大学经济学教授钟建表示,新的改革计划预示着新一轮的改革开放。经过40年的发展,中国的改革进入了“深水区”,因为“硬骨头”——也就是困难的问题——需要解决。


在完善要素市场化配置的措施中,文件支持深圳进一步探索土地管理制度,在资本市场建设中采取新措施。

 

该文件称,作为中国高科技产业发展的旗舰,深圳将率先完善数据产权制度,探索保护和利用数据产权的新机制。


据参与起草计划的消息人士透露,改革的关键是“全面授权”,这意味着深圳将被直接授权,率先提高制度开放。


中国(深圳)发展研究院执行副院长郭方达表示,深圳在涉外商业纠纷和数据权利保护等领域的改革,将为全国深化改革开放提供新鲜经验和参考。

 

深圳市委书记王伟忠表示:“发展环境越严峻复杂,我们深化改革的决心就越坚定。”


珠海、厦门、汕头也相继出台了深化改革的方案和措施。例如,珠海已经制定了2020年深化改革的计划,努力加强与澳门特别行政区的合作。


新华社记者马晓然、马晓成和谢江也参与了报道;视频记者:霍思颖、李思佳;视频编辑:刘晓瑞)

 

 

-- China on Sunday unveiled a new comprehensive reform plan for Shenzhen to push high-quality development of the special economic zone and create a model city for a great modern socialist country.

-- According to the plan, supporting Shenzhen in piloting the comprehensive authorized reform measures is another significant step to advance the city's opening-up in the new era and a key move in building a pilot demonstration area of socialism with Chinese characteristics.

-- Known as a paragon of opening-up and development, Shenzhen in Guangdong Province is one of China's earliest special economic zones.

by Xinhua writers Xu Jinpeng, Liu Jie, Ye Qian, and Li Laifang

SHENZHEN, Oct. 11 (Xinhua) -- China on Sunday unveiled a new comprehensive reform plan for Shenzhen to push high-quality development of the special economic zone and create a model city for a great modern socialist country.

The plan for 2020-2025, jointly issued by the general offices of the Communist Party of China Central Committee and the State Council, gives local authorities in Shenzhen a more direct and greater say in businesses, such as carrying out market-based economic reform, improving market and legal environments for global businesses, building a high-level open economy, providing service for people's livelihood, bettering the ecological environment, and urban space.

Aerial photo taken on Sept. 11, 2020 shows a view of downtown Shenzhen, south China's Guangdong Province. (Xinhua/Mao Siqian)

Facing the headwinds of anti-globalization, China is sending a strong signal that the country keeps firm on carrying out reform and opening up further to the outside world through the new reform, analysts said.

Known as a paragon of opening-up and development, Shenzhen in Guangdong Province is one of China's earliest special economic zones. Starting from a small town, it has developed into a key economic hub that surpasses Singapore in terms of gross domestic product (GDP). In 2019, Shenzhen's GDP topped 2.69 trillion yuan (about 396.8 billion U.S. dollars).

Photo taken on Oct. 10, 2020 shows a view of downtown Shenzhen, south China's Guangdong Province. (Xinhua/Mao Siqian)

According to the plan, supporting Shenzhen in piloting the comprehensive authorized reform measures is another significant step to advance the city's opening-up in the new era and a key move in building a pilot demonstration area of socialism with Chinese characteristics.

In 1980, China's opening-up and reform entered a fast lane after the National People's Congress, the country's top legislature, approved the establishment of special economic zones in Shenzhen, Zhuhai, Shantou in Guangdong, and Xiamen, Fujian Province. Today, the country's all-rounded opening-up landscape has taken shape, with its total number of special economic zones, national-level new areas, and free trade zones reaching 45.

Children have fun at a park in Shenzhen, south China's Guangdong Province, Oct. 2, 2020 (Xinhua/Mao Siqian)

According to Zhong Jian, an economics professor at Shenzhen University, the new reform program heralds a new round of reform and opening-up. After 40 years of development, China's reform has entered the "deepwater area," as "hard nuts" -- meaning difficult issues-- need to be cracked.

Among the measures to improve market-based allocation of factors of production, the document supported Shenzhen in further exploring the land management system and taking new measures in the capital market construction.

Employees work at a start-up company in Futian District of Shenzhen, south China's Guangdong Province, Aug. 12, 2020. (Xinhua/Mao Siqian)

As a flagship of China's high-tech industrial development, Shenzhen will take the lead in improving the data property rights system and exploring new mechanisms for protecting and utilizing data property rights, the document said.

Sources involved in the drafting of the plan said the key term of the reform is "comprehensive authorization," which indicates Shenzhen will be directly authorized to take the lead in increasing institutional openness.

The reform in Shenzhen in such areas as foreign-related commercial disputes and data rights protection will provide fresh experiences and a reference for deepening reform and opening-up nationwide, said Guo Fangda, executive vice-president of China (Shenzhen) Development Institute.

Aerial photo taken on June 13, 2020 shows Futian District of Shenzhen, south China's Guangdong Province. (Xinhua/Liang Xu)

"The more severe and complex the development environment is, the more steadfast we are in deepening reform, " said Wang Weizhong, Party secretary of Shenzhen.

Zhuhai, Xiamen, and Shantou have also pushed forward plans and measures to deepen reform. For example, Zhuhai has come up with a plan to deepen reform in 2020, striving for closer cooperation with the Macao Special Administrative Region.

(Xinhua reporters Ma Xiaoran, Ma Xiaocheng, and Xie Jiang also contributed to the story; video reporters: Huo Siying and Li Sijia; video editor: Liu Xiaorui)

 

来自: xinhua