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世界银行:最贫穷国家的债务在疫情大流行前攀升至创纪录的7440亿美元

2020-10-13 12:50

 

新华社华盛顿10月12日电根据世界银行集团周一发布的最新《国际债务统计报告》,2019年,世界最贫困国家外债总额增长9.5%,达到创纪录的7440亿美元。


在世界银行集团和国际货币基金组织(IMF)年度会议上,世行在一份声明中表示:“在新冠肺炎疫情爆发之前,不断上升的公共债务水平已经引起了人们的关注,尤其是在许多世界最贫困国家。”


世界银行指出,20国集团(G20)今年4月批准了暂停偿债倡议(DSSI),以帮助多达73个最贫穷国家应对大流行病的影响,允许它们暂停支付官方双边债务,直至2020年底。


世界银行行长戴维·马尔帕斯此前曾敦促G20国家将DSSI的时间框架延长到2021年底,并承诺尽可能扩大该倡议的范围。


IDS的最新报告显示,总外债的国家资格参加20国集团(G20)债务减免计划去年攀升至纪录,“强调迫切需要债权人和借款人都合作以避免引发的主权债务危机的风险越来越大COVID-19大流行。”


该报告指出,2019年,这些国家的债务积累速度几乎是其他中低收入国家的两倍。


马尔帕斯周一在推特上说:“最贫穷国家的领导人大声疾呼,呼吁债权国减轻债务负担的必要性,这是非常重要的。”


“这种对话还没有达到我认为推动这一进程所必需的力度,”世界银行行长表示。


20国集团(G20)财长和央行总裁定于周三召开会议,可能就进一步延长偿债减免做出决定。

 

WASHINGTON, Oct. 12 (Xinhua) -- The total external debt of the world's poorest countries climbed 9.5 percent to a record 744 billion U.S. dollars in 2019, according to the World Bank Group's latest International Debt Statistics (IDS) report released Monday.

"Before the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, rising public debt levels were already a cause for concern, particularly in many of the world's poorest countries," the multilateral lender said in a statement during the annual meetings of the World Bank Group and International Monetary Fund (IMF).

The Group of Twenty (G20) endorsed the Debt Service Suspension Initiative (DSSI) in April this year to help up to 73 of the poorest countries manage the impact of the pandemic, allowing them to suspend payments on official bilateral debt until the end of 2020, the World Bank noted.

World Bank Group President David Malpass previously urged the G20 countries to extend the time frame of the DSSI through the end of 2021 and commit to give the initiative as broad a scope as possible.

The latest IDS report showed that the total external debt of countries eligible for the G20 debt relief program climbed to a record last year, "highlighting an urgent need for creditors and borrowers alike to collaborate to stave off the growing risk of sovereign-debt crises triggered by the COVID-19 pandemic."

The pace of debt accumulation for these countries was nearly twice the rate of other low- and middle-income countries in 2019, the report noted.

"It's been very important that leaders of poorest nations speak up and speak out about the need for a lighter debt burden from the creditor nations," Malpass said on Twitter on Monday.

"That dialogue hasn't been as robust yet as I think is necessary to move this process along," said the World Bank chief.

Finance ministers and central bank governors from the G20 economies are scheduled to meet virtually on Wednesday, and could make a decision on further extension of debt service relief.

 

来自: xinhua