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新华社头条:数字技术在后冠状病毒时代的中国发挥更大作用

2020-10-13 11:35

 

周一,参加第三届数字中国峰会的医院和企业代表表示,随着国家从疫情中恢复,COVID-19加快了中国医疗和工业领域的数字化进程。
——呼吸疾病专家钟南山透露,大数据和人工智能在中国抗击新型冠状病毒中发挥了积极作用,提高了医生诊断和治疗新冠肺炎的能力。

 


——数字化在工业领域也是一种广泛的趋势,因为在疫情肆虐的情况下,工厂纷纷采取措施降低成本、提高效率,以及中国从高速经济增长转向高质量发展之路。


——有关官员表示,2019年中国数字经济增加值超过5万亿美元,同比增长15.6%。智能制造、工业互联互通、电子商务、共享经济已成为推动中国经济增长的重要动力。


福州,10月12日(新华社)——在从中国新冠肺炎疫情前线退役几个月后,一台连接5g的电脑静静地坐在中国东南部福建省的一个展厅里。为了便于运输,这台电脑被安装在轮子上,可以显示当地医院重症监护室的实时图像。


在今年年初中国冠状病毒爆发的高峰期,100多辆这样的5g驱动的手推车在该省的隔离病房周围嗡嗡作响,医学专家无需亲自进入病房就可以与患者面对面地进行咨询。


福建省新冠肺炎远程医疗中心表示,这些小车和其他数字技术帮助顶级医疗专家在福建省进行了1700次远程会诊,特别是在许多缺乏诊断和治疗这种新型呼吸系统疾病能力或专业知识的基层医院。


“我们还使用人工智能(AI)在CT图像送达医生之前进行筛查。每个病人都会有数百张CT图像,所以人工智能的使用节省了我们很多时间,”该中心所在的福建省医院的信息技术工程师程雪松说。


周一,第三届数字中国峰会在福建福州开幕,旨在揭示许多此类数字技术,这些技术已被广泛应用于反病毒战斗和国家的经济和社会发展。


峰会将于10月12日至14日举行,旨在搭建行业交流与合作平台。围绕人工智能、大数据、区块链等数字技术的发展和应用,举办展览和论坛。华为、阿里巴巴和腾讯等科技巨头预计将展示他们的尖端产品。

 

中国拥有规模空前的数字行业,其优势来自于巨大的数据池。中国现在有9.4亿网民;中国国家互联网信息办公室主任庄荣文表示,中国拥有世界上最多的4G用户,为下一代5G无线技术建设了超过50万个基站。


在峰会的开幕式上,庄呼吁加快数字领域的工业化和工业领域的数字化。他还敦促建设数字“一带一路”。


该官员还表示,中国需要在核心信息技术上取得更多突破,国家将加大对国产关键硬件的研发和应用的支持,这些关键硬件包括高端芯片、操作系统、数据库和高端服务器。

 


“至关重要的”杀毒软件的支持


在疫情控制中使用数字技术是今年首脑会议的一个重点,该会议展示了数字在各种医疗场景中的应用,从跟踪发热患者选择的医院到全市卫生数据库。


著名呼吸疾病专家钟南山表示,大数据和人工智能极大地提高了医生诊断、预测和治疗新冠肺炎的能力,特别是大数据技术为了解新冠肺炎提供了“至关重要的支持”。


他在发给峰会的视频信息中说:“在疫情初期,我们通过收集全国1000多名患者的大数据了解了疫情的潜伏期和临床特征,这为早期诊断提供了重要参考。”


随后,大数据分析扩展到5000多名患者,这些患者的数据被用于预测患者康复过程中的主要风险。钟表示,近100万张CT图像数据和人工智能技术也被用于帮助年轻医生进行诊断。


程表示,此次疫情促进了数字技术在中国医院的应用,为了提高整体医疗效率,很多数字技术可能会被保留下来。

 


程说,以远程医疗中心为例,自疫情平息以来,远程医疗中心已将远程会诊服务从17家专门治疗COVID-19的医院扩大到90多家。


工业“必要性”


庄表示,2019年,中国数字经济增加值达到35.8万亿元(超过5万亿美元),同比增长15.6%。智能制造、工业互联互通、电子商务、共享经济已成为推动中国经济增长的重要动力。


随着中国经济从高速增长转向高质量发展,中国政府长期以来一直希望数字技术能够培育新的经济引擎,升级旧产业。大流行病可能会加速工业转型。


国家发展和改革委员会高级官员吴昊表示,新冠肺炎疫情使数字化成为企业的必要而非替代,工业互联网、智能仓储、定制制造等新技术为中国经济注入了新活力。


快速增长的数字经济也为严峻的就业市场提供了缓冲。吴说,2019年社交媒体电子商务从业人员超过4800万人,同比增长58%。


在福建,数字化已经成为各行各业企业和工厂的共同趋势。


在福州的一家蛋鸡养殖场,60万只产蛋母鸡每天早上4点开始一天的生活,它们在自动启动的灯光下,早餐由传送带提供。然后,一个一米高的机器人会四处走动,利用它的传感器收集数据,包括温度、湿度和光线,以便更好地管理。


Goosun总裁余杰表示:“我们越是数字化,从中获益就越多。”他还表示,由于数字技术拥有丰富而全面的数据,因此可以做出“近乎完美的决策”,而过去的决策都是基于经验和猜测。


由于数字化,降低成本,扩大利润空间,Yu说,他的鸡蛋农场经受住了COVID-19的负面影响,保持正增长今年迄今为止。


来自福建省农业和农村事务部门的数据表明,俞的农场并不孤单。全省现有700家农场装备物联网技术,1000多家农业企业正在进行数字化升级。

 

据峰会发布的一份报告显示,数字化使制造业企业的成本下降了17.6%,收入增加了22.6%,而物流企业的成本下降了34.2%,收入增长了33.6%。


福州的一家纺织品制造商景丰公司表示,尽管在大流行期间市场需求紧缩,但在1月到8月间,它的产量和盈利能力保持了10%的增长。


“一旦我们销售人员输入客户的需求在我们的管理应用程序,他们的信息从我们的工厂将匹配数据,如价格、股票和可用的流水线,和系统将决定是否接受命令和安排交付或生产因此,”傅工厂经理Chongxian补充说,智能系统可以帮助工厂节省近7000万元的劳动,每年能源消耗和原材料。


中国科技巨头阿里巴巴的首席执行官张勇表示:“很明显,新冠肺炎加快了中国的数字化进程。”该公司是健康二维码的主要供应商之一,该二维码在中国被广泛用作衡量居民健康状况的指标。


“数字技术的广泛应用不仅帮助中国在短时间内成功控制疫情,而且还能使经济和社会活动更快地恢复正常,”张。■


(余俊杰、林超和秦红都参与了这个故事。视频记者:米英婷、林凯;视频编辑:周萨昂)

 

- COVID-19 has accelerated digitalization in China's medical and industrial sectors as the country recovers from the virus outbreak, said hospital and company representatives attending the 3rd Digital China Summit that kicked off Monday.

-- Zhong Nanshan, a leading respiratory-disease expert, revealed that big data and AI have been actively used in China's battle with the novel coronavirus, improving doctors' ability to diagnose and treat COVID-19.

-- Digitalization is also a sweeping trend in the industrial sector as factories move to reduce costs and raise efficiency amid the pandemic, and as the country shunts from high-speed economic growth to the path of high-quality development.

-- Officials said the added value of China's digital economy surpassed 5 trillion U.S. dollars in 2019, a year-on-year growth of 15.6 percent. Smart manufacturing, industrial connectivity, e-commerce and the sharing economy have become key driving forces for China's growth.

by Xinhua writers Yao Yuan and Zhang Yizhi

FUZHOU, Oct. 12 (Xinhua) -- Months after retiring from China's COVID-19 front line, a 5G-connected computer sits quietly in an exhibition hall in southeastern China's Fujian Province. The computer, which is mounted on wheels for ease of transport, shows real-time images of an intensive-care unit at a local hospital.

At the peak of the country's coronavirus outbreak early this year, over 100 such 5G-powered trolleys buzzed around quarantine wards in the province, allowing medical experts to conduct face-to-face consultations with patients without having to enter the wards personally.

The province's COVID-19 telemedicine center said the trolleys and other digital technologies helped top medical experts perform 1,700 remote consultations in Fujian, especially at many lower-level hospitals that lack the capacity or expertise to diagnose and treat the new respiratory disease.

"We also employed artificial intelligence (AI) to screen CT images before they reached physicians. Each patient would have hundreds of CT images, so the use of AI saved us a lot of time," said Cheng Xuesong, an information technology engineer with Fujian Provincial Hospital that houses the center.

China on Monday opened the third Digital China Summit in Fuzhou, capital of Fujian, to shed light on many such digital technologies, which have been widely used in the anti-virus battle and the country's economic and societal development.

The summit, which runs from Oct. 12 to 14, aims to build platforms for industry exchanges and cooperation. Exhibitions and forums will be held on the development and application of digital technologies, including AI, big data and blockchain. Tech giants such as Huawei, Alibaba and Tencent are expected to exhibit their cutting-edge products.

A flowerbed is seen in front of the Fuzhou Strait International Conference & Exhibition Center, the main venue for the Digital China Summit, in Fuzhou, southeast China's Fujian Province, Oct. 10, 2020. (Xinhua/Wei Peiquan)

China boasts a digital sector of unparalleled size that draws strength from a vast data pool. The country now has 940 million Internet users; it has the world's largest number of 4G users and has built more than 500,000 base stations for the next-generation 5G wireless technology, said Zhuang Rongwen, director of the Cyberspace Administration of China.

At the summit's opening ceremony, Zhuang called for accelerating the industrialization of the digital sector and the digitalization of the industrial sector. He also urged the construction of a digital "Belt and Road."

The official also said China needs more breakthroughs in core information technologies, and the country will give greater support to the R&D and the application of domestically-developed key hardware, including high-end chips, operating systems, databases and high-end servers.

A smart robot is displayed at an expo on China's digital transformation in Fuzhou, capital of southeast China's Fujian Province, Oct. 12, 2020. (Xinhua/Wei Peiquan)


"VITAL" ANTI-VIRUS SUPPORT

The use of digital technologies in epidemic control is a highlight of this year's summit, which displays digital applications in a wide range of medical scenarios, from tracking the hospital choices of fever patients to citywide health databases.

Zhong Nanshan, a renowned respiratory-disease expert, said big data and AI have greatly improved doctors' ability to diagnose, predict and treat COVID-19, describing big-data technology in particular as providing "vital support" in understanding the disease.

"At the beginning of the epidemic, we learned about the incubation period and clinical features of the disease through big data collected from over 1,000 patients across the country, which offered important references for early diagnosis," he said in a video message sent to the summit.

The big-data analysis later expanded to cover more than 5,000 patients, whose data were used to predict major risks in patients' recovery process. Data on nearly 1 million CT images and AI technologies were also employed to assist young doctors in making diagnoses, according to Zhong.

Cheng said the epidemic has boosted the use of digital technologies in Chinese hospitals, many of which will likely be retained to raise overall medical efficiency.

The telemedicine center, for instance, has expanded its remote consultation services since the epidemic subsided to cover over 90 hospitals in the province, up from 17 hospitals dedicated to treating COVID-19, Cheng said.

Photo taken on Oct. 12, 2020 shows a body temperature scanning robot displayed at an expo on China's digital transformation in Fuzhou, capital of southeast China's Fujian Province. (Xinhua/Wei Peiquan)


INDUSTRIAL "NECESSITY"

According to Zhuang, the added value of China's digital economy reached 35.8 trillion yuan (more than 5 trillion U.S. dollars) in 2019, a year-on-year growth of 15.6 percent. Smart manufacturing, industrial connectivity, e-commerce and the sharing economy have become key driving forces for China's growth.

The Chinese government has long expected digital technologies to nurture new economic engines and upgrade old industries as the country shunts from high-speed economic growth to the path of high-quality development. The pandemic is likely to speed up the industrial transition.

The COVID-19 epidemic has made digitalization a necessity rather than an alternative for companies, and new technologies, such as the industrial Internet, smart warehousing and customized manufacturing, are injecting new energy into China's economy, said Wu Hao, a senior official with the National Development and Reform Commission.

The fast-growing digital economy has also acted as a cushion in the grim job market. Over 48 million people were employed in e-commerce on social media in 2019, up 58 percent year on year, Wu said.

In Fujian, which has been building itself into a model of the digital economy, digitalization is now a common trend for companies and factories across industries.

In Goosun, an egg farm in Fuzhou, 600,000 laying hens start the day at 4 a.m. every morning to lights that are activated automatically and breakfast served by a conveyor belt. A one-meter-high robot then strolls around, using its sensors to collect data, including temperature, humidity and light, for better management.

"The more digital we become, the more we benefit from it," said Yu Jie, president of Goosun, adding that digital technology enables "almost impeccable decision making" as it boasts abundant and comprehensive data, while in the past decisions were based on experience and speculation.

Thanks to digitalization, which lowered costs and widened profit margins, Yu said his egg farm has withstood the negative impact of COVID-19, maintaining positive growth so far this year.

Data from the Fujian Agriculture and Rural Affairs Department suggest Yu's farm is not alone. The province now has 700 farms equipped with Internet of Things technologies, and over 1,000 agricultural businesses are undergoing digital upgrading.

A delivery drone is displayed at an expo on China's digital transformation in Fuzhou, capital of southeast China's Fujian Province, Oct. 12, 2020. (Xinhua/Wei Peiquan)

According to a report released at the summit, digitalization has driven down costs by 17.6 percent and increased revenue by 22.6 percent for manufacturing enterprises, while logistics enterprises have seen costs falling by 34.2 percent and revenues rising by 33.6 percent.

Jingfeng, a textile manufacturer based in Fuzhou, said it maintained 10 percent growth in output and profitability between January and August, despite constricted market demands amid the pandemic.

"As soon as our salespersons input customers' needs on our management app, their information will be matched with data from our factory, such as price, stock and available assembly lines, and the system will decide whether to take orders and arrange delivery or production accordingly," plant manager Fu Chongxian said, adding that the smart system helps the factory save almost 70 million yuan in labor, energy consumption and raw materials every year.

"It is clear that COVID-19 has accelerated China's digitalization process," said Zhang Yong, CEO of Chinese tech giant Alibaba. The company is one major provider of the health QR codes that are widely used as an indicator of residents' health status in China.

"The wide use of digital technologies not only helps China successfully contain the outbreak in a short time, but also enables economic and social activities to return to normal faster," Zhang said.

(Yu Junjie, Lin Chao and Qin Hong have contributed to the story. Video reporters: Mi Yingting, Lin Kai; Video editor: Zhou Sa'ang )


 

原作者: 姚远和张一智 来自: xinhua